Solidarnost (Солидарность, Russian for "Solidarity", named after the Polish Solidarność) is a Russian liberal democratic political movement founded on 13 December 2008 by a number of well-known members of the liberal democratic opposition, including Garry Kasparov, Boris Nemtsov and others from the Yabloko and Union of Right Forces (which had just merged with two pro-Kremlin parties, the Democratic Party of Russia and Civilian Power, to form the pro-Kremlin liberal democratic Right Cause) parties, leaders of the Dissenters March events, the Committee 2008, the People's Democratic Union, the United Civil Front, The Other Russia and other politicians and political groups.[1][2]

FoundedDecember 2008
Preceded byUnion of Right Forces
United Civil Front
Succeeded byPeople's Freedom Party "For Russia without Lawlessness and Corruption"
Democratic Choice
5th of December Party
Social liberalism
Classical liberal
Political positionCentre to centre-right
International affiliationNone

In an apparent attempt to weaken the movement immediately before its foundation, President Dmitri Medvedev nominated former leader of the Union of Right Forces Nikita Belykh to become governor of the Kirov Oblast. (Belykh agreed to take the position.)[3] As reported by the International Herald Tribune Belykh "sought to explain his decision by arguing that he could do more good by working with the Kremlin. He said he would prove that someone with progressive ideas could succeed in the government", while saying that "When you have nothing at all, when you cannot even get close in the elections, when all your paths are being cut off, then you just can't have a political party."[4]


Previously, attempts to unite the opposition were undertaken by the organizations of the Committee 2008, the United Civil Front, the Other Russia, the National Assembly of the Russian Federation, and many years of attempts to establish a dialogue between the SPS and Russian United Democratic Party "Yabloko".[5]


Solidarnost movement includes the following forces:[6]

Regional branches

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Opposition gründet neue Bewegung Solidarnost - Russland - › International". Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  2. ^ "Russische Opposition gründet Solidarnost - Ausland". 20 May 2010. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  3. ^ "What the Russian papers say | Features & Opinion | RIA Novosti". Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  4. ^ Eisenberg, Anne. "The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  5. ^ Новое демократическое движение «Солидарность». // Эхо Москвы, 9 октября 2008]
  6. ^ "". Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  7. ^ "". Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  8. ^ Archived 2009-01-22 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "За Права Человека |English | Reports and articles". Retrieved 6 January 2013.

External linksEdit