Steven Hill (born Solomon Krakovsky; Yiddish: שלמה קראַקאָווסקי; February 24, 1922 – August 23, 2016) was an American actor. His two better-known roles are district attorney Adam Schiff on the NBC television drama series Law & Order, whom he portrayed for 10 seasons (1990–2000), and Dan Briggs, the original team leader of the Impossible Missions Force on the CBS television series Mission: Impossible, whom he portrayed in the initial season of the show (1966–1967).
Hill as Dan Briggs on Mission: Impossible, c. 1966–67
February 24, 1922
|Died||August 23, 2016 (aged 94)|
Monsey, New York, U.S.
|Education||West Seattle High School|
|Years active||1928–1967, 1977–2000|
|Height||1.82 m (6 ft 0 in)|
(m. 1951; div. 1964)
Though highly esteemed by his peers, Hill's career was hampered by a strict adherence to Orthodox Judaism, which he adopted after becoming an established actor.
Hill was born Solomon Krakovskyin Seattle, Washington, to Russian Jewish immigrants. His father owned a furniture store. He decided to become an actor at age six when he played the lead in The Pied Piper of Hamelin. After graduating from West Seattle High School in 1940, Hill attended the University of Washington and served four years in the United States Navy during World War II. He graduated from the University of Washington and moved first to Chicago and then New York City to pursue an acting career.
Hill made his first Broadway stage appearance in Ben Hecht's A Flag Is Born in 1946, which also featured a young Marlon Brando. Hill said that his big break came when he landed a small part in the hit Broadway show Mister Roberts. "The director, Joshua Logan, thought I had some ability, and he let me create one of the scenes," said Hill. "So, I improvised dialog and it went in the show. That was my first endorsement. It gave me tremendous encouragement to stay in the business." Hill said this was a thrilling time in his life when, fresh out of the Navy, he played the hapless sailor Stefanowski. "You could almost smell it from the very first reading that took place; this is going to be an overwhelming hit," said Hill. "We all felt it and experienced it and were convinced of it, and we were riding the crest of a wave from the very first day of rehearsals."
Actors Studio memberEdit
Early screen workEdit
Hill made his film debut in 1950 in A Lady Without Passport. He then re-enlisted in the Navy in 1952 for two years and, when he completed his service, resumed his acting in earnest. Strasberg later said, "Steven Hill is considered one of the finest actors America has ever produced." When he was starting out as an actor, Hill sought out roles that had a social purpose. "Later, I learned that show business is about entertaining," he said. "So, I've had to reconcile my idealistic feelings with reality."
TV's Golden AgeEdit
Hill was particularly busy in the so-called "Golden Age" of live TV drama, appearing in such offerings as The Trial of Sacco and Vanzetti in 1960, where he portrayed Bartolomeo Vanzetti. "When I first became an actor, there were two young actors in New York: Marlon Brando and Steven Hill," said Martin Landau, who later became Hill's castmate in the first season of Mission: Impossible. Landau went on to admit, "A lot of people said that Steven would have been the one, not Marlon. He was legendary. Nuts, volatile, mad, and his work was exciting."
In 1961, Hill had an unusual experience when he was cast as Sigmund Freud on Broadway in Henry Denker's A Far Country, portraying Freud at the age of 35. For on April 12, 1961, the night of a sold-out performance for the Masters Children's Center of Dobbs Ferry, Hill was stricken with a virus which incapacitated him so severely that as a direct result, just as the curtain was about to rise, the producers decided to cancel the performance. Among the notables in the audience were Joseph P. Kennedy, Jack Benny, and Richard Rodgers. The audience was invited to exchange their ticket stubs for other performances. The understudy was not ready to replace Hill, so Alfred Ryder, the play's director, stepped into the role of Freud for one performance.
In 1961, he was cast as B.E. Langard in the episode "Act of Piracy" of the ABC series, Adventures in Paradise, which starred Gardner McKay. He appeared in the original Robert Stack ABC/Desilu crime drama, The Untouchables episode "Jack 'Legs' Diamond," giving a compelling, cold, evil performance as the eponymous character, and a similar sinister role as a bedridden (following an accident), ruthlessly manipulative millionaire in "The White Knight," a 1966 black-and-white, third-season episode of The Fugitive, which starred David Janssen.
Hill was the original leader of the Impossible Missions Force, Dan Briggs, in the series Mission: Impossible beginning in 1966. The phrase "Good morning, Mr. Briggs..." was a fixture early in each episode, where a sound or film recording he retrieved detailed the task he must accomplish. However, he was replaced in the show in 1967 after the end of the first season. As one of the few Orthodox Jewish actors working in Hollywood, he made it clear in advance of production that he was not able to work on the Sabbath (i.e., sundown Friday to dusk Saturday), and that he would leave the set every Friday before sundown. However, despite Hill's advance warnings, the show's producers were unprepared for his rigid adherence to the Sabbath, and on at least one occasion, Hill left the set while an episode was still in the midst of filming. The producers used a number of ways of reducing the role of Hill's character, Dan Briggs, whereby he would only obtain and hand out the mission details at the start of certain episodes, being unable to take further part in the mission as he was known to people they would encounter (used at least three times), or Briggs would need to don a disguise and another actor would then play his role incognito until the conclusion of the mission (and episode) when Briggs would peel off a face mask. On other occasions, Briggs was waiting to pick up the team at the end. Usually, Martin Landau's character (Rollin Hand) took over as the team leader for missions in Briggs' absence, Landau being initially a "special guest star" for the first season, not even included in the show's original opening credits.
According to Desilu executive Herb Solow, William Shatner once burst into his office, claiming "Steve asked me how many Jews worked on Star Trek. He was recruiting a prayer group of 10 guys to worship together on top of the studio's highest building and only had six Jews so far from Mission. He asked if I would come and bring Nimoy and Justman and you."
Hill was briefly suspended from the show near the end of the season, during the production of episode 23, titled "Action!" In it, for the only time, Barbara Bain's character Cinnamon Carter obtained the mission details through the taped instructions, even though Landau's character, Rollin Hand, then actually led the team. The suspension was imposed after he refused to climb the rafters via a soundstage staircase as was called for in the script. This incident was ostensibly unrelated to any religious observances of Hill's. Consequently, Hill was written out of that episode and when he returned to Mission: Impossible for the five remaining episodes of the season, his role was severely reduced. Hill was not asked to return for season two, and was replaced as the show's star by Peter Graves. No onscreen explanation was ever given regarding Dan Briggs' later absence from the series.
Hiatus and return to actingEdit
After appearing in Mission: Impossible, Hill did no acting work for the following 10 years. Hill had what he calls "tremendous periods of unemployment" in his career. "What we have here is a story of profound instability and impermanence," he said of his own career. "This is what you learn at the beginning in show business; then it gets planted in you forever." Hill left acting in 1967 and moved to a Jewish community in Rockland County, New York, where he worked in writing and real estate. Patrick J. White, in The Complete "Mission: Impossible" Dossier, quoted Hill as having said later, "I don't think an actor should act every single day. I don't think it's good for the so-called creative process. You must have periods when you leave the land fallow, let it revitalize itself." After 10 years, he was ready to begin acting again. "They say you can't quit show business," he said in 1977. "It took 10 years, but I couldn't get it out of my system. So I called an agent and put him to work."
Hill returned to work in the 1980s and 1990s, playing parental and authority-figure roles in such films as Yentl (1983), Garbo Talks (1984), Neil Simon's Brighton Beach Memoirs, Heartburn (1986), Running on Empty (1988), Billy Bathgate (1991), and The Firm (1993). Hill also appeared as a mob kingpin in Raw Deal (1986), an action vehicle for Arnold Schwarzenegger. Hill played New York District Attorney Bower in the 1986 comedy-drama Legal Eagles, foreshadowing his appearance as Adam Schiff in Law & Order.
Law & OrderEdit
Hill became best known, and to an even greater degree than from his role in Mission: Impossible, as Adam Schiff in the NBC TV drama series Law & Order, a part that he played for 10 seasons, from 1990 to 2000. Hill's character was loosely modeled on the real former district attorney of New York, Robert Morgenthau, and Morgenthau reportedly was a fan of the character. Hill admitted that he found the character of Adam Schiff the hardest role he ever had, because of all the legal jargon he had to learn. "It's like acting in a second language," said Hill. Hill added that he agreed with the show's philosophy, saying that "there's a certain positive statement in this show. So much is negative today. The positive must be stated to rescue us from pandemonium. To me it lies in that principle: law and order." Hill earned another Emmy nomination for Best Supporting Actor in a Dramatic Series in 1997.
At the time of his departure from Law & Order, Hill was the longest-serving member of the original cast (his tenure was twice that of runner up Chris Noth); by the time the series was cancelled in 2010, Hill was the fourth-longest serving cast member altogether (behind S. Epatha Merkerson at 17 seasons, Sam Waterston at 16, and Jerry Orbach at 11 and a half). Hill also appeared in commercials for TD Waterhouse, an investment brokerage firm, and was eventually replaced by fellow Law & Order castmate Sam Waterston.
Embrace of Orthodox JudaismEdit
In a 1969 interview with The Jewish Press, Hill said: "I used to ask myself 'Was I born just to memorize lines?' I knew there had to be more to life than that. I was searching—trying to find the answers—to find myself—and I did." Hill said that he went home to Seattle ten years earlier and was "feeling depressed because I seemed to be leading an aimless existence. Oh sure, I was a star with all the glamour and everything. But something was missing. My life seemed empty—meaningless."
Appearing as Sigmund Freud in the play A Far Country in 1961 had a profound effect on Hill. In one scene, a patient screams at Freud, "You are a Jew!" This caused Hill to think about his religion. "In the pause that followed I would think, 'What about this?' I slowly became aware that there was something more profound going on in the world than just plays and movies and TV shows. I was provoked to explore my religion."
He began to study Torah with Rabbi Yakov Yosef Twersky (1899–1968), the late Skverrer Rebbe, and started adhering to strict Orthodox Judaism, observing a kosher diet, praying three times a day, wearing a tallit katan (four-cornered fringed garment) beneath his clothes, and strictly observing Shabbat.This made Hill unavailable for Friday night or Saturday matinee performances, effectively ending his stage career and closing many film roles to him, most notably The Sand Pebbles.
One of his sons, Yehoshua Hill, was a rabbi.
Hill and his first wife, Selma Stern, were married in 1951 and had four children before divorcing in 1964. Hill married his second wife, Rachel, in 1967 and they had five children. Hill died of cancer in a New York hospital on August 23, 2016 at the age of 94. He resided in Monsey, New York, where he had lived for many years.
|1950||A Lady Without Passport||Jack|
|1958||The Goddess||John Tower||Credited as Steve Hill|
|1959||Kiss Her Goodbye||Ed Wilson|
|1963||A Child Is Waiting||Ted Widdicombe|
|1965||The Slender Thread||Mark Dyson|
|1970||Miracle of Survival: Israel's Heroic Battle for Life||Narrator|
|1980||It's My Turn||Jacob|
|Rich and Famous||Jules Levi|
|1983||Yentl||Reb Alter Vishkower|
|Garbo Talks||Walter Rolfe|
|1986||On Valentine's Day||George Tyler|
|Raw Deal||Martin Lamanski|
|Brighton Beach Memoirs||Mr. Stroheim|
|1988||Running on Empty||Mr. Patterson|
|The Boost||Max Sherman|
|1990||White Palace||Sol Horowitz|
|1991||Billy Bathgate||Otto Berman|
|1993||The Firm||F. Denton Voyles||Plays an FBI director|
|1949||Suspense||Guest star||Episode: "The Serpent Ring" (S 2:Ep 7)|
|Actors Studio||Guest star||4 episodes|
|1952||Schlitz Playhouse of Stars||Guest star||Episode: "The Man that I Marry" (S 1:Ep 16)|
|Danger||Guest star||Episode: "The Hero" (S 2:Ep 28)|
|Lux Video Theatre||Hank||Episode: "A Legacy For Love" (S 3:Ep 7)|
|1953||The Philco Television Playhouse||Guest Star||Episode: "The Long Way Home" (S 5:Ep 17)|
|1954||Goodyear Television Playhouse||Mr. Frank||Episode: "The Inward Eye" (S 3:Ep 11)|
|1954||Goodyear Television Playhouse||Guest star||Episode: "The Arena" (S 3:Ep 21)|
|The Philco Television Playhouse||George||Episode: "Middle of the Night" (S 7:p 1)|
|The Philco Television Playhouse||Horace Mann Borden||Episode: "Man on the Mountain" (S 7:Ep 3)|
|1956||Playwrights '56||Walter Uhlan||Episode: "Lost" (S 1:Ep 9)|
|1957||Studio One||Slim Breedlove||Episode: "The Traveling Lady" (S 9:Ep 28)|
|Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Joe Kedzie||Episode: "Enough Rope for Two" (S 3:Ep 7)|
|1958||DuPont Show of the Month||Guest star||Episode:"The Bridge of San Luis Rey" (S 1:Ep 5)|
|1959||Playhouse 90||Agustin||Episodes: |
|1960||Playhouse 90||Dr. Edward Gutera||Episode: "Journey to the Day" (S 4:Ep 14)|
|Sunday Showcase||Bartolomeo Vanzetti||Episodes: |
|The Untouchables||Jack "Legs" Diamond||Episode: "Jack "Legs" Diamond" (S 2:Ep 2)|
|1961||Adventures in Paradise||B.E. Langard||Episode: "Act of Piracy" (S 2:Ep 18)|
|1962||Route 66||Frank Madera||Episode: "A City of Wheels" (S 2:Ep 17)|
|The Untouchables||Joseph December Jr.||Episode: "Downfall" (S 3:Ep 22)|
|The Eleventh Hour||Guest star||Episode: "There Are Dragons in This Forest" (S 1:Ep 2)|
|Ben Casey||Ollie||Episode: "Legacy From A Stranger" (S 2:Ep 4)|
|1962||Dr. Kildare||Dr. Chandra Ramid||Episode: "The Cobweb Chain" (S 2:Ep 8)|
|1963||Ben Casey||Dr. Keith Bernard||Episode: "I'll Be Alright In The Morning" (S 2:Ep 14)|
|Naked City||Stanley||Episode: "Barefoot on a Bed of Coals" (S 4:Ep 34)|
|Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre||Ruben Fare||Episode: "Something About Lee Wiley" (S 1:Ep 2)|
|Espionage||Andrew Evans||Episode: "The Incurable One" (S 1:Ep 3)|
|1964||The Greatest Show on Earth||Guest star||Episode: "Corsicans Don't Cry" (S 1:Ep 16)|
|Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Charlie Osgood||Episode: "Who Needs an Enemy?"" (S 2:Ep 28)|
|1965||Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Robert Manners||Episode: "Thanatos Place Hotel" (S 3:Ep 15)|
|Kraft Suspense Theatre||Guest star||Episode: "The Safe House" (S 2:Ep 26)|
|Rawhide||Marty Brown||Episode: "The Gray Rock Hotel" (S 7:Ep 30)|
|1966||The Fugitive||Glenn Madison||Episode: "The White Knight" (S 3:Ep 26)|
|1966–67||Mission: Impossible||Dan Briggs||Main cast|
|1977||The Andros Targets||Ed Conway||Episode: "In The Event of my Death" (S 1:Ep 4)|
|1978||King||Stanley Levison||TV miniseries|
|1984–85||One Life to Live||Aristotle Descamedes||Recurring|
|1986||Between Two Women||Teddy Petherton||TV Movie|
|1988||Thirtysomethng||Leo Steadman||Episode: "Business as Usual" (S 1:Ep 15)|
|1989||Columbo||Mr. Marosco||Episode: "Murder, Smoke and Shadows" (S 8:Ep 2)|
|1990–2000||Law & Order||Adam Schiff||Main cast, (final appearance)|
|2000||Law & Order: Special Victims Unit||Adam Schiff||Episode: "Entitled" (S 1:Ep 15)|
|2003||E's 101: Most Shocking Moments in Entertainment||Interview|
- "Steven Hill".
- Law & Order: The Unofficial Companion
- Joseph F. Clarke (1977). Pseudonyms. BCA. p. 84.
- Adrian Room (1 July 2010). Dictionary of Pseudonyms: 13,000 Assumed Names and Their Origins, 5th ed. McFarland. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-7864-5763-2.
- "1940 Census, Accessed via Ancestry Library Edition". ancestrylibrary.proquest.com. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
- "Signoff; On 'Law and Order,' a Real Idealist", The New York Times, February 2, 1996.
- "Steven Hill Biography". biography.com. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- Gates, Anita (August 23, 2016). "Steven Hill, Who Starred on 'Law & Order' and 'Mission: Impossible,' Dies at 94". New York Times. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
- "Monsey actor Steven Hill dies, starred in 'Law & Order'". lohud.com. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
- ""Sol Krakovsky, Junior," listing with photograph, US School Yearbooks, University of Washington, 1942, accessed via Ancestry Library Edition". ancestrylibrary.proquest.com. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
- Koseluk, Chris. "Steven Hill, District Attorney Adam Schiff on 'Law & Order,' Dies at 94". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
- Purdum, Todd (March 6, 2005), "Mister Roberts' Goes to Washington", The New York Times.
- Robert Lewis (1996) . "Actors Studio, 1947". Slings and Arrows: Theater in My Life. New York: Applause Books. p. 183. ISBN 1-55783-244-7.
At the end of the summer, on Gadget's return from Hollywood, we settled the roster of actors for our two classes in what we called the Actors Studio - using the word 'studio' as we had when we named our workshop in the Group, the Group Theatre Studio... My group, meeting three times a week, consisted of Marlon Brando, Montgomery Clift, Maureen Stapleton, Eli Wallach, Mildred Dunnock, Jerome Robbins, Herbert Berghof, Tom Ewell, John Forsythe, Anne Jackson, Sidney Lumet, Kevin McCarthy, Karl Malden, E.G. Marshall, Patricia Neal, Beatrice Straight, David Wayne, and - well, I don't want to drop names, so I'll stop there. In all, there were about fifty.
- Dick Kleiner: "The Actors Studio: Making Stars Out of the Unknown," The Sarasota Journal (Friday, December 21, 1956), p. 26. "That first year, they interviewed around 700 actors and picked 50. In that first group were people like Marlon Brando, Montgomery Clift, Tom Ewell, John Forsythe, Julie Harris, Kim Hunter, Karl Malden, E.G. Marshall, Margaret Phillips, Maureen Stapleton, Kim Stanley, Jo Van Fleet, Eli Wallach, Ray Walston, and David Wayne."
- Sobiski, John, Steven Hill: Hollywood's Most Talented Curmudgeon.
- "Theater: New Play on Broadway". Time. April 14, 1961. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
- Zolotow, Sam (December 22, 1960), "Co-Stars Named for 'Far Country'", The New York Times.
- "'Far Country' Not Given", The New York Times, April 12, 1961.
- Esterow, Milton (April 13, 1962), "Director with Actor Complex Replaces Ill Star in Freud Role", The New York Times.
- Solow, H; Justman, R (1996), Inside Star Trek: The Real Story, Pocket Books, p. 99.
- White 1991, pp. 98–99.
- White 1991, pp. 60–61, 100.
- "New Play on Broadway", The New Times, April 14, 1961.
- Kitman, Marvin (2000-08-02). "Another crime perpetrated on 'Law & Order'". Entertainment. CNN. Archived from the original on 2006-12-05. Retrieved 2008-07-01.
- "Robert Morgenthau", J source (Biography), Jewish virtual library.
- "Robert Morgenthau — Manhattan DA", NY Mag.
- Zalman, Jonathan (2016-08-25). "The Moment Steven Hill Knew He Had to Become Closer to Judaism". Tablet Magazine. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
- BENSOUSSAN, Barbara (June 30, 2010), "The Master Storyteller: Rabbi Yehoshua Leib Hill Tells His Story", Mishpacha (315).
- Gates, Anita (2016-08-23). "Steven Hill, Who Starred on 'Law & Order' and 'Mission: Impossible,' Dies at 94". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
- "Petira of R' Shlomo (Steven) Hill Z'L [UPDATED]". Retrieved 2016-10-22.
- Dagan, Carmel (2016-08-23). "Steven Hill, D.A. Adam Schiff on 'Law & Order,' Dies at 94". Variety. Retrieved 2016-10-22.
- Barnes & Noble, Miracle of Survival: Israel's Heroic Battle for Life.
- The Classic TV Archive, The Andros Targets (1977).
- Schemering, Christopher (September 1985). "One Life to Live". The Soap Opera Encyclopedia. Ballantine Books. pp. 158–166. ISBN 0-345-32459-5.
- Waggett, Gerard J. (November 1997). "One Life to Live". The Soap Opera Encyclopedia. Harper Paperbacks. pp. 163–188. ISBN 0-06-101157-6.
- White, P (1991), The Complete Mission: Impossible Dossier, Avon Books.