Streatham (UK Parliament constituency)
Streatham is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Chuka Umunna, who was elected as a Labour MP, but left the party in February 2019 to form Change UK. He resigned from Change UK in June 2019 and now sits as a Liberal Democrat.[n 2]
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Streatham in Greater London.
|Electorate||71,913 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Clapham Common, Streatham Hill, Brixton Hill, Streatham South.|
|Member of Parliament||Chuka Umunna (Liberal Democrats)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
1918–1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth ward of Streatham.
1974–1983: The London Borough of Lambeth wards of Clapham Park, St Leonard's, Streatham Hill, Streatham South, Streatham Wells, and Thornton.
1983–1997: As above plus Town Hall ward.
1997–2010: As above plus St Martin's and Tulse Hill wards.
2010–present: The London Borough of Lambeth wards of Brixton Hill, Clapham Common, St Leonard’s, Streatham Hill, Streatham South, Streatham Wells, Thornton, and Tulse Hill.
Streatham is a long constituency comprising the south-west portion of the London Borough of Lambeth. The town of Streatham constitutes the four wards in the southern half of the constituency. At its north-western tip the seat includes half of Clapham Common; the north-east takes in part of Brixton which is shared with neighbouring Vauxhall and Dulwich and West Norwood.
The northern boundary follows Clapham Park Road, Acre Lane, and Coldharbour Lane through Clapham and Brixton to Lambeth Town Hall. The north-eastern boundary generally follows Effra Road and Tulse Hill, but runs east of the main road to include the part of the Tulse Hill estate and the Cressingham Gardens estate west of Brockwell Park. The boundary skirts the Tulse Hill district centre, following Hardel Rise, Christchurch Road and Norwood Road, and then runs along Leigham Vale and Leigham Court Road. The southern and western constituency boundaries follow Lambeth's borough boundaries with Croydon, Merton and Wandsworth.
Local government resultsEdit
The local government wards in the constituency are currently represented by twenty Labour councillors, one Conservative councillor and three Green councillors, including Jonathan Bartley who is leader of the opposition on Lambeth Council.
Nine Liberal Democrat councillors represented the wards of Streatham Hill, Streatham Wells and St Leonard's with one additional councillor elected at Clapham Common in 2010. All Streatham wards had been represented by the Liberal Democrats from 1990 to 2014 before Labour subsequently gained seven seats from them at the 2014 council elections. The Liberal Democrats were unsuccessful in gaining any seats back at the 2018 local elections.
In 2018, the Conservatives held one seat and lost two to Labour in Clapham Common, by a very narrow margin, whilst the Greens took the other two seats from Labour in St Leonard's.
- Political history
Streatham was for a few decades solidly Tory suburbia overall - the Conservatives won Streatham when Labour gained large majorities in 1945 and 1966, and it was the only seat in the former LCC area (Inner London) apart from the Chelsea/Kensington/Westminster/City central core to remain consistently Conservative.
The Conservative Party lost Streatham in 1992, having held it since 1918. The Conservative candidate was beaten into third place by a Liberal Democrat in 2001, and there were swings from Labour to the Liberal Democrats at the two subsequent general elections. An improvement in the Conservative share of the vote took place in 2010, when the Labour incumbent, Keith Hill, retired and Chuka Umunna was elected standing with the party. The 2015 result was the re-election of Umunna, which made the seat the 96th safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.
Streatham has modestly swung against the Conservative Party since the 1980s, even more than other similar seats in South London (such as Croydon North, Dulwich and West Norwood, Lewisham East and West).
Demographic and voting pattern changes combined with unfavourable boundary changes converted Streatham into a marginal seat, then into a mid-ranking safe Labour seat. However, in 2015 the Conservatives moved into second place with a sharp increase in numerical vote share, and remained there in 2017.
The constituency of Streatham was contested under the name at the 1918 general election when it approximately followed the historic parish boundaries of Streatham, including a substantial part of Balham, a 19th-century founded primarily urban parish by 1918.
The constituency was carved out of the former constituency of Wandsworth in the same way as Putney, Wandsworth Central and Balham and Tooting under the Representation of the People Act 1918, the fourth major UK reform, that settled upon single member constituencies, and roughly equal electorates.
The 1918 boundaries remained unchanged until the 1965 changes to Greater London local government became reflected in the parliamentary constituencies, at the February 1974 general election. This resulted in a net reduction in the size of the area. The western district Streatham Park (location of the Streatham Conservative Club) and the remainder of Furzedown ward went into the Tooting seat.
The rest of the constituency, including the town of Streatham has since 1965 been in the London Borough of Lambeth. Three other constituencies covered Lambeth from 1974, Vauxhall, Norwood and Lambeth Central. The Clapham constituency was abolished as part of the 1974 changes. The Clapham Park area and Hyde Farm (commonly thought of as part of Balham) came into the Streatham seat, whereas the rest of Clapham went into the Vauxhall seat creating an enduring split.
On abolition of Lambeth Central at the 1983 election, the constituency gained much of southern Brixton. Following further population decline, Lambeth was paired with Southwark in the next boundary review, and from the 1997 election, Streatham constituency gained areas around Tulse Hill from the former Norwood constituency, the rest of which became part of Dulwich and West Norwood.
Among the most ethnically diverse constituencies, Streatham - which covers parts of Clapham, Balham, Brixton, Tulse Hill and Streatham - is in the south London borough of Lambeth. Only 58.2% of residents are white and it has among the most mixed race and black residents in the country, according to the 2011 Census. It has Polish, Portuguese and Hispanic communities. The bulk of residents are aged 25–44, with relatively few pensioners [missing reference].
Although it is a residential area, it is more popular with young workers than families - with good transport links into central London. Many residents rent and there is a large social housing sector. Streatham High Road is home to over 400 businesses. A £26m ice rink and leisure centre opened in November 2013, part of continuing investment. The population is highly qualified and a high percentage are in full-time work [missing reference].
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1918||Sir[n 3] William Lane-Mitchell||Coalition Conservative||Sat as a Unionist|
|1939 by-election||Sir David Robertson||Uncontested wartime by-election caused by Lane-Mitchell's resignation|
|1950||Duncan Sandys (after, Lord Duncan-Sandys)||Secretary of State for Defence (1957-9), Commonwealth Relations (1960-2), and Colonies (1962-4).|
|1974||Sir William Shelton|
|1992||Trevor Keith Hill||Labour||First Labour MP to represent the constituency|
|2010||Chuka Umunna||Shadow Business Secretary from 2011 to 2015. Defected to Change UK, then Liberal Democrats, in 2019.|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Alex Davies||3,611||6.5||-2.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Amna Ahmad||4,491||9.0||−26.8|
|Workers Revolutionary||Deon Gayle||49||0.1||−0.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Nicholson||16,778||35.8||+6.3|
|English Democrat||Janus Polenceus||229||0.5||N/A|
|Workers Revolutionary||Paul Lepper||117||0.2||−0.1|
NB Percentage comparions in the table above are against the notional result on the new constituency boundaries.
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Darren Sanders||11,484||28.3||+10.0|
|Workers Revolutionary||Billy Colvill||127||0.3||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Roger O'Brien||6,771||18.1||+4.6|
|Socialist Alliance||Greg Tucker||906||2.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Roger O'Brien||6,082||13.6||+3.6|
|Referendum||Jeremy J. Wall||864||1.9||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||John Pindar||3,858||9.6||-6.2|
|Green||Roger C. L. Baker||443||1.1||N/A|
|Islamic Party||A. Hakin||154||0.4||N/A|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Cynthia Payne||145||0.4||N/A|
|Natural Law||John V. Parsons||97||0.2||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||5.75|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Labour||E. Anna Tapsall||16,509||39.2||+7.7|
|Labour||M. M. Long||12,362||31.5||-5.52|
|Liberal||Peter H. Billenness||8,321||21.2||+11.3|
|National Front||K. D. Handy||321||0.8||-0.57|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Labour||T. P. C. Daniel||14,130||37.02||-0.71|
|Liberal||J. S. Pincham||3,779||9.90||-3.89|
|National Front||G. W. Bryant||523||1.37||-0.89|
|Providers Through Care||A. J. Hollander||102||0.27||N/A|
|National Front||T. Lamb||817||2.26||-0.03|
|Independent||Teresa E. Moore||210||0.58||+0.47|
|National Front||T. Lamb||937||2.29||N/A|
|Labour||Ann S Ward||13,593||38.30||-7.07|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour||James L Walker||16,505||45.37||+12.93|
|Labour||James L Walker||12,085||32.44||+5.02|
|Liberal||Anthony H J Miller||5,261||14.12||+1.3|
|Independent Loyalists||William Austen Brooks||497||1.33||N/A|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour||Norman John Smart||14,804||32.75||-0.11|
|Liberal||Alexander William Wilson||3,319||7.34||-2.5|
|Liberal||Alexander William Wilson||4,562||9.84||-4.15|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Liberal||Charles William Ernest Remnant||4,677||13.99||N/A|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||Percy Lionel Edwin Rawlins||8,191||24.6||+6.9|
|Liberal||Charles Guy Parsloe||4,111||17.7||-22.3|
|Communist||Alfred M. Wall||3,204||13.8||N/A|
|Liberal||Charles Guy Parsloe||7,075||40.0||+9.1|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Unionist win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Change UK splits as six of 11 MPs become independents". BBC News. 4 June 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972 (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig, Political Reference Publications 1972
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Elliott, Francis (13 June 2019). "It's all change again as Chuka Umunna joins Lib Dems". Retrieved 13 June 2019 – via www.thetimes.co.uk.
- "Streatham parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election results for Streatham, 7 May 2015". moderngov.lambeth.gov.uk. 7 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949