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Sydney central business district

  (Redirected from Sydney CBD)

The Sydney Central Business District (CBD) is the main commercial centre of Sydney, the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia. The Sydney CBD is to a large degree coterminous with Sydney's city centre, or Sydney City, and the two terms are used interchangeably. The CBD or city centre is often referred to simply as "Town" or "the City". The Sydney city centre extends southwards for about 3 km (2 mi) from Sydney Cove, the point of first European settlement in which the Sydney region was initially established. Due to its pivotal role in Australia's early history, it is one of the oldest established areas in the country.

Sydney City Centre
SydneyNew South Wales
Sydney City Business District.jpg
Sydney City Centre
Sydney City Centre is located in New South Wales
Sydney City Centre
Sydney City Centre
Coordinates33°52′5″S 151°12′44″E / 33.86806°S 151.21222°E / -33.86806; 151.21222Coordinates: 33°52′5″S 151°12′44″E / 33.86806°S 151.21222°E / -33.86806; 151.21222
Population17,252 (2016)[1]
 • Density6,160/km2 (15,960/sq mi)
Postcode(s)2000
Area2.8 km2 (1.1 sq mi)
LGA(s)City of Sydney
State electorate(s)Sydney
Federal Division(s)Sydney
Suburbs around Sydney City Centre:
Barangaroo Millers Point
The Rocks
Port Jackson
Pyrmont Sydney City Centre Woolloomooloo
Darlinghurst
Ultimo Haymarket
Ultimo
Surry Hills

Geographically, its north–south axis runs from Circular Quay in the north to Central railway station in the south. Its east–west axis runs from a chain of parkland that includes Hyde Park, The Domain, Royal Botanic Gardens and Farm Cove on Sydney Harbour in the east; to Darling Harbour and the Western Distributor in the west. At the 2016 Australian Census, the City recorded a population of 17,252.[1]

The Sydney City is Australia's main financial and economic centre, as well as a leading hub of economic activity for the Asia-Pacific region. The city centre and areas immediately around it employ approximately 22% of the Sydney region's workforce. The City has the largest gathering of workers in the whole of Sydney. Most of them are white collar office workers in the finance and professional service industries. In 2012, the number of workers operating in City was 226,972.[2] Based on industry mix and relative occupational wage levels it is estimated that economic activity ( GDP ) generated in the city in 2015/16 was approximately $118 billion.[3] Culturally, the city centre is Sydney's focal point for nightlife and entertainment. It is also home to some of the city's most significant buildings and structures.

Contents

Geography and urban structureEdit

The Sydney CBD is an area of very densely concentrated skyscrapers and other buildings, interspersed by several parks such as Hyde Park, The Domain, Royal Botanic Gardens and Wynyard Park. George Street is the Sydney CBD's main north–south thoroughfare. The streets run on a slightly warped grid pattern in the southern CBD, but in the older northern CBD the streets form several intersecting grids, reflecting their placement in relation to the prevailing breeze and orientation to Circular Quay in early settlement.

The CBD runs along two ridge lines below Macquarie Street and York Streets. Between these ridges is Pitt Street, running close to the course of the original Tank Stream (now tunnelled). Bridge Street, took its name from the bridge running east–west that once crossed this stream. Pitt Street is the retail heart of the city which includes the Pitt Street Mall and the Sydney Tower. Macquarie Street is a historic precinct that houses such buildings as the State Parliament House and the Supreme Court of New South Wales.

 
The skyline of the central business district as viewed from Tasman Sea.

BoundariesEdit

Sydney (suburb)
SydneyNew South Wales
Map
 
A map showing Sydney's city centre and adjacent areas.

The New South Wales Geographical Names Board defines the area covering the central business district as the suburb named "Sydney".[4] The formal boundaries of the suburb "Sydney" covers most of the peninsula formed by Cockle Bay in the west and Woolloomooloo Bay in the east. It extends north to Circular Quay, Bennelong Point and Mrs Macquarie's Chair, east to Woolloomooloo Bay, south to Goulburn Street just north of Sydney's Chinatown (Haymarket), and west to cover the Darling Harbour area on the western shore of Cockle Bay. However, it does not include the northwestern portion of the peninsula which includes the Barangaroo, the Rocks, Miller's Point, Dawe's Point and Walsh Bay area, which are formally separate suburbs grouped by the City of Sydney into the "small area" called "The Rocks - Miller's Point - Dawe's Point".[5][6] Although not part of the CBD, Chinatown, Haymarket, the Rocks, Miller's Point and Dawe's Point are often regarded as part of the city centre.

The postcode zone 2000 is also roughly correlative with the city centre.

"Sydney City" is very occasionally used to refer not only to the City proper, but also its nearby inner suburbs such as Pyrmont, Haymarket, Ultimo and Woolloomooloo.

City of Sydney boundaries over timeEdit

The City of Sydney is traditionally the governing authority for Sydney's city centre. However, the boundaries of the City of Sydney have always been larger than the city centre or CBD. For example, Pyrmont has been in the City of Sydney since 1842 but is usually considered to be an inner western suburb, not a part of the Sydney city centre or CBD. Today's City of Sydney is far larger than the city centre or CBD.

HistoryEdit

 
A tram passes through a crowd of people during lunch hour, Pitt Street, 1937.

In the midst of World War 1, on Valentine's day, riots racked the CBD, in what has come to be known as the Central Station Riots of 1916. A substantial segment of the violence was concentrated in the Central area. These riots involved five thousand military recruits who refused to comply with extraneous parade orders. During the riots they caused significant damage to buildings. People with "foreign" names were especially targeted. The recruits clashed with soldiers, resulting in the death of Private Ernest William Keefe. A number of eight people sustained injuries. Because this incident occurred in the middle of the Great War the state discouraged media coverage. Only a fifth of the rioters were court-marshalled. These riots spurred the introduction of lockout laws for pubs after 6pm. This law was only lifted in 1955.[7]

GovernanceEdit

Administratively, the Sydney CBD falls under the authority of the local government area of the City of Sydney.[8] The New South Wales state government also has authority over some aspects of the CBD, in particular through the Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority. Independent Alex Greenwich has represented the Sydney seat since the 2012 by-election, triggered by the resignation of previous independent Clover Moore, who was the Lord Mayor of Sydney, due to introduced state laws preventing dual membership of state parliament and local council.

Commercial areaEdit

 
The northwestern end of the Sydney CBD as viewed from Sydney Tower

The Sydney CBD is home to some of the largest Australian companies, as well as serving as an Asia-Pacific headquarters for many large international companies. The financial services industry in particular occupies much of the available office space, with companies such as the Westpac, Commonwealth Bank of Australia, Citibank, Deutsche Bank, Macquarie Bank, AMP Limited, Insurance Australia Group, AON, Marsh, Allianz, HSBC, AXA, ABN Amro,[9] RBC and Bloomsbury Publishing all having offices.[10]

TransportEdit

 
George Street, the main CBD thoroughfare

Sydney's CBD is serviced by commuter rail, light rail, buses and ferry transport. In addition, an underground rapid transit system known as the Sydney Metro is being developed: its first stage will link the central business district to the North Western suburbs of Sydney[11] and a second stage that will link the North Shore to Bankstown via a tunnel underneath Sydney Harbour and the CBD is proposed.[12][13]

Commuter rail's main hub is Central Railway Station ("Central"), located in the southern part of the CBD in Haymarket: it connects services for almost all of the lines in the Sydney Trains network, as well as being the terminus for NSW TrainLink country and inter-urban rail services. There is a largely-underground CBD rail loop, accessed in both directions via Central, which services five additional CBD stations, plus an underground spur line to Bondi Junction which services two. This is known as the City Circle. The Dulwich Hill Line, the only currently operating light rail line in Sydney (another is under construction) links the southern part of the CBD and Central to nearby suburbs of Sydney's Inner-west. Buses, both government-run and privately owned, service the CBD along several dozen routes to both inner and more remote suburbs. NightRide is an after-hours bus service that operates between midnight and 5:00 am, with most services running from George Street outside the Sydney Town Hall.[14] Sydney Ferries operate largely from Circular Quay, on the northern edge of the CBD. There are several wharves (directly beneath the elevated Circular Quay commuter rail station), with Wharf 3 operating exclusively to Manly. There are also ferries at the western edge of the CBD at King Street Wharf, just to the south of Barangaroo.

CultureEdit

Sydney's culture is compacted within its central business district and inner city ring, due to its nightlife, pedestrian traffic and centrality of notable attractions. There is a large concentration of cultural institutions within the CBD including: the Museum of Sydney, the State Library of New South Wales, the Customs House branch of the City of Sydney Library, the Theatre Royal, the City Recital Hall and the Japan Foundation. There are a total of 19 churches located in the Sydney city centre.[15]

Many other cultural institutions are located at the surrounds of the CBD, such as: the Sydney Opera House and the Museum of Contemporary Art to the north, the Australian Museum and the Art Gallery of New South Wales to the east, the Powerhouse Museum to the west, White Rabbit Gallery and the Haymarket branch of the City of Sydney Library to the south.

Every January during the summer, the city celebrates with the Sydney Festival. There are art, music and dance exhibitions at indoor and outdoor venues. Australian and International theatre during the month is also featured, including Aboriginal, and Contemporary. Many of these events are free.

The Sydney Film Festival is an international event organised every year in June at various venues across the CBD. The festival opened on 11 June 1954 and was held over four days, with screenings at Sydney University. Attendance was at full capacity with 1,200 tickets sold at one guinea each.[16]

Sydney boasts a lively café culture, as well as a club and bar scene distributed throughout the CBD and concentrated in a couple of locations such as Darling Harbour.[17] Although Kings Cross is not technically located within the Sydney CBD, it is accessible via William Street, which runs through Hyde Park and is part of the inner-city region. Oxford Street hosts Sydney's gay scene.[citation needed]

 
Panoramic view of the Sydney Town Hall

ArchitectureEdit

 
Podium of the MLC Centre.

The Sydney CBD contains many of Australia's tallest skyscrapers, including Governor Phillip Tower, MLC Centre and World Tower, the latter consisting predominantly of apartments. It is also home to Australia's earliest skyscraper, the Australia Square building on George Street. As of 2017, the tallest structure is Centrepoint Tower at 309 m (1,014 ft) which has dominated the city skyline since it was topped out in 1981. Recently,[when?] height limits for buildings were lifted from 235 m (771 ft) to 310 m (1,017 ft).

Sydney's CBD features a juxtaposition of old and new architecture. The old architecture dates back to Sydney's earliest days as a colony, down to the more grandiose Victorian architecture from the Gold rush era–the most substantial examples are the Queen Victoria Building and the Sydney Town Hall. Modern architectures take form as high rises and skyscrapers, which are prolific among all of Sydney's city streets. The earliest skyscraper constructed in Sydney was Culwulla Chambers, which stands at a height of 50 m (164 ft) and was completed in 1912. Designed by Spain, Cosh and Minnett, the building consisted of 14 floors and cost £100,000 to build, equivalent of approximately $1 million in today's money.[18]

Heritage listingsEdit

The Sydney central business district has many heritage-listed buildings including:


DemographicsEdit

 
Intersection of George Street and Park Street near Town Hall
  • In the 2016 Census, there were 17,252 people residing in Sydney CBD. The median age was 30 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 4.5% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 5.7% of the population.[1]
  • 17.0% of the people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were Thailand (13.3%), China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) (11.7%), Indonesia (10.7%), South Korea (5.4%) and India (3.5%). Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.2% of the population.[1]
  • 25.3% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin (14.6%), Thai (13.0%), Indonesian (9.1%), Korean (5.0%) and Cantonese (4.2%).[1]
  • The most common ancestries in the CBD were Chinese (24.6%), Thai (11.3%), English (9.3%), Indonesian (5.1%) and Korean (4.9%).[1]
  • The most common responses for religion in Sydney CBD were No Religion (31.7%), Buddhism (21.7%), Not stated (15.8%), Catholic (12.6%) and Anglican (3.3%).[1]
  • 18.2% were couple families with children, 65.6% were couple families without children and 8.5% were one parent families. 33.4% were married.[1]
  • 0.2% were separate houses, 0.0% were semi-detached, row or terrace houses, townhouses etc., 98.9% were flat or apartments and 0.6% were other dwellings. 15.7% of the homes were owned outright, 13.4% were owned with a mortgage and 65.7% were rented. 49.3% were family households, 31.8% were single person households and 18.9% were group households.[1]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Sydney (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June 2017.  
  2. ^ "CBD and Harbour". City Of Sydney. 2012.
  3. ^ "Australia's economic activity heavily concentrated in Sydney and Melbourne". taxpayer.com.au. 21 August 2014. Archived from the original on 1 April 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  4. ^ NSW GNB - Sydney (suburb)
  5. ^ Detailed Suburb Report for Sydney, Microburbs
  6. ^ Sydney - About the profile areas, ID.com.au
  7. ^ "The Central Station Riots of 1916". History of Sydney.
  8. ^ "Home". City of Sydney. Archived from the original on 19 February 2011. Retrieved 6 April 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  9. ^ "Australia Archived 16 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine." ABN Amro. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
  10. ^ "Contact Us Archived 13 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine." Bloomsbury Publishing. Retrieved 14 October 2012. "Bloomsbury Publishing Pty Ltd. Level 14 309 Kent St Sydney NSW 2000 Australia"
  11. ^ "Funding secured: Sydney Metro to be a reality". Transport for NSW. 4 June 2015. Archived from the original on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 13 July 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  12. ^ Transport for NSW (2015). "Chatswood to Sydenham State Significant Infrastructure Application Report". 5.1 Overview and key components. p. 56. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015. New metro stations at Crows Nest, Victoria Cross, Barangaroo, Martin Place and Pitt Street, as well as new underground platforms at Central Station Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  13. ^ Sarah, Gerathy (4 June 2015). "Power vote means Sydney Harbour rail crossing is less than a decade away: NSW Premier Mike Baird". ABC News. Archived from the original on 16 November 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  14. ^ NightRide bus tickets Archived 30 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine, Transport NSW Info. Retrieved 5 November 2014
  15. ^ "Churches". sydneyorgan.com. Archived from the original on 22 June 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  16. ^ Kaufman, Tina (May 2003). "Looking Back, Looking Forward: the Sydney Film Festival at 50". Senses of Cinema. Senses of Cinema Inc. 26. Archived from the original on 15 April 2005. Retrieved 25 April 2005.
  17. ^ "Sydney City". Destination New South Wales. Archived from the original on 9 April 2013. Retrieved 6 April 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  18. ^ "Sydney's first skyscraper". State Library of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  19. ^ "Pyrmont Bridge". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01618. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  20. ^ "Tank Stream". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00636. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  21. ^ "Customs House (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00727. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  22. ^ "Pinnacle House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00582. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  23. ^ "Bank of NSW". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00080. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  24. ^ "Cenotaph". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01799. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  25. ^ "NSW Club House Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00145. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  26. ^ "Burns Philp Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00347. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  27. ^ "Liner House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00589. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  28. ^ "Lands Department Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00744. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  29. ^ "Department of Education Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00726. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  30. ^ "First Government House Site". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01309. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  31. ^ "Bulletin Place Restaurant". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00651. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  32. ^ "Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00652. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  33. ^ "Warehouse (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00653. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  34. ^ "Capitol Theatre". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00391. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  35. ^ "Trust Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00676. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  36. ^ "Sydney Downing Centre". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00393. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  37. ^ "Museum Railway Station". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01207. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  38. ^ "St. James Railway Station group". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01248. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  39. ^ "Red Cross House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01511. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  40. ^ "Police Station (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00293. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  41. ^ "St. Mary's Catholic Cathedral and Chapter House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01709. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  42. ^ "Australian Museum". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00805. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  43. ^ "Carousel, The". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01620. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  44. ^ "Railway Square road overbridge". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01232. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  45. ^ "Martin Place Railway Station". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01187. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  46. ^ "Sewer Vent". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01642. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  47. ^ "GIO Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00683. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  48. ^ "Cyprus-Hellene Club". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00773. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  49. ^ "Cyprus Hellene Club - Australian Hall (Place ID 105937)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  50. ^ "Metters Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00732. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  51. ^ "Crown Hotel". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00733. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  52. ^ "Great Synagogue". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01710. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  53. ^ "Sharpies Golf House Sign (The Golf House)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01655. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  54. ^ "Old Registry Office, Sydney Supreme Court House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00801. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  55. ^ "Hyde Park". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01871. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  56. ^ "Watch House Terrace". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00223. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  57. ^ "Watch House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00501. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  58. ^ "Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01070. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  59. ^ "Man O'War Steps". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01432. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  60. ^ "Metropolitan Hotel". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00663. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  61. ^ "Skinners Family Hotel". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00584. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  62. ^ "Westpac Bank". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00664. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  63. ^ "CBC Bank (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00428. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  64. ^ "National Mutual Building (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00234. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  65. ^ "ANZ Bank (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00085. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  66. ^ "Queen Victoria Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01814. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  67. ^ "Sydney Town Hall". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01452. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  68. ^ "King George Hotel (former) and Haymarket Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00615. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  69. ^ "Christ Church St Laurence Anglican Church and Pipe Organ". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00123. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  70. ^ "St. Andrew's Anglican Cathedral and Chapter House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01708. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  71. ^ "Sydney Trades Hall". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00322. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  72. ^ "Sydney Terminal and Central Railway Stations Group". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01255. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  73. ^ "Municipal Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00693. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  74. ^ "Perpetual Trustee Company". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00678. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  75. ^ "City Mutual Life Assurance Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00585. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  76. ^ "Qantas House (No. 1 Chifley Square)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01512. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  77. ^ "ANZAC Memorial". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01822. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  78. ^ "HMAS Sydney 1 - SMS Emden Memorial (moveable heritage item)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01946. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  79. ^ "Judges House, The". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00060. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  80. ^ "Sydney Supreme Court House (Old Court House)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00800. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  81. ^ "St. James' Anglican Church". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01703. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  82. ^ "Post Office Stores". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00608. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  83. ^ "Little Hunter and Hamilton Street Precinct". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00599. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  84. ^ "Sydney Central Local Court House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00802. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  85. ^ "Macquarie Place Precinct". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01759. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  86. ^ "Kyle House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00654. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  87. ^ "Mint Building and Hyde Park Barracks Group". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00190. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  88. ^ "Parliament House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01615. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  89. ^ "Conservatorium of Music". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01849. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  90. ^ "Royal Automobile Club". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00700. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  91. ^ "Health Department Building (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01912. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  92. ^ "Intercontinental Hotel former Treasury Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00355. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  93. ^ "Chief Secretary's Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00766. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  94. ^ "History House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00692. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  95. ^ "BMA House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00252. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  96. ^ "St. Stephen's Uniting Church". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01704. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  97. ^ "Government House, Movable Heritage Collection and Gardens". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01872. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  98. ^ "State Theatre". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00446. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  99. ^ "General Post Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00763. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  100. ^ "Challis House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00666. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  101. ^ "MLC Building (Former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00597. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  102. ^ "Commonwealth Bank". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01427. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  103. ^ "APA Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00682. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  104. ^ "Public Trust Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01019. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  105. ^ "Justice and Police Museum". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00673. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  106. ^ "Phillip Street Terraces". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00621. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  107. ^ "Wales House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00586. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  108. ^ "Sydney Club". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00583. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  109. ^ "Sugar House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00417. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  110. ^ "Grahame's Corner". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00736. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  111. ^ "Strand Arcade". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01864. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  112. ^ "Pitt Street Uniting Church". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00022. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  113. ^ "Sydney School of Arts". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00366. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  114. ^ "Sydney Water Head Office (former) (1939 building)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01645. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  115. ^ "Land Titles Office". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00962. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  116. ^ "State Library of NSW". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01071. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  117. ^ "Banco Road Court, Sydney Supreme Court House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00799. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  118. ^ "Big House Hotel". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00513. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  119. ^ "Welcome Inn Hotel". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00408. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  120. ^ "Hawker & Vance Produce Exchange". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00409. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  121. ^ "Royal George Hotel". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00411. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  122. ^ "Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00410. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  123. ^ "Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00412. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  124. ^ "Warehouses (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00413. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  125. ^ "Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00414. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  126. ^ "Terrace Houses". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00415. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  127. ^ "Dundee Arms Hotel". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00416. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  128. ^ "Corn Exchange". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01619. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  129. ^ "International House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00579. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  130. ^ "Transport House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01271. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  131. ^ "Warehouse (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00647. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  132. ^ "AWA Building and Tower". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00665. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  133. ^ "Hardware House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00580. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  134. ^ "National House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00581. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  135. ^ "Grace Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00712. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  136. ^ "Gresham Hotel". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00291. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  137. ^ "Ozanam House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00701. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  138. ^ "Young Street Terraces". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00974. Retrieved 18 May 2018.

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