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Spanish passports are issued to Spanish citizens for the purpose of travel outside Spain. Every Spanish citizen is also a citizen of the European Union. The passport, along with the national identity card allows for free rights of movement and residence in any of the states of the European Union and European Economic Area.

Spanish passport
Pasaporte Español 2009.jpg
Front cover of a contemporary Spanish biometric passport
The data page of a contemporary Spanish biometric passport
Date first issuedJanuary 2, 2015 (current version)
August 14, 2006 (biometric passport)
Issued by Spain
Type of documentPassport
Eligibility requirementsSpanish citizenship
ExpirationSpanish passports expire 5 years after issuance when borne by citizens up to the age of 30, and 10 years for citizens aged 30-70; for travelers aged 70 and above, passports do not expire



  • Ordinary Passport (Spanish: Pasaporte ordinario) - Issued for ordinary travel, such as vacations and business trips
  • Collective Passport (Spanish: Pasaporte colectivo) - Issued for the occasion of pilgrimages, excursions and other acts of analogous nature, whenever reciprocity with the destiny country exists; its validity is limited a single trip, whose duration will not be able to exceed three months.
  • Diplomatic Passport (Spanish: Pasaporte diplomático) - Issued to Spanish diplomats, top ranking government officials and diplomatic couriers.
  • Official and Service Passports (Spanish: Pasaportes oficiales y de servicio)- Issued to individuals representing the Spanish government on official business

Visa free travelEdit

Visa requirements for Spanish citizens
  Freedom of movement
  Visa not required
  Visa on arrival
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival

As of January 2019, Spanish citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 186 countries and territories, ranking the ordinary Spanish passport 5th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley visa restrictions index.[2]

Spanish citizens can live and work in any country within the EU as a result of the right of free movement and residence granted in Article 21 of the EU Treaty.[3]

Visa duration (in some countries)Edit






See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Pasaporte
  2. ^ "Global Ranking - Visa Restriction Index 2019" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 9 Jan 2019.
  3. ^ Treaty on the Function of the European Union (consolidated version)