Sirpur, Mahasamund

Sirpur is a village in Mahasamund district in the state of Chhattisgarh 35 km from Mahasamund city and 78 km away from Raipur[2] on the banks of the river Mahanadi.[3]

Sirpur
Sripura, Shripura
village
Mandapa of Surang Tila in front of shrine
Mandapa of Surang Tila in front of shrine
Sirpur is located in Chhattisgarh
Sirpur
Sirpur
Location in Chhattisgarh, India
Sirpur is located in India
Sirpur
Sirpur
Sirpur (India)
Coordinates: 21°20′43″N 82°11′05″E / 21.345225°N 82.184814°E / 21.345225; 82.184814Coordinates: 21°20′43″N 82°11′05″E / 21.345225°N 82.184814°E / 21.345225; 82.184814
Country India
StateChhattisgarh
DistrictMahasamund
TehsilMahasamund
Government
 • BodyVillage panchayat
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,467[1]
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Chhattisgarhi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Postal code
493445
Vehicle registrationCG 06

Sirpur was capital of Panduvanshi dynasty in ancient times. The village hosts the Sirpur Group of Monuments consisting of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain temples and monasteries. These are dated from the 5th to 12th century.

HistoryEdit

 
An 8th to 9th century artwork from a Hindu temple in Sirpur.
 
A view of river Mahanadi from a Shiva temple in Sirpur.

Sirpur, also referred to as Shripur, Sripura or Sripur (literally, "city of auspiciousness, abundance, Lakshmi") in ancient Indian texts and inscriptions, is a major archaeological site along the Mahanadi River.[4] Sirpur was capital of Panduvanshi dynasty in ancient times.

The site has been significant for its temple ruins of Rama and Lakshmana of the Ramayana fame, as well as those related to Shaivism, Shaktism, Buddhism and Jainism. The site excavations after 1950, particularly after 2003, have yielded 22 Shiva temples, 5 Vishnu temples, 10 Buddha Viharas, 3 Jain Viharas, a 6th/7th century market and snana-kund (bath house). The site shows extensive syncretism, where Buddhist and Jain statues or motifs intermingle with Shiva, Vishnu and Devi temples.[4]

The location is mentioned in the memoirs of the Chinese traveler Xuanzang as a location of monasteries and temples. It was visited in 1872 by Alexander Cunningham, a colonial British India official. His report on a Laxman (Lakshmana) temple at Sirpur brought it to international attention.

CultureEdit

Sirpur is a pilgrimage site for the followers of Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism. It hosts a major fair (mela) during the Mahashiv Ratri.

TransportEdit

Sirpur is accessible from Raipur by a four-lane National Highway 53. Regular bus services connect Raipur and Sirpur.

The nearest railway station is Mahasamund railway station (35 km).

The nearest airport is the Swami Vivekananda airport at Raipur (IATA: RPR), with daily flights to major cities in India.

Places of interestEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=469554
  2. ^ Sirpur raipur.gov.in
  3. ^ SIRPUR : A Goldmine of History Prasar Bharti
  4. ^ a b Atula Kumar Pradhan and Shambhoonath Yadav (2013), Sirpur - A unique township of early medieval India, Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, Vol. 74 (2013), pp. 854-864
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit