Skælskør Municipality

  (Redirected from Skælskør municipality)

Until January 1, 2007 Skælskør Municipality was a municipality (Danish: kommune) in the former West Zealand County, on the southwestern coast of the island of Zealand, in eastern Denmark. The municipality covered an area of 170.02 km2, and had a total population of 11,928 (2006). Its last mayor was Hans Ole Drost, a member of the Venstre.

Skælskør Municipality
Skælskør Kommune
Coat of arms of Skælskør Municipality
Skælskør Kommune (1970-2006).png
CountryDenmark
CountyWest Zealand
EstablishedApril 1, 1970
DissolvedDecember 31, 2006
SeatSkælskør
Government
 • Last mayorHans Ole Drost (V)
Area
 • Total170.02 km2 (65.65 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)[1]
 • Total11,928
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC2 (CEST)
Municipal code331

Skælskør Municipality bordered Korsør and Hashøj Municipality to the north and Fuglebjerg Municipality to the east. The municipality included the islands of Agersø, Omø and Glænø.

To the west is the Great Belt (Danish: Storebælt), the strait that separates Zealand and the island of Funen (Danish. Fyn), and the Agersø Sound (Danish: Agersø Sund), the strait that separates Zealand from the former municipality's islands of Agersø and Omø. To the south is Karrebæksminde Bay (Danish: Karrebæksminde Bugt) and Rågø Sund. The municipality's island of Glænø lies in Karrebæksminde Bay, along with a number of other smaller islands. Noret, a large lake lies to the north of the town of Skælskør.

The municipality ceased to exist as the result of Kommunalreformen 2007 (the Municipality Reform of 2007). It was merged with Slagelse, Hashøj and Korsør municipalities to form a new Slagelse municipality. The new municipality belongs to Region Zealand.

HistoryEdit

Skælskør was likely built in the 1100s, and was granted the status of a market town (Danish: Købstad) in 1414. It originally played a role as a transit town between Zealand, Funen and Langeland, though Korsør eventually became the more prominent transit town on the coast.[2]

In the Middle Ages, when Denmark was divided into hundreds, the area of Skælskør Municipality were under Vester Flakkebjerg Hundred and Slagelse Hundred. Vester Flakkebjerg Hundred was under Sorø County when it was established in 1662, while Slagelse Hundred came under Korsør County. Sorø County was merged with Ringsted County in 1748. It was merged again in 1798, this time with Korsør County and Antvorskov County. This county lasted until the 1970 Danish Municipal Reform where it merged with Holbæk County to create West Zealand County (Danish: Vestsjællands Amt). After the 2007 municipal reform this changed to Region Zealand.

From 1842, where parish municipalities were created, and until 1922 the area of Skælskør Municipality consisted of nine parish municipalities. From 1875 it also consisted of Skælskør Market Town Municipality, which would merge with its Rural District Parish Municipality in 1922, leaving eight parish municipalities and one market town municipality. In 1966 many of these parish municipalities were merged to create only two parish municipalities, which would again be merged to form Skælskør Municipality in the 1970 Municipal Reform.

In the Municipality Reform of 2007 Skælskør Municipality was merged with Hashøj, Slagelse and Korsør Municipality to form a new Slagelse Municipality.[3]

Historical divisionsEdit

Historical municipal divisions of Skælskør Municipality
2007 1970 1966 1922 1875 1842 1414 Towns
Slagelse Mun.
Skælskør Mun. Skælskør Parish Mun. Skælskør Market Town Mun. Skælskør Market Town Mun. Skælskør Market Town Skælskør
Skælskør's Rural Parish Mun.
Tjæreby Parish Mun. Tjæreby
Magleby Parish Mun. Magleby
Eggeslevmagle Parish Mun. Eggeslevmagle
Boeslunde Parish Mun. Boeslunde
Agersø Parish Mun. Agersø By
Omø Parish Mun. Omø By
Holsteinborg Parish Mun.[n 1]
Ørslev-Sønder Bjerge Parish Mun. Ørslev
Holsteinborg-Venslev Parish Mun. Bisserup
Rude
Slagelse Mun.
Hashøj Mun.
Korsør Mun.
  1. ^ Also part of today's Næstved Municipality.

MayorsEdit

Since the creation of the municipality in 1970 and until it was dissolved in 2007, the mayors of Skælskør Municipality were:[4]

# Mayor Party Term
1 Svend Aage Troelsen   Venstre 1970-1974
2 Johannes Lyshjelm   Venstre 1974-1986
3 Søren Clausen   Social Democrats 1986-1994
4 Hans Christian Nielsen   Venstre 1994-2002
5 Hans Ole Drost   Venstre 2002-2007

TownsEdit

 
Channel in Skælskør.

The largest town in the municipality was Skælskør, where more than half of the municipality's population lived. Nearly a third of the population lived in rural areas. The remaining population lived in the towns of Bisserup, Boeslunde, Eggeslevmagle and Rude. Notable smaller villages in the municipality included the main settlements on Agersø and Omø: Agersø By and Omø By.

Skælskør was located in the western part of the municipality, bordering Skælskør Nor, giving it access to the sea. In the town is a church from the 1200s. It is named Saint Nicholas Church (Danish: Sankt Nicolai Kirke) and is located centrally in the town. One of the largest breweries in Denmark, Harboe's Brewery, has been located in Skælskør since its foundation in 1883.

Below are the populations from 2006 of the five larger settlements of the municipality.[5]

Skælskør 6,373
Boeslunde 767
Bisserup 557
Rude 278
Eggeslevmagle 202

PoliticsEdit

 
The city hall in Skælskør.

Municipal councilEdit

Below are the municipal council elected from the municipality's creation in 1970 and until 2001, which was the last election before the municipality was dissolved.

Election Party Total
seats
Elected
mayor
A B C F O V Z ...
1970 6 1 3 5 15 Svend Aage Troelsen (V)
1974 4 1 1 6 3 Johannes Lyshjelm (V)
1978 5 1 2 1 4 2
1981 5 1 2 1 5 1
1985 6 3 2 4 Søren Clausen (A)
1989 5 1 1 2 6
1993 5 2 1 5 2 Hans Christian Nielsen (V)
1997 5 1 2 6 1
2001 3 1 1 3 1 6 Hans Ole Drost (V)
Data from Statistikbanken.dk and editions of Kommunal Aarbog

ParishesEdit

 
Boeslunde Church

The municipality consisted of eleven parishes and eleven churches.

SymbolsEdit

 
Coat of Arms of Skælskør Municipality.

The municipality's coat of arms is the same as the town of Skælskør's. It shows a bridge connecting the two parts of the town of Skælskør. The church is located to the left, illustrated with crosses. The city hall is on the right. They stand on green grass with a river running across the land and through the town, under the bridge. In the river is an escallop, which is in reference to the origin of the town's name "Skælfisk-ør" translating to shellfish beach. The sky is dark blue.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Statistikbanken.dk "BEF1A: Folketal 1. januar efter kommune, køn, alder og civilstand (AFSLUTTET)" Retrieved 3 October 2020
  2. ^ Ddb.byhistorie.dk "Skælskør" Retrieved 3 October 2020
  3. ^ Denstoredanske.lex.dk "Slagelse Kommune" Retrieved 3 October 2020
  4. ^ Danskekommuner.dk "Skælskør Kommune" Retrieved 3 October 2020
  5. ^ Statistikbanken.dk "BEF44: Folketal 1. januar efter byområder, landdistrikter (AFSLUTTET)" Retrieved 6 October 2020


Coordinates: 55°15′08″N 11°17′38″E / 55.2521°N 11.2939°E / 55.2521; 11.2939