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A total solar eclipse will occur on August 12, 2026, in North America and Europe. The total eclipse will pass over the Arctic, Greenland, Iceland, Atlantic Ocean and northern Spain. The points of greatest duration and greatest eclipse will be just 50 km off the western coast of Iceland by 65°10.3' N and 25°12.3' W, where the totality will last 2m 18s. It will be the first total eclipse visible in Iceland since June 30, 1954 and the only one to occur in the 21st century as the next one will be in 2196.

Solar eclipse of August 12, 2026
SE2026Aug12T.png
Map
Type of eclipse
NatureTotal
Gamma0.8977
Magnitude1.0386
Maximum eclipse
Duration138 sec (2 m 18 s)
Coordinates65°12′N 25°12′W / 65.2°N 25.2°W / 65.2; -25.2
Max. width of band294 km (183 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse17:47:06
References
Saros126 (48 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000)9566

The total eclipse will pass over northern Spain from the Atlantic coast to the Mediterranean coast as well as the Balearic Islands. The total eclipse will be visible from the cities of Valencia, Zaragoza, Palma and Bilbao but both Madrid and Barcelona will be just outside the path of totality.

The last total eclipse in continental Europe occurred on August 11, 1999. The last total solar eclipse happened in Spain on August 30, 1905 and followed a similar path across the country. The next total eclipse visible in Spain will happen less than a year later on 2 August 2027. A partial eclipse will cover more than 90% of the area of the sun in Ireland, Great Britain, Portugal, France, Italy, the Balkans and North Africa and to a lesser extent in most of Europe, North Africa and North America.

Contents

CircumstancesEdit

The eclipse path proceeds from North Siberia throughout the Arctic Region, Iceland, eastern Atlantic to Spain and Mediterranean.

Solar eclipse with aurora borealisEdit

The North Russia area, where totality will begin with the sunrise, the aurora borealis appears to be visible likewise at the beginning of the nautical twilight. It the east of Taymyr Peninsula the total phase will start at August 13 at 0:00 local time during midnight sun.[1]

Solar eclipse below the horizonEdit

The greatest eclipse will occur on the majority of the continental Europe, whereas the Sun will be just below the horizon. Because the magnitude will be considerable (more than 0,8) at the outcome the observers will see the shortened civil twilight and extended nautical twilight instead. In the Mediterranean area (especially Sardinia and Sicilia), where the path of totality will proceed in the atmosphere people will be able to see the black stream, that divide the atmosphere on two another bright sections. It may cause extremely favourable conditions to the Zodiacal light observations [2].

ImagesEdit

 
Animated path

Related eclipsesEdit

Solar eclipses 2026-2029Edit

This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.[3]

Saros 126Edit

It is a part of Saros cycle 126, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 72 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on March 10, 1179. It contains annular eclipses from June 4, 1323 through April 4, 1810, hybrid eclipses from April 14, 1828 through May 6, 1864 and total eclipses from May 17, 1882 through August 23, 2044. The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on May 3, 2459. The longest duration of central eclipse (annular or total) was 6 minutes, 30 seconds of annularity on June 26, 1359. The longest duration of totality was 2 minutes, 36 seconds on July 10, 1972. All eclipses in this series occurs at the Moon’s descending node.

Metonic seriesEdit

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days). All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's descending node.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 12–13 August, 2026. — Total Solar Eclipse — 75°41'N, 113°22'E. timeanddate.com
  2. ^ Guliaev, R. A. (1992). "On a possible use of total solar eclipse below the horizon for observations of the inner zodiacal light (as applied to the eclipse of 30 June, 1992)". Solar Physics. 138 (1): 209–211. Bibcode:1992SoPh..138..209G. doi:10.1007/BF00146206.
  3. ^ van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.

External linksEdit