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Haymarket, New South Wales

Haymarket is a suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It is located at the southern end of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the City of Sydney. Haymarket includes much of Sydney's Chinatown, Thaitown and Railway Square localities. Haymarket is adjacent to Darling Harbour and is surrounded by the suburbs of Ultimo, Chippendale, Surry Hills and the Sydney CBD.

Haymarket
SydneyNew South Wales
Paddys markets sydney.jpg
Sydney Market City building
Population 7,353 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density 18,400/km2 (48,000/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 2000
Area 0.4 km2 (0.2 sq mi)
LGA(s) City of Sydney
State electorate(s) Sydney
Federal Division(s) Sydney
Suburbs around Haymarket:
Ultimo Sydney CBD Sydney CBD
Ultimo Haymarket Surry Hills
Chippendale Surry Hills Surry Hills

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Crystal Palace Hotel, erected in the 1900s

Sydney's produce markets were located in Haymarket from the early 20th century through to the 1980s when they were moved to a new site at Flemington. Paddy's Markets still operate on part of the site of the vegetable markets as a produce and flea market. The 'Market City' complex contains the markets, The Peak apartment building, a modern shopping centre featuring a food court, restaurants, boutiques, specialty shops and entertainment options, such as a cinema and amusement centre.

The outer walls of the original vegetable market, built in 1909, were preserved and restored as an example of Edwardian architecture. They were part of the original city markets—designed by city architect C.Broderick—which were bounded by Hay Street, Quay Street and Thomas Street. They were built to replace the old Belmore Market, which had failed because it was too far from Darling Harbour.

The new markets included the Sydney City Markets building (Ultimo Road), designed by George McRae and built in 1910, and the Sydney Markets Bell Tower (Quay Street), built in 1911 and restored by the State Bank in 1985. The bell tower is now incorporated within the University of Technology.[2]

The Capitol Theatre, built in 1928, is also located in Haymarket.

PopulationEdit

At the 2016 census, there were 7,353 residents in Haymarket. The median age was 27 years and 49.7% of people were aged 20–29 years. More than half of Haymarket residents were attending an educational institution, with the majority of these people attending a tertiary or technical institution. Just 8.3% of residents were born in Australia.[1] 87.8% of the population was foreign born in 2011, the highest for any Australian suburb.[3] The most common other countries of birth were Thailand 20.7%, China 18.9%, Indonesia 11.5%, Korea, Republic of (South) 5.0% and Vietnam 2.1%. 71.6% of people spoke a language other than English at home. The main languages spoken were Thai 20.4%, Mandarin 20.3%, Indonesian 10.2%, Cantonese 5.1% and Korean 4.8%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 33.2% and Buddhism 30.5%.

99.8% of dwellings were flats, units or apartments. 47.8% of households renting their accommodation were paying more than 30% of household income as rent, compared to the NSW average of 12.9% and the Australian average of 11.5%.[1]

TransportEdit

Central railway station sits on the southern border. The Sydney Entertainment Centre is located in Haymarket, between Paddy's Market and Darling Harbour. Building 5 of the University of Technology is located in Haymarket.

Haymarket is also serviced by the Dulwich Hill Line of Sydney's light rail network with stations at Central, Capitol Square and Paddy's Markets. The light rail uses a former freight rail corridor. A short section is not used by the light rail having been converted to The Goods Line pedestrian link to Railway Square and Central station.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Haymarket (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 June 2017.  
  2. ^ Sydney Architecture, John Haskell (UNSW Press) 1997, p.55
  3. ^ "Where do migrants live? (4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2014)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2014.

External linksEdit