The Sikh gurus established Sikhism over the centuries, beginning in the year 1469. Guru Nanak was the first Guru, and subsequently, each Guru, in succession, was referred to as "Nanak", and as "Light". All the Gurus themselves also used the name "Nanak" while penning down their spiritual verses.
There are a total of eleven Gurus: Ten human-form gurus and the eleventh, or current and everlasting Sikh Guru, is the integrated Sikh scripture known as the Guru Granth Sahib. The Tenth Nanak, Guru Gobind Singh, had bestowed the Guruship forevermore to the Guru Granth Sahib.
|#||Name||Date of birth||Guruship on||Date of death||Age at death||Father||Mother|
|1||Guru Nanak||29 November 1469||--||22 September 1539||69||Mehta Kalu||Mata Tripta|
|2||Guru Angad||31 March 1504||7 September 1539||29 March 1552||48||Baba Pheru||Mata Ramo|
|3||Guru Amar Das||5 May 1479||26 March 1552||1 September 1574||95||Tej Bhan Bhalla||Mata Bakht|
|4||Guru Ram Das||24 September 1534||1 September 1574||1 September 1581||46||Baba Hari Das||Mata Daya Vati|
|5||Guru Arjan||15 April 1563||1 September 1581||30 May 1606||43||Rām Dās||Mata Bhani|
|6||Guru Har Gobind||19 June 1595||25 May 1606||28 February 1644||48||Arjun Dēv||Mata Ganga|
|7||Guru Har Rai||16 January 1630||3 March 1644||6 October 1661||31||Baba Gurditta||Mata Nihal|
|8||Guru Har Krishan||7 July 1656||6 October 1661||30 March 1664||7||Hari Rā'i||Mata Krishan|
|9||Guru Tegh Bahadur||1 April 1621||20 March 1665||11 November 1675||54||Hari Gōbind||Mata Nanki|
|10||Guru Gobind Singh||22 December 1666||11 November 1675||7 October 1708||41||Tēġ Bahādur||Mata Gujri|
|11||Guru Granth Sahib||n/a||7 October 1708||n/a||n/a||-||-|