Jaisalmer district

Jaisalmer is the largest district in the Indian state of Rajasthan, and the third largest district in India. Located in Marwar (Jodhpur Division),[1] the city of Jaisalmer is the administrative headquarters of the district. It is around 289 km from the city of Jodhpur, and around 559 km from Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan. As of 2011 population census, it is the least populous district out of all 33 districts in Rajasthan.[2]

Jaisalmer district
Sam sand dunes near jaisalmer - panoramio (1).jpg
Location of Jaisalmer district in Rajasthan
Location of Jaisalmer district in Rajasthan
CountryIndia
StateRajasthan
Population
 (2011)
 • Total669,919
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)

GeographyEdit

Jaisalmer is the largest district in Rajasthan, and the third-largest in the country by area.

The Jaisalmer District lies in the Thar Desert, which straddles the border of India and Pakistan. It is bound in the northeast by Bikaner District, in the east by Jodhpur District, in the south by Barmer District, and in the west and north by Pakistan.

The district is located within a rectangle lying between 26°.4’ –28°.23' North parallel and 69°.20'-72°.42' east meridians.

The international border adjacent to the district is around 464 km long.

Jaisalmer is almost entirely a sandy landscape, forming a part of the great Indian desert. The general aspect of the area is that of an interminable sea of sandhills, of all shapes and sizes, some rising to a height of almost 150 ft. The hills in the west are covered with log bushes, while those in the east carry tufts of long grass. Water is scarce, and generally brackish; the average depth of the wells is said to be about 250 ft. There are no perennial streams, and only one small river, the Kakni, which, after flowing a distance of 28 m., spreads over a large surface of flat ground and forms a lake called the Bhuj-Jhil. The climate is dry and healthy. Throughout Jaisalmer only crops such as bajra, joar, motif, til, etc., are grown; spring crops of wheat, barley, etc., are very rare. Owing to the scant rainfall, irrigation is almost unknown.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Jaisalmer
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.7
(74.7)
27.2
(81.0)
32.8
(91.0)
38.4
(101.1)
47.7
(117.9)
48.0
(118.4)
42.8
(109.0)
36.0
(96.8)
36.5
(97.7)
36.1
(97.0)
31.1
(88.0)
25.4
(77.7)
35.5
(95.9)
Average low °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
10.9
(51.6)
16.8
(62.2)
22.2
(72.0)
25.7
(78.3)
27.1
(80.8)
26.5
(79.7)
25.4
(77.7)
24.3
(75.7)
20.5
(68.9)
13.8
(56.8)
8.9
(48.0)
19.2
(66.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.3
(0.05)
4.0
(0.16)
3.2
(0.13)
18.1
(0.71)
9.2
(0.36)
16.1
(0.63)
56.1
(2.21)
79.0
(3.11)
16.2
(0.64)
2.5
(0.10)
1.3
(0.05)
2.5
(0.10)
209.5
(8.25)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 0.6 1.0 0.9 0.4 0.8 1.1 3.9 3.9 2.1 0.4 1.1 0.5 16.7
Source: WMO

EconomyEdit

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Jaisalmer one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is one of the twelve districts in Rajasthan currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
190175,551—    
191187,162+1.44%
192169,224−2.28%
193178,646+1.28%
194196,958+2.12%
1951109,658+1.24%
1961141,242+2.56%
1971167,824+1.74%
1981243,082+3.77%
1991344,517+3.55%
2001508,247+3.96%
2011669,919+2.80%
source:[4]
Religions in Jaisalmer District[5]
Religion Percent
Hindus
74.19%
Muslims
25.10%

According to the 2011 census Jaisalmer district has a population of 669,919,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Equatorial Guinea[6] or the US state of North Dakota.[7] This gives it a ranking of 508th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 17 inhabitants per square kilometre (44/sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 32.22%.[2] Jaisalmer has a sex ratio of 849 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 58.04%.[2]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 95.09% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 2.56% Sindhi, 1.02% Urdu and 0.40% Punjabi as their first language.[8]

Administrative Set-upEdit

Jaisalmer district has four sub-divisions: Jaisalmer, Pokaran, Bhaniyana and Fatehgarh. there are the Four tehsils of the district, a name like Jaisalmer, Pokaran, Bhaniyana.

Jaisalmer and Pokaran are the Nagar Palikas, while 744 villages come under 140-gram panchayats. District developmental activities are being looked after by three Panchayat Samities, i.e., Jaisalmer, Sam and Sankra.

TourismEdit

Jaisalmer is one of the largest foreign tourist attractor districts in the Rajasthan.[citation needed] Per year about 276,887 tourists visit the district, out of which about 100,000 tourists are foreigners.[citation needed] Some of the tourist attractions in the Jaisalmer are:

Every year Maru Mahotsav is celebrated for the tourists. Ramdevra is also a big attraction for the Baba Ramdevji's pilgrims.[citation needed] Every year on Mahashivratri in Myajlar Khyala math held the festival. Shree Alakh puri ki samadhi in jhinjhinyali is the big attraction of Udaisinghont Bhati Rajput.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Basic about Jaisalmer district".
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  4. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  5. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community (Rajasthan)". Census India. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Equatorial Guinea 668,225 July 2011 est.
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. North Dakota 672,591
  8. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 26°54′48″N 70°54′50″E / 26.91333°N 70.91389°E / 26.91333; 70.91389