Solar eclipse of May 31, 2068

A total solar eclipse will occur on May 31, 2068. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide.

Solar eclipse of May 31, 2068
SE2068May31T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
NatureTotal
Gamma-0.797
Magnitude1.011
Maximum eclipse
Duration66 sec (1 m 6 s)
Coordinates31°00′S 123°12′E / 31°S 123.2°E / -31; 123.2
Max. width of band63 km (39 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse3:56:39
References
Saros148 (24 of 75)
Catalog # (SE5000)9660

Related eclipsesEdit

Solar eclipses 2065–2069Edit

This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.[1]

Solar eclipse series sets from 2065–2069
Descending node   Ascending node
118 July 3, 2065
 
Partial
123 December 27, 2065
 
Partial
128 June 22, 2066
 
Annular
133 December 17, 2066
 
Total
138 June 11, 2067
 
Annular
143 December 6, 2067
 
Hybrid
148 May 31, 2068
 
Total
153 November 24, 2068
 
Partial
158 May 20, 2069
 
Partial

Saros 148Edit

Solar saros 148, repeating every about 18 years and 11 days, contains 75 events. The series started with a partial solar eclipse on September 21, 1653. It has annular eclipses on April 29, 2014, and May 9, 2032, and a hybrid eclipse on May 20, 2050. It has total eclipses from May 31, 2068, to August 3, 2771. The series ends at member 75 as a partial eclipse on December 12, 2987. The longest total eclipse will be on April 26, 2609, at 5 minutes and 23 seconds.[2]

Series members 15–25 occur between 1901 and 2100:
15 16 17
 
February 23, 1906
 
March 5, 1924
 
March 16, 1942
18 19 20
 
March 27, 1960
 
April 7, 1978
 
April 17, 1996
21 22 23
 
April 29, 2014
 
May 9, 2032
 
May 20, 2050
24 25
 
May 31, 2068
 
June 11, 2086

Tritos seriesEdit

This eclipse is a part of a tritos cycle, repeating at alternating nodes every 135 synodic months (≈ 3986.63 days, or 11 years minus 1 month). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee), but groupings of 3 tritos cycles (≈ 33 years minus 3 months) come close (≈ 434.044 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Metonic seriesEdit

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days). All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's descending node.

21 eclipse events between June 1, 2011 and June 1, 2087
May 31 – June 1 March 19–20 January 5–6 October 24–25 August 12–13
118 120 122 124 126
 
June 1, 2011
 
March 20, 2015
 
January 6, 2019
 
October 25, 2022
 
August 12, 2026
128 130 132 134 136
 
June 1, 2030
 
March 20, 2034
 
January 5, 2038
 
October 25, 2041
 
August 12, 2045
138 140 142 144 146
 
May 31, 2049
 
March 20, 2053
 
January 5, 2057
 
October 24, 2060
 
August 12, 2064
148 150 152 154 156
 
May 31, 2068
 
March 19, 2072
 
January 6, 2076
 
October 24, 2079
 
August 13, 2083
158 160 162 164 166
 
June 1, 2087
 
October 24, 2098

NotesEdit

  1. ^ van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  2. ^ Saros Series Catalog of Solar Eclipses NASA Eclipse Web Site.

ReferencesEdit