Spain at the 1992 Summer Paralympics

In 1992, Spain had competitors in archery, wheelchair basketball, swimming, weightlifting, shooting, boccia, cycling, fencing, judo, tennis, 7-per-side football, table tennis and athletics.[1]

Spain at the
1992 Summer Paralympics
Flag of Spain.svg
IPC codeESP
NPCSpanish Paralympic Committee
Websitewww.paralimpicos.es (in Spanish)
in Barcelona
Medals
Ranked 5th
Gold
34
Silver
31
Bronze
42
Total
107
Summer Paralympics appearances (overview)

Spain won 34 gold medal, 31 silver medals and 42 bronze medals.[1] Spain finished fifth in total medals.[2]

BackgroundEdit

The Games were held in Barcelona. Competitors with spinal cord injuries, amputations, cerebral palsy, Les Autres and vision impairments were eligible to compete in these Games.[3]

HostingEdit

In 1992, the Games were held at home for Spain, with the Games being staged in Barcelona.[4] 82 countries participated.[5] These were the first Games to be broadcast live on television.[6] The Games used the same venues as the Summer Olympics.[7]

Organizers decided to not charge an admission fee to events in order to attempt to foster interest locally in disability sport.[8] Domestically, there was very little interest in the Paralympic Games when compared to the Olympic Games.[2]

Intellectual disabilitiesEdit

A separate competition was held in Madrid where competitors with intellectual disabilities competed that ran immediately following the completion of the 1992 Paralympics. The Games were sponsored by the Association Nacional Prestura de Servicio (ANDE) and sanctioned by the International Coordinating Committee of World Sport Organizations for the Disabled and the International Association of Sport for the Mentally Handicapped Spain led efforts to include competitors with intellectual disabilities into the Paralympic movement, creating an international federation for these competitors in 1986.[9][10][11]

ArcheryEdit

1 of Spain's silver medals came in archery. It was won by an archer with a physical disability.[1]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's teams open
details
  South Korea (KOR)
Hyun Kwan Cho
Sung Hee Kim
Hak Young Lee
  Spain (ESP)
Jose Luis Hermosin
Jose Fernandez
Antonio Rebollo
  France (FRA)
Jean-Michel Favre
Jean Francois Garcia
Rene Le Bras

AthleticsEdit

22 of Spain's gold medals, 14 silver medals and 12 bronze medals came in athletics. 35 medals were won by athletes with vision impairments, 9 by athletes with physical disabilities and 4 by athletes with cerebral palsy.[1]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 m B1
details
Sergei Sevastianov
  Unified Team
José Manuel Rodríguez
  Spain
Júlio Requena
  Spain
100 m B2
details
Marcelino Paz
  Spain
Omar Turro
  Cuba
Miroslaw Pych
  Poland
200 m B1
details
Carlos Conceicao
  Portugal
Julio Requena
  Spain
Darren Collins
  Australia
200 m B2
details
Marcelino Paz
  Spain
Ingo Geffers
  Germany
Omar Turro
  Cuba
200 m C8
details
Frank Bruno
  Canada
Hoon Son
  South Korea
Jose Manuel González
  Spain
400 m B2
details
Omar Turro
  Cuba
Jose Antonio Sanchez
  Spain
Ingo Geffers
  Germany
400 m C8
details
Frank Bruno
  Canada
Javier Salmeron
  Spain
José Manuel González
  Spain
800 m B2
details
Waldemar Kikolski
  Poland
Jose Antonio Sanchez
  Spain
Noel Thatcher
  Great Britain
800 m TS4
details
Javier Conde
  Spain
Patrice Gerges
  France
Sergey Silchenco
  Unified Team
1500 m B2
details
Noel Thatcher
  Great Britain
Waldemar Kikolski
  Poland
Jose Antonio Sanchez
  Spain
1500 m TS4
details
Javier Conde
  Spain
Sergey Silchenco
  Unified Team
Yan Jian Wu
  China
5000 m B2
details
Mariano Ruiz
  Spain
Waldemar Kikolski
  Poland
Michel Pavon
  France
5000 m TS4
details
Javier Conde
  Spain
Yan Jian Wu
  China
Angel Marin
  Spain
10000 m TS4
details
Javier Conde
  Spain
Angel Marin
  Spain
Sergey Silchenco
  Unified Team
Marathon B2
details
Stephen Brunt
  Great Britain
José Ortiz
  Spain
Paul Collet
  France
4 × 100 m relay B1–B3
details
  Spain (ESP)
Jorge Nunez
Marcelino Paz
Juan Antonio Prieto
Júlio Requena
  Great Britain (GBR)
Andrew Curtis
Robert Latham
Brinley Reynolds
Mark Whiteley
  United States (USA)
Andre Asbury
Brian Pegram
Chris Piper
Courtney Williams
4 × 100 m relay C5–8
details
  United States (USA)
Freeman Register
James Anderson
Gregory Taylor
Thomas Dietz
  Spain (ESP)
Javier Salmeron
Marcelino Saavedra
Julian Galilea
José Manuel González
  Portugal (POR)
Stos. Correia
Antonio Jose Silva
Jose Dias
Mario Santos
4 × 400 m relay B1–B3
details
  Spain (ESP)
Jose Antonio Sanchez
Sergio Sanchez
Juan Antonio Prieto
Enrique Sanchez
  Great Britain (GBR)
Simon Butler
Andrew Curtis
Noel Thatcher
Mark Whiteley
  Italy (ITA)
Vincenzo Ciacio
Claudio Costa
Sandro Filipozzi
Aldo Manganaro
High jump B2
details
Alejo Velez
  Spain
Juan Carlos Prieto
  Spain
Mohamad Othman
  Malaysia
Akihito Motohashi
  Japan
Long jump B2
details
Wentao Huang
  China
Juan Viedma
  Spain
Koichi Takada
  Japan
Long jump J4
details
Ruben Alvarez
  Spain
Georgios Toptsis
  Greece
Patrice Gerges
  France
Triple jump B1
details
José Manuel Rodríguez
  Spain
Sergei Sevastianov
  Unified Team
Robert Latham
  Great Britain
Triple jump B2
details
Juan Viedma
  Spain
Aleksei Lashmanov
  Unified Team
Wentao Huang
  China
Triple jump J3–4
details
Shao Yang
  China
Lin Qiu
  China
Ruben Alvarez
  Spain
Discus throw B1
details
Alfonso Fidalgo
  Spain
Siegmund Turteltaube
  Germany
Richard Ruffalo
  United States
Javelin throw B1
details
Jorge Mendoza
  Spain
Richard Ruffalo
  United States
Mineho Ozaki
  Japan
Shot put B1
details
Alfonso Fidalgo
  Spain
Andres Martinez
  Spain
James Mastro
  United States
Pentathlon B1
details
Sergei Sevastianov
  Unified Team
Vytautas Girnius
  Lithuania
Jorge Mendoza
  Spain
Pentathlon B2
details
Miroslaw Pych
  Poland
Juan Antonio Prieto
  Spain
Frantisek Godri
  Czechoslovakia
Pentathlon PW3–4
details
Vojtech Vasicek
  Czechoslovakia
Jose Abal
  Spain
Kevin Saunders
  United States
100 m B1
details
Purificacion Santamarta
  Spain
Purificacion Ortiz
  Spain
Tracey Hinton
  Great Britain
100 m B2
details
Adria Santos
  Brazil
Rima Batalova
  Unified Team
Beatriz Mendoza
  Spain
200 m B1
details
Purificacion Santamarta
  Spain
Tracey Hinton
  Great Britain
Purificacion Ortiz
  Spain
200 m B2
details
Rima Batalova
  Unified Team
Marsha Green
  Australia
Beatriz Mendoza
  Spain
400 m B1
details
Purificacion Santamarta
  Spain
Tracey Hinton
  Great Britain
Sigita Kriaučiūnienė
  Lithuania
800 m B1
details
Purificacion Santamarta
  Spain
Sigita Kriaučiūnienė
  Lithuania
Pavla Valnickova
  Czechoslovakia
1500 m B1
details
Pavla Valnickova
  Czechoslovakia
Sigita Kriaučiūnienė
  Lithuania
Mayte Espinosa
  Spain
Long jump B1
details
Purificacion Ortiz
  Spain
Anette Burger
  Germany
Kerstin Gaedicke
  Germany
Long jump B2
details
Raisa Zhuravleva
  Unified Team
Magdalena Amo
  Spain
Ana Lopez
  Spain

BocciaEdit

2 of Spain's gold medals came in boccia. Both were won by players with cerebral palsy.[1]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Mixed individual C1
details
Antonio Cid
  Spain
James Thomson
  United States
Henrik Jorgensen
  Denmark
Mixed team C1–C2
details
  Spain (ESP)
Manuel Fernandez
Daniel Outeiro
Juan Tellechea
Antonio Cid
  Denmark (DEN)
Henrik Jorgensen
Mansoor Siddiqi
Lone Bak-Pedersen
Tove Jacobsen
  Ireland (IRL)
Martin McDonagh
Thomas Leahy
Jason Kearney
William Johnston

CyclingEdit

1 of Spain's gold medals and 3 bronze medals came in cycling. 2 medals were won by athletes with vision impairments, and 2 with physical disabilities.[1]

Event Gold Silver Bronze Jong Kil Kim
  South Korea
Men's road race LC1
details
Francisco Trujillo
  France
Wolfgang Eibeck
  Austria
Jose Antonio Garcia
  Spain
Men's road race LC3
details
Norbert Zettler
  Austria
Pier Beltram
  United States
Miguel Perez
  Spain
Men's tandem open
details
  Germany (GER)
Hans-Jorg Furrer
Frank Hoefle
  Netherlands (NED)
Catharinus Beumer
Jan Mulder
  Spain (ESP)
Jose Santiago
Juan Carlos Molina
Mixed tandem open
details
  Spain (ESP)
Ignacio Rodriguez
Belen Perez
  United States (USA)
Elizabeth Heller
Gregory Evangelatos
  Italy (ITA)
Maria Erlacher
Klaus Fruet

Wheelchair fencingEdit

1 of Spain's gold medals and 2 bronze medals came in fencing. All were won by fencers with physical disabilities.[1]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Épée 2
details
Esther Weber
  Germany
Mariella Bertini
  Italy
Gema Victoria Hassen Bey
  Spain
Épée 3–4
details
Francisca Bazalo
  Spain
Josette Bourgain
  France
Laura Presutto
  Italy
Team épée
details
  Italy (ITA)
Mariella Bertini
Rossana Giarrizzo
Laura Presutto
Deborah Taffoni
  France (FRA)
Josette Bourgain
Patricia Picot
Veronique Soetemondt
  Spain (ESP)
Francisca Bazalo
Gema Victoria Hassen Bey
Cristina Perez

JudoEdit

1 of Spain's gold medals, 1 silver medal came in athletics. Both were won by athletes with vision impairments.[1]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's 65 kg
details
Juan Damian Matos
  Spain
Shinichi Ishizue
  Japan
Akhmed Gazimagomedov
  Unified Team
Michael Murch
  Great Britain
Men's 71 kg
details
Simon Jackson
  Great Britain
Mario Talavera
  Spain
Pier Morten
  Canada
Eiji Miyauchi
  Japan

ShootingEdit

1 of Spain's silver medals came in shooting. It was won by a shooter with a physical disability.[1]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Mixed sport pistol SH1–3
details
Jan Boonen
  Belgium
Luis Salgado
  Spain
Hubert Aufschnaiter
  Austria

SwimmingEdit

7 of Spain's gold medals, 14 silver medals and 22 bronze medals came in swimming. 9 medals were won by swimmers with vision impairments, 28 by swimmers with physical disabilities and 6 by swimmers with cerebral palsy.[1]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
50 m butterfly S5
details
Pascal Pinard
  France
Thierry le Gloanic
  France
Javier Torres
  Spain
50 m butterfly S6
details
David Foppolo
  France
Peter Lund
  Denmark
Jesus Iglesias
  Spain
50 m freestyle B2
details
Christopher Holmes
  Great Britain
Pablo Corral
  Spain
Kingsley Bugarin
  Australia
Fredrik Nasman
  Sweden
50 m freestyle S3
details
Jean-Louis Flamengo
  France
Jordi Pascual
  Spain
Tommy Hunter
  Great Britain
50 m freestyle S4
details
Pierre Bellot
  France
Gene Viens
  United States
Pau Marc Munoz
  Spain
50 m freestyle S6
details
Peter Lund
  Denmark
Jesus Iglesias
  Spain
Kevin Sullivan
  United States
100 m breaststroke B1
details
Christian Bundgaard
  Denmark
John Morgan
  United States
Jordi Mari
  Spain
100 m breaststroke B2
details
Vitalii Krylov
  Unified Team
Kingsley Bugarin
  Australia
Jose Pedrajas
  Spain
100 m breaststroke SB3
details
Bernd Eickemeyer
  Germany
John Petersson
  Denmark
Javier Torres
  Spain
100 m breaststroke SB6
details
Matthias Schlubeck
  Germany
Simon Ahlstad
  Sweden
Juan Castane
  Spain
100 m butterfly B1–2
details
John Morgan
  United States
Tim Reddish
  Great Britain
Pablo Corral
  Spain
100 m freestyle B2
details
Christopher Holmes
  Great Britain
Pablo Corral
  Spain
Tim Reddish
  Great Britain
100 m freestyle S3
details
Jean-Louis Flamengo
  France
Tommy Hunter
  Great Britain
Jordi Pascual
  Spain
100 m freestyle S4
details
Pierre Bellot
  France
Pau Marc Munoz
  Spain
Stig Morten Sandvik
  Norway
100 m freestyle S6
details
Peter Lund
  Denmark
Kevin Sullivan
  United States
Jesus Iglesias
  Spain
150 m individual medley SM3
details
Jean-Louis Flamengo
  France
Kenneth Cairns
  Great Britain
Jordi Pascual
  Spain
150 m individual medley SM4
details
Krzysztof Sleczka
  Poland
Javier Torres
  Spain
John Petersson
  Denmark
200 m backstroke B2
details
Christopher Holmes
  Great Britain
Juan Diego Gil
  Spain
Ziv Better
  Israel
200 m breaststroke B2
details
Vitalii Krylov
  Unified Team
Kingsley Bugarin
  Australia
Jose Pedrajas
  Spain
200 m freestyle S6
details
Peter Lund
  Denmark
Jeremy Gervan
  Canada
Jesus Iglesias
  Spain
200 m individual medley B2
details
Christopher Holmes
  Great Britain
Kingsley Bugarin
  Australia
Pablo Corral
  Spain
200 m individual medley SM6
details
Eric Lindmann
  France
Sebastian Xhrouet
  Belgium
Roger Vial
  Spain
400 m freestyle B2
details
Christopher Holmes
  Great Britain
Ziv Better
  Israel
Daniel Llambrich
  Spain
4×50 m freestyle relay S1–6
details
  Spain (ESP)
Juan Fuertes
Javier Torres
Roger Vial
Jesus Iglesias
  France (FRA)
Pascal Pinard
Eric Lindmann
Thierry le Gloanic
David Foppolo
  Great Britain (GBR)
William McQueen
Mark Butler
Andrew Stubbs
Kevin Walsh
4×50 m medley relay S1–6
details
  France (FRA)
Thierry le Gloanic
Eric Lindmann
David Foppolo
Pascal Pinard
  Spain (ESP)
Juan Fuertes
Javier Torres
Juan Castane
Jesus Iglesias
  United States (USA)
Gary Bogue
Gregory Burns
Daniel Butler
Kevin Sullivan
50 m backstroke S2
details
Sonia Guirado
  Spain
Mairead Berry
  Ireland
Sandrine Serres
  France
50 m backstroke S3–4
details
Arancha Gonzalez
  Spain
M. Paz Montserrat
  Spain
Susana Carvalheira
  Portugal
50 m breaststroke SB2
details
Tara Flood
  Great Britain
Regina Cachan
  Spain
Frouwkje Harkema
  Netherlands
50 m butterfly S3–4
details
Tracy Barrell
  Australia
Regina Cachan
  Spain
Jaenette Bouma
  Netherlands
50 m freestyle S2
details
Liv Tone Lind
  Norway
Sandrine Serres
  France
Sonia Guirado
  Spain
50 m freestyle S3–4
details
Arancha Gonzalez
  Spain
M. Paz Montserrat
  Spain
Tara Flood
  Great Britain
100 m breaststroke SB4
details
Outi Hokkanen
  Sweden
Jenny Newstead
  New Zealand
Ana Martin
  Spain
100 m breaststroke SB9
details
Begona Reina
  Spain
Kristina Brokholc
  Sweden
Beate Lobenstein
  Germany
100 m butterfly S8
details
Laura Tramuns
  Spain
Silvia Vives
  Spain
Asa Wilhelmsson
  Sweden
100 m butterfly S10
details
Claudia Hengst
  Germany
Ana Bernardo
  Spain
Judith Young
  Australia
100 m freestyle S2
details
Liv Tone Lind
  Norway
Sandrine Serres
  France
Sonia Guirado
  Spain
100 m freestyle S3–4
details
Arancha Gonzalez
  Spain
Tara Flood
  Great Britain
M. Paz Montserrat
  Spain
400 m freestyle S10
details
Claudia Hengst
  Germany
Sarah Bailey
  Great Britain
Ana Bernardo
  Spain

Table tennisEdit

3 of Spain's bronze medals came in table tennis. All medals were won by table tennis players with physical disabilities.[1]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Open 6–10
details
Kimmo Jokinen
  Finland
Michael Gerke
  Germany
Gilles de la Bourdonnaye
  France
Enrique Agudo
  Spain
Singles 5
details
Kam Shing Kwong
  Hong Kong
Guy Tisserant
  France
So Boo Kim
  South Korea
Manuel Robles
  Spain
Singles 10
details
Michael Gerke
  Germany
Gilles de la Bourdonnaye
  France
Thomas Goeller
  Austria
Enrique Agudo
  Spain

Wheelchair basketballEdit

When Spain played the United States on the second day of competition, 12,500 people were in attendance. Organizers had to turn away 4,000 people who had wanted to attend.[12] Philip Craven, future President of the International Paralympic Committee, played his first Paralympic Games wheelchair basketball at these games when he scored 30 points against the Spanish team.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k http://www.paralimpico.es/publicacion/5SC_juegos/259SS_juegosparal.asp
  2. ^ a b James Riordan; Arnd Krüger (1 January 2003). European Cultures in Sport: Examining the Nations and Regions. Intellect Books. p. 133. ISBN 978-1-84150-014-0. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  3. ^ Karen P. DePauw; Susan J. Gavron (2005). Disability Sport. Human Kinetics 1. p. 91. ISBN 978-1-4504-0847-9. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  4. ^ Centre of Excellence Defence Against Terrorism (1 January 2007). Amputee Sports for Victims of Terrorism. IOS Press. pp. 3–. ISBN 978-1-58603-808-3. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  5. ^ Kristine Toohey; Anthony James Veal (2007). The Olympic Games: A Social Science Perspective. CABI. pp. 79–. ISBN 978-1-84593-346-3. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  6. ^ Stephen Halliday (9 March 2012). Amazing & Extraordinary Facts - The Olympics. David & Charles. pp. 119. ISBN 978-1-4463-5617-3. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  7. ^ Robert Daniel Steadward; Watkinson, E. J. (Elizabeth Jane); Garry David Wheeler (2003). Adapted Physical Activity. University of Alberta. pp. 483. ISBN 978-0-88864-375-9. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  8. ^ David Howe (11 February 2008). The Cultural Politics of the Paralympic Movement: Through an Anthropological Lens. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-0-203-50609-7. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  9. ^ Karen P. DePauw; Susan J. Gavron (2005). Disability Sport. Human Kinetics 1. p. 283. ISBN 978-1-4504-0847-9. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  10. ^ "Madrid 1992 – the Paralympic Games that time forgot!". Paralympicanorak.wordpress.com. June 25, 2012. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  11. ^ DePauw, Karen P; Rich, Sarah (Winter 1993). "Paralympics for the mentally handicapped". Palaestra. Vol. 9 no. 2. pp. 59–64.
  12. ^ Steve Bailey (28 February 2008). Athlete First: A History of the Paralympic Movement. John Wiley & Sons. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-470-72431-6. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  13. ^ Horst Strohkendl (1996). The 50th Anniversary of Wheelchair Basketball: A History. Waxmann Verlag. pp. 66–. ISBN 978-3-8309-5441-5. Retrieved 22 July 2013.