Soazza is a municipality in the Moesa Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

Soazza
Soazza.jpg
Coat of arms of Soazza
Location of Soazza
Soazza is located in Switzerland
Soazza
Soazza
Soazza is located in Canton of Graubünden
Soazza
Soazza
Coordinates: 46°21′N 9°13′E / 46.350°N 9.217°E / 46.350; 9.217Coordinates: 46°21′N 9°13′E / 46.350°N 9.217°E / 46.350; 9.217
CountrySwitzerland
CantonGraubünden
DistrictMoesa
Area
 • Total46.42 km2 (17.92 sq mi)
Elevation
620 m (2,030 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total319
 • Density6.9/km2 (18/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
6562
SFOS number3823
Surrounded byCauco, Lostallo, Menarola (IT-SO), Mesocco, Rossa, San Giacomo Filippo (IT-SO)
Websitewww.soazza.ch
SFSO statistics

HistoryEdit

Soazza is first mentioned in 1203 as Soaza.[3]

GeographyEdit

 
Soazza village
 
Aerial view (1953)

Soazza has an area, as of 2006, of 46.4 km2 (17.9 sq mi). Of this area, 7.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 53.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (37.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

DemographicsEdit

Soazza has a population (as of 31 December 2019) of 319.[5] As of 2008, 11.9% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -6.9%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Italian (91.9%), with German being second most common ( 3.3%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 2.2%).[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 54.4% male and 45.6% female.[7] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Soazza is; 37 children or 10.3% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 17 teenagers or 4.7% are 10 to 14, and 10 teenagers or 2.8% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 35 people or 9.7% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 64 people or 17.8% are 30 to 39, 49 people or 13.6% are 40 to 49, and 42 people or 11.7% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 51 people or 14.2% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 37 people or 10.3% are 70 to 79, there are 16 people or 4.5% who are 80 to 89, and there is 1 person who is 90 to 99.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 34.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (28.5%), the SVP (26%) and the FDP (9.2%).[4]

In Soazza about 73.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Soazza has an unemployment rate of 2.6%. As of 2005, there were 24 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 9 businesses involved in this sector. 71 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 7 businesses in this sector. 38 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 14 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1650 427
1802 311
1850 315
1900 339
1950 348
2000 359

Heritage sites of national significanceEdit

The Casa Paret, the Church of S. Martino including the della Madonna Addolorata and the Ospizio e Via Crucis are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b Soazza in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 22-Oct-2009
  5. ^ "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit". bfs.admin.ch (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB. 31 December 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  6. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 27 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden in Numbers Archived 24 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 1 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 22-Oct-2009

External linksEdit