Dr. Kildare (TV series)
Dr. Kildare is an NBC medical drama television series which originally ran from September 28, 1961, until August 30, 1966, for a total of 191 episodes over five seasons. Produced by MGM Television, it was based on fictional doctor characters originally created by author Max Brand in the 1930s and previously used by MGM in a popular film series and radio drama. The TV series quickly achieved success and made a star of Richard Chamberlain, who played the title role. Dr. Kildare (along with an ABC medical drama, Ben Casey, which premiered at the same time) inspired or influenced many later TV shows dealing with the medical field.
|Created by||James Komack|
|Starring||Richard Chamberlain |
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||5|
|No. of episodes||191 (list of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Norman Felton|
|Running time||60 minutes (seasons 1-4)|
30 minutes (season 5)
|Production company(s)||Arena Productions|
|Picture format||Black-and-white (1961-65) |
|Original release||September 28, 1961 –|
August 30, 1966
Dr. Kildare aired on NBC affiliate stations on Thursday nights at 8:30-9:30 PM from September 28, 1961 until September 1965, when the timeslot was changed to Monday and Tuesday nights at 8:30-9:00 PM until the end of the show's run on August 30, 1966.
Like the earlier MGM film series (1938-1942), the TV series initially told the story of young intern Dr. James Kildare (Richard Chamberlain) working at the fictional large metropolitan "Blair General Hospital" and trying to learn his profession, deal with patients' problems, and win the respect of the senior Dr. Leonard Gillespie (Raymond Massey). In the series' third episode, "Shining Image," Gillespie tells the earnest Kildare, "Our work is to keep people alive. We can’t tell them how to live any more than how to die." Kildare ignores the advice, which provides the basis for stories over the next four seasons, many with a soap opera touch. By the third season, Dr. Kildare was promoted to resident and episodes began to focus less on him and his medical colleagues, and more on the stories of individual patients and their families.
In order to create realistic scripts, the series' first writer, E. Jack Neuman, spent several months working alongside interns in a large hospital. Episodes frequently highlighted diseases or medical conditions that had not been widely discussed on television, including drug addiction, sickle cell anemia and epilepsy. Episodes about venereal disease (personally requested by President Lyndon B. Johnson) and the birth control pill were written, but never produced due to network objections. Technical advice was provided by the American Medical Association, whose name appeared in the end credits of each episode.
The series was initially formatted as self-contained one-hour episodes, aired once per week. In later seasons, a trend towards serialization, inspired by the success of the prime time soap opera Peyton Place, caused the network to develop some Dr. Kildare storylines over multiple episodes and, in the final season, to air two separate half-hour episodes each week instead of a single one-hour episode.
An unsold and unaired pilot was shot in 1960 featuring Joseph Cronin as "Dr. Kildare" and Lew Ayres as "Dr. Gillespie". As a younger man, Ayres had played the role of Kildare for many years in the earlier MGM film and radio series. Later, a second, successful pilot was made with Richard Chamberlain as Kildare and Raymond Massey as Gillespie.
Before the little-known Chamberlain was cast, the Kildare role was offered to William Shatner and James Franciscus, who both turned it down. The role catapulted Chamberlain to fame. In 2006, Chamberlain reprised the Kildare role in a parody of Grey's Anatomy (along with other famous TV doctors from Julia, St. Elsewhere, M*A*S*H and The Love Boat) on the 2006 TV Land Awards.
Massey accepted the role of "Dr. Gillespie" thinking that it would last only one season, leaving him time to accept feature film roles. Instead, the time demands of appearing in a multiple-season hit series prevented Massey from appearing in any films for the duration of the series' run.
Supporting cast members with recurring roles included Ken Berry as "Dr. John Kapish", Jean Inness as "Nurse Beatrice Fain", Eddie Ryder as "Dr. Simon Agurski", Jud Taylor (who also directed several episodes) as "Dr. Thomas Gerson", Steve Bell as "Dr. Quint Lowry", Clegg Hoyt as "Mac", Jo Helton as "Nurse Conant", and Lee Kurty as "Nurse Zoe Lawton." 
- Eddie Albert
- Jack Albertson
- Fred Astaire
- Ed Asner
- Mary Astor
- Lauren Bacall
- Barbara Barrie
- Anne Baxter
- Ed Begley
- Charles Bickford
- Joan Blondell
- Tom Bosley
- Beau Bridges
- Charles Bronson
- James Caan
- John Cassavetes
- Joseph Cotten
- Robert Culp
- Ossie Davis
- Ruby Dee
- Angie Dickinson
- Olympia Dukakis
- Barbara Eden
- Linda Evans
- Douglas Fairbanks Jr.
- Peter Falk
- Ron Howard
- Kim Hunter
- Brian Keith
- Ted Knight
- Harvey Korman
- Celeste Holm
- Carolyn Jones
- James Earl Jones
- Cloris Leachman
- Jack Lord
- Dorothy Malone
- Lee Marvin
- James Mason
- Walter Matthau
- Mercedes McCambridge
- Gavin McLeod
- Yvette Mimieux
- Sal Mineo
- Ricardo Montalban
- Harry Morgan
- Jack Nicholson
- Leonard Nimoy
- Ramon Novarro
- Margaret O'Brien
- Carroll O'Connor
- Walter Pidgeon
- Suzanne Pleshette
- Claude Rains
- Basil Rathbone
- Robert Redford
- Robert Reed
- Gena Rowlands
- William Shatner
- Jean Stapleton
- Gloria Swanson
- Rip Torn
- Diane Varsi
- Lesley Ann Warren
- Sam Waterston
- Robert Young
The series quickly became a top ten hit in its first season, and remained in the top 20 during its second and third seasons, drawing as many as 12,000 fan letters each week. Its success spawned a number of merchandising tie-ins featuring the likeness or endorsement of Chamberlain as Kildare, including novels, comics, toys and games, candy bars, and records of Chamberlain singing songs featured on the show. Chamberlain had a hit single, "Theme from Dr. Kildare (Three Stars Will Shine Tonight)," in which he sang romantic lyrics set to the music from the show's familiar opening theme. Largely as a result of the show, Chamberlain became a teen idol during the 1960s.
The show's influence was so great that viewers would sometimes write to Chamberlain asking "Dr. Kildare" for medical advice. According to Mort Fleischmann, a former promotions executive for NBC, at one point the network promoted the show by having "Dr. Kildare" paged as if he were a real doctor on the public announcement system in airports, train stations, and bus stations across the United States.
In the later seasons of the series, a decline in ratings (possibly coupled with a high asking price for sponsor advertisements) led to the series' cancellation in 1966. Despite its cancellation, the Dr. Kildare series continued to influence many later television medical dramas.
Warner Bros. has released all five seasons on DVD-R in Region 1 via their Warner Archive Collection. These are Manufacture-on-Demand (MOD) releases, available via WBShop.com & Amazon.com.
|DVD Name||Ep #||Release Date|
|The Complete First Season||33||April 16, 2013|
|The Complete Second Season||34||January 28, 2014|
|The Complete Third Season||34||June 3, 2014|
|The Complete Fourth Season||34||April 28, 2015|
|The Complete Fifth Season||58||March 8, 2016|
The unaired 1960 pilot episode starring Lew Ayres was also released on DVD by Warners as an extra included with the DVD release of their "Dr. Kildare Movie Collection" (compiling all the MGM Kildare films) via Warner Archive Collection in 2014.
The DVD release of "Dr. Kildare: The Complete First Season" included, as an extra, the original never-aired pilot episode for the 1962 psychiatric medical drama series The Eleventh Hour, in which Dr. Kildare (Chamberlain) and Dr. Gillespie (Massey) appear assisting "Dr. Theodore Bassett" (a psychiatrist character played by Wendell Corey) in diagnosing patient Ann Costigan (played by guest star Vera Miles). The episode was initially meant to air as an episode of Dr. Kildare, but was instead reworked to cut out Chamberlain and Massey's parts and remove all Kildare and Gillespie references before airing on October 3, 1962 as the debut episode of The Eleventh Hour TV series, entitled "Ann Costigan: A Duel on a Field of White."
The series theme was composed by Jerry Goldsmith (credited here as Jerrald Goldsmith). In 2009 Film Score Monthly released a three-disc set of original music from the series, featuring Goldsmith's theme and his scores for the pilot and four season one episodes, plus further scores by Harry Sukman (the series' most frequent composer), Richard Markowitz, Morton Stevens, Lalo Schifrin and John Green. (Stevens' represented work includes his music for the three-part "Rome Will Never Leave You," which incorporates an original song composed by Burt Bacharach.) The album also includes music from the original unaired 1960 pilot adapted by Alexander Courage from Bronislau Kaper's theme for The Power and the Prize, and Richard Chamberlain's recording of "Three Stars Will Shine Tonight."
A second television series, titled Young Dr. Kildare, premiered in first-run syndication in 1972. Starring Mark Jenkins as Dr. Kildare and Gary Merrill as Dr. Gillespie, it lasted for only one season of 24 episodes.
- "The Doctor Is Out". EW.com. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
- "TV VIEW; More Than Just Another Dr. Kildare". Nytimes.com. November 5, 1989. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
- Bruce Carson, Margaret Llewellyn-Jones: Frames and fictions on television: the politics of identity within drama, Intellect Books 2002, ISBN 184150050X, S. 52.
- Newcomb, Horace, ed. Encyclopedia of Television (2nd ed.). Routledge (Taylor & Francis), 2013, p. 756-757. ISBN 978-0-203-93734-1.
- "Dr. Kildare Episode Guide", TV.com. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
- LaFollette, Marcel Chotkowski. Science on American Television: A History. Univ. of Chicago Press, 2013, p. 65-67. ISBN 978-0-226-92199-0.
- Brooks, Tim, and Earle Marsh. The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946-Present (9th ed.). Ballantine Books (Random House), 2007, p. 371, 1584-1589. ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4.
- "Shining Image". Dr. Kildare. Season 1.
- Stempel, Tom. Storytellers to the Nation: A History of American Television Writing. Syracuse Univ. Press, 1996, p. 90-91. ISBN 0-8156-0368-1.
- Newman, Michael Z. and Elana Levine. Legitimating Television: Media Convergence and Cultural Status. Routledge, 2012, p. 101. ISBN 978-0-415-88025-1.
- Terrace, Vincent. Encyclopedia of Television Pilots, 1937-2012. McFarland & Co., 2013, p. 77. ISBN 978-0-7864-7445-5.
- News Brief (mentioning test film for new "Dr. Kildare" TV series starring Lew Ayres and Joseph Cronin), TV Guide, Feb. 20, 1960.
- Gussow, Mel, "Lew Ayres, Actor, Dies at 88; Conscience Bound His Career." New York Times, Jan 1, 1997.
- Coffin, Lesley L. Lew Ayres: Hollywood's Conscientious Objector. Univ. Press of Mississippi, 2012, p. 151. ISBN 978-1-61703-637-8.
- Shatner, William, with David Fisher. Up Till Now: The Autobiography. Thomas Dunne Books (St. Martin's Press), 2008, p. 94-95. ISBN 978-0-312-37265-1.
- "Artists' Biographies - Richard Chamberlain (MGM)," Billboard, June 9, 1962, p. 36.
- Reed, Maxine K. and Robert M. Reed. The Encyclopedia of Television, Cable and Video. Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1992, p. 105. ISBN 978-1-4684-6523-5.
- "It's a Parade of Stars as TV Land Honors Dallas, Cheers, Good Times, Batman, and Grey's Anatomy" (Press release). Santa Monica, California: TV Land. PR Newswire. March 19, 2006. Archived from the original on September 21, 2016. Retrieved September 21, 2016.
TV's most beloved classic TV stars spoofed one of television's most popular dramas, Grey's Anatomy in a parody starring several classic TV stars -- several of whom appeared in popular medical dramas -- including Bernie Kopell, Chad Everett, Diahann Carroll, Ed Begley, Jr., Loretta Swit, Richard Chamberlain, Jane Seymour as well as Larry Hagman, Maureen McCormick and Jimmy 'JJ' Walker.
- Polk, Chris (March 9, 2006). "Land Awards Spoof of 'Grey's Anatomy'". Gettyimages.com. Getty Images. Retrieved January 15, 2016.
- Stempel, p. 91.
- Shearer, Stephen Michael. Gloria Swanson: The Ultimate Star. Thomas Dunne Books (St. Martin's Press), 2013, p. 365. ISBN 978-1-250-00155-9.
- Eastman, Janet. "Time After Time: Richard Chamberlain Masters Success on Stage and Screen." Orange Coast Magazine, Sept. 1986, p. 18.
- Fleischmann, Mort (2008). Who Cares?. Raleigh, North Carolina: Lulu. pp. 183–184. ISBN 978-1-4357-1600-1.
- LaFollette, p. 66.
- "Warner Archive Releases 'The Complete 1st Season' on DVD Today". Tvshowsondvd.com. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
- "Warner Archive Schedules 'The Complete 2nd Season' on DVD". Tvshowsondvd.com. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
- "Now Available: 'The Complete 3rd Season' 9-DVD Set!". Tvshowsondvd.com. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
- Warner Archive Collection - Dr. Kildare: The Complete Fourth Series (BTB)(MOD), WBshop.com. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
- 'The Complete 5th Season' - Its Last - Is Officially Announced! Archived February 26, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
- Mavis, Paul. "Dr. Kildare Movie Collection (Warner Archive Collection)" (DVD review). DVDtalk.com, March 16, 2014. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- ComicMix Staff, "Never-Aired Pilot Highlights Dr. Kildare The Complete First Season." Comicmix.com, April 17, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
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