Sirohi District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. The City of Sirohi is the district headquarters and the largest city of the district. Abu Road is the industrial town of Sirohi District.
Location of Sirohi district in Rajasthan
|• Total||5,136 km2 (1,983 sq mi)|
|• Density||200/km2 (520/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
According to the 2011 census Sirohi district has a population of 1,036,346, roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus or the US state of Rhode Island. This gives it a ranking of 437rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 202 inhabitants per square kilometre (520/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.86%. Sirohi has a sex ratio of 938 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 56.02%.
In 1948, Sirohi was taken over by Bombay State from 5 January 1949 to 25 January 1950. Shortly thereafter, on 25 January 1950, the former state was partitioned with Abu Road tehsil and part of Delwara tehsil being joined to Bombay and the remaining portion merging with Rajasthan. At that time an area of 787 km2 consisting of Abu Road tehsil and a part of Delwara tehsil was merged with then Bombay state, but it was returned to Sirohi district of Rajasthan State on 1 November 1956.
Sirohi is also called as "Dev Nagari" since ancient times because of many temples and shrines in the district. Sirohi is also famous for manufacturing of double edged swords, from the time of the Chauhan Deora rulers (15th century AD) until 1947.
The district has an area of 5136 km². It is bordered on the west by Jalor District, on the north by Pali District, on the east by Udaipur District, and on the south by Banas Kantha District of Gujarat.
It has an area of 5139 km (2009 sq. miles). Sirohi district is situated at the south-west part of Rajasthan between parallel of 24° 20′ and 25° 17′ North Latitude and 72° 16′ and 73° 10′ East Longitude.
Sirohi District is broken up by hills and rocky ranges. The granite massif of Mount Abu divides the district into two portions, running from north-east to south-west. The south and south-east part of the district, which lies between Mount Abu and the main spine of the Aravallis, is mountainous and rugged, and is drained by the West Banas River. Abu Road, a station on the main Delhi-Ahmedabad rail line, lies in the valley of the West Banas. Dry deciduous forest is common in this part of the district, and the higher elevations of Mount Abu are covered in conifer forests. Abu Road is the biggest city and the main financial hub of Sirohi District. Sirohi district has the fewest villages in Rajasthan.
The portion of the district west and north of Mount Abu is drier, lying in the rain shadow of the mountain, which blocks the southwest monsoon. The southwest corner of the district is drained by the Sukri river, an intermittent stream that drains the western slope of Mount Abu. The northwestern portion of the district is drained by tributaries of the Luni River. The Northwestern thorn scrub forests cover the western and northern portion of the district. Warada is the last village of Sirohi located on Sirohi–Siyana Road.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Sirohi one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the twelve districts in Rajasthan currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
There are 5 Sub Divisions in the Sirohi district: Sirohi, Mount Abu, Sheoganj, Pindwara and Reodar, while five tehsils as well as Panchayat Samitis are Sirohi, Sheoganj, Pindwara, Abu Road and Reodar. Total 162 Gram Panchayts are there for 518 villages in the district and five Nagar Palikas (Municipalitys) are there for Sirohi, Sheoganj, Pindwara, Abu Road and Mount Abu. There are three sub-tehsils- Bhavri in Pindwara, Kalandri in Sirohi and Mandar in Reodar tehsils respectively.
Places of interestEdit
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sirohi district.|
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
Rhode Island 1,052,567
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- A V Pandya (1952). Abu in Bombay State: a scientific study of the problem. B.K. Patel. p. 88. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- District Census Handbook: Sirohi (Series 9: Part XII-A) (PDF). Directorate of Census Operations. 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
- India. Directorate of Census Operations; Rajasthan. Census of India, 2001: Sirohi. Controller of Publications. p. 7. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- K. S. Singh (1 January 1998). People of India: Rajasthan. Popular Prakashan. pp. 12–. ISBN 978-81-7154-766-1. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- E. Jaiwant Paul (1 October 2005). Arms and Armour: Traditional Weapons of India. Roli Books Private Limited. pp. 54–. ISBN 978-81-7436-340-4. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- East India Company; Edward Parry Thornton (1870). A gazetteer of the territories under the government of the East-India company and of the native states on the continent of India, by E. Thornton. pp. 874–. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "DISTRICT CENSUS HANDBOOK SIROHI - Village and Town Directory" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
- Official website
- "District Sirohi: Gram Panchayat, Samiti and Ward Map". Excise Department, Government of Rajasthan.