Shades of red

Varieties of the color red may differ in hue, chroma (also called saturation, intensity, or colorfulness) or lightness (or value, tone, or brightness), or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a red or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors are shown below.

Red
 
Color icon red.png
Spectral coordinates
Wavelength~630–740[1] nm
Frequency~480–405 THz
Common connotations
heat, anger, passion, sexuality, love, Christmas, Valentine's Day
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF0000
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 0, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(53, 179, 12°)
SourceHTML/CSS[2]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

In specific color systemsEdit

Red (RGB)Edit

Red (RGB)
 
 
Red, green and blue lights, representing the three basic additive primary colors of the RGB color system, red, green, and blue
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF0000
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 0, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(53, 179, 12°)
SourceHTML/CSS[3]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Red (RGB), RGB red, or electric red[citation needed] (as opposed to pigment red, shown below) is the brightest possible red that can be reproduced on a computer monitor. This color is an approximation of an orangish red spectral color. It is one of the three primary colors of light in the RGB color model, along with green and blue. The three additive primaries in the RGB color system are the three colors of light chosen such as to provide the maximum gamut of colors that are capable of being represented on a computer or television set, at a reasonable expense of power. Portable devices such as mobile phones might have an even narrower gamut due to this purity–power tradeoff and their "red" may be less colorful and more orangish than the standard red of sRGB.

This color is also the color called red in the X11 web colors, which were originally formulated in 1987. It is also called color wheel red. It is at precisely zero (360) degrees on the HSV color wheel, also known as the RGB color wheel (Image of RGB color wheel). Its complementary color is cyan.

Red (CMYK) (pigment red)Edit

Red (CMYK) (pigment red)
 
 
Cyan, magenta, and yellow are the three subtractive primary colors used in printing
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#ED1B24
sRGBB (r, g, b)(237, 27, 36)
HSV (h, s, v)(357°, 89%, 93%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(51, 157, 12°)
SourceCMYK
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Pigment red is the color red that is achieved by mixing process (printer's) magenta and process (printer's) yellow in equal proportions. This is the color red that is shown in the diagram located at the bottom of the following website offering tintbooks for CMYK printing: [1].

The purpose of the CMYK color system is to provide the maximum possible gamut of colors capable of being reproduced in printing.

Psychedelic art made people used to brighter colors of red, and pigment colors or colored pencils called "true red" are produced by mixing pigment red with a tiny amount of white. The result approximates (with much less brightness than is possible on a computer screen) the electric red shown above.

Red (Crayola)Edit

Red (Crayola)
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#8C1127
sRGBB (r, g, b)(140, 17, 39)
HSV (h, s, v)(349°, 88%, 55%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(30, 83, 8°)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color is defined as red in Crayola crayons.

Red was one of the original colors formulated by Crayola in 1903.

Red (Munsell)Edit

Red (Munsell)
 
 
The hues of the Munsell color system, at varying values, and maximum chroma to stay in the sRGB gamut
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F2003C
sRGBB (r, g, b)(242, 0, 60)
HSV (h, s, v)(345°, 100%, 95%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(51, 159, 8°)
SourceMunsell Color Wheel
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color is defined as red in the Munsell color system (Munsell 5R). The Munsell color system is a color space that specifies colors based on three color dimensions: hue, value (lightness), and chroma (color purity), spaced uniformly in three dimensions in the elongated oval at an angle shaped Munsell color solid according to the logarithmic scale which governs human perception. In order for all the colors to be spaced uniformly, it was found necessary to use a color wheel with five primary colors—red, yellow, green, blue, and purple.

The Munsell colors displayed are only approximate as they have been adjusted to fit into the sRGB gamut.

Red (NCS) (psychological primary red)Edit

Red (NCS)
 
 
Approximations within the sRGB gamut to the primary colors of the Natural Color System, a model based on the opponent process theory of color vision
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C40234
sRGBB (r, g, b)(196, 2, 52)
HSV (h, s, v)(345°, 99%, 77%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(41, 127, 8°)
SourcesRGB approximation to NCS S 1080-R[4]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color is defined as red in the NCS or Natural Color System (NCS 1080-R). The Natural Color System is a color system based on the four unique hues or psychological primary colors red, yellow, green, and blue. The NCS is based on the opponent process theory of vision.

The Natural Color System is widely used in Scandinavia.

Red (Pantone)Edit

Red (Pantone)
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#ED2839
sRGBB (r, g, b)(237, 40, 57)
HSV (h, s, v)(355°, 83%, 93%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(52, 148, 10°)
SourcePantone TPX[5]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color is defined as red in Pantone.

The source of this color is the Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX) color list, color No. 032M—Red.[6]

Variations of redEdit

MadderEdit

Brighter Red
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#A50021
sRGBB (r, g, b)(165, 0, 33)
HSV (h, s, v)(348°, 100%, 65%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(34, 109, 9°)
SourceInternet
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color madder is named for a dye produced from plants of the genus Rubia.

Brink pinkEdit

Brink pink
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FB607F
sRGBB (r, g, b)(251, 96, 127)
HSV (h, s, v)(348°, 62%, 98%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(62, 109, 4°)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color brink pink was formulated by Crayola in 1990.

CrimsonEdit

Crimson
 
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#DC143C
sRGBB (r, g, b)(220, 20, 60)
HSV (h, s, v)(348°, 91%, 86%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(47, 140, 8°)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Crimson is a strong, bright, deep red color combined with some blue or violet, resulting in a small degree of purple. It is also the color between rose and red on the RGB color wheel and magenta and red on the RYB color wheel.

Crimson as a quaternary color on the RGB color wheel
  cerise
  rose
  crimson
  red

PinkEdit

Pink
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FFC0CB
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 192, 203)
HSV (h, s, v)(350°, 25%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(84, 39, 1°)
SourceX11 color names[7]
HTML/CSS[3]
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The web color pink is a light tint of red, but is often considered to be a basic color term on its own.

Salmon pinkEdit

Salmon Pink
 
 
Male Kokanee Salmon
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF91A4
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 145, 164)
HSV (h, s, v)(350°, 43%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(72, 73, 3°)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

This color which represents the pinkish tone of salmon is called salmon in Crayola crayons. This color was introduced by Crayola in 1949. See the List of Crayola crayon colors.

Cardinal redEdit

Cardinal
 
 
Cardinal bird in a tree
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C51E3A
sRGBB (r, g, b)(197, 30, 58)
HSV (h, s, v)(350°, 85%, 77%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(43, 120, 8°)
SourceMaerz and Paul
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Cardinal red, also called cardinal, is a vivid red, which gets its name from the cassocks worn by cardinals. The family of birds takes its name from the color.

Apple redEdit

Apple red
 
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#BE0032
sRGBB (r, g, b)(190, 0, 50)
HSV (h, s, v)(344°, 100%, 75%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(40, 123, 7°)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Apple red

Poppy redEdit

Poppy red
 
 
Poppy flower
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#DC343B
sRGBB (r, g, b)(220, 52, 59)
HSV (h, s, v)(358°, 76%, 86%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(49, 129, 11°)
Sourcecolor-name.com
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color poppy red is named after the poppy flower.

Poppy red is a shade of pink-red.[8] Lieutenant-Colonel John McCrae, a Canadian officer and surgeon in World War I, wrote possibly history's most famous wartime poems, called "In Flanders Fields", written in 1915.[9] It helped the poppy (Papaver rhoeas) become a symbol of remembrance for soldiers who have died during the conflict and later conflicts.[10]

CarmineEdit

Carmine
 
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#960018
sRGBB (r, g, b)(150, 0, 24)
HSV (h, s, v)(350°, 100%, 59%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(31, 99, 10°)
SourcePourpre.com
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color carmine is a vivid crimson. In its pigment form it mostly contains the red light with wavelengths longer than 600 nm, i.e. it is close to the extreme spectral red. This places it far beyond standard gamuts (both RGB and CMYK), and its given RGB value is a poor approximation only.

Spanish redEdit

Rojo
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E60026
sRGBB (r, g, b)(230, 0, 38)
HSV (h, s, v)(350°, 100%, 90%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(48, 156, 10°)
SourceGallego and Sanz[11][12]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Spanish red, also known as torch red, is the color that is called rojo (the Spanish word for "red") in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Rusty redEdit

Rusty red
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#DA2C43
sRGBB (r, g, b)(218, 44, 67)
HSV (h, s, v)(352°, 80%, 85%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(48, 128, 9°)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Rusty red is a color formulated by Crayola in 1990 as one of the colors in its Silver Swirls specialty crayon box of metallic colors.

Chocolate cosmosEdit

Chocolate Cosmos
 
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#58111A
sRGBB (r, g, b)(88, 17, 26)
HSV (h, s, v)(352°, 81%, 35%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(18, 44, 8°)
Source[citation needed]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Chocolate cosmos, or red cosmos is the color of Cosmos atrosanguineus species.[13]

The color is described as dark red, deep crimson, deeper burgundy, deep red chocolate, as dark hazelnut and velvety maroon.[citation needed]

RosewoodEdit

Rosewood
 
 
Rosewood chess pieces
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#65000B
sRGBB (r, g, b)(101, 0, 11)
HSV (h, s, v)(353°, 100%, 40%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(19, 62, 10°)
SourceColorHexa
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color rosewood is named after rosewood.

The first recorded use of rosewood as a color name in English was in 1892.[14] Actual rosewood exhibits a wide range of colors.[15]

Imperial redEdit

Imperial Red
 
 
Imperial standard of Napoleon I
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#ED2939
sRGBB (r, g, b)(237, 41, 57)
HSV (h, s, v)(355°, 83%, 93%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(52, 148, 10°)
SourceVexillological[16]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Imperial red is a representation of the red color of the Imperial Standard of Napoleon I.

The first recorded use of imperial red as a color name in English was in 1914.[17] Note: the RGB values for Pantone red and imperial red are identical.

CordovanEdit

Cordovan
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#893F45
sRGBB (r, g, b)(137, 63, 69)
HSV (h, s, v)(355°, 54%, 54%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(37, 51, 8°)
SourcePantone Color Planner[18]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Cordovan is a rich medium dark shade of red.

The first recorded use of cordovan as a color name in English was in 1925.[19]

Fire engine redEdit

Fire engine red
 
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#CE2029
sRGBB (r, g, b)(206, 32, 41)
HSV (h, s, v)(357°, 84%, 81%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(45, 131, 11°)
Source[20]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Fire engine red is an intense, bright red commonly used on emergency vehicles; mostly on fire engines, other associated fire service vehicles, and ambulances.

Rose valeEdit

Rose vale
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#AB4E52
sRGBB (r, g, b)(171, 78, 82)
HSV (h, s, v)(357°, 54%, 67%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(45, 67, 10°)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The first recorded use of rose vale as a color name in English was in 1923.[21]

Old roseEdit

Old rose
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#C08081
sRGBB (r, g, b)(192, 128, 129)
HSV (h, s, v)(359°, 33%, 75%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(60, 43, 11°)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color old rose, also known as ashes of rose, was a popular Victorian color. The first recorded use of old rose as a color name in English was in 1892.[22]

Bittersweet shimmerEdit

Bittersweet shimmer
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#BF4F51
sRGBB (r, g, b)(191, 79, 81)
HSV (h, s, v)(359°, 59%, 75%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(49, 84, 11°)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Bittersweet shimmer is one of the colors in the special set of metallic Crayola crayons called Metallic FX, the colors of which were formulated by Crayola in 2001.

Although this is supposed to be a metallic color, there is no mechanism for displaying metallic colors on a computer.

Light redEdit

Light red
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF7F7F
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 127, 127)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 50%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(68, 95, 12°)
SourceX11 color names[7]
HTML/CSS[3]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid yellowish pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color light red, though very similar to pink, is a shade of red that is roughly 50% lighter than red.

Light coralEdit

Light coral
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F08080
sRGBB (r, g, b)(240, 128, 128)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 47%, 94%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(66, 82, 12°)
SourceHTML/CSS[3]
X11 color names[7]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The web color light coral is a pinkish-light orange color. It is also a HTML/CSS color name and a X11 color name.

GarnetEdit

Garnet
 
 
Garnet jewelry
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#733635
sRGBB (r, g, b)(115, 54, 53)
HSV (h, s, v)(1°, 54%, 45%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(31, 43, 13°)
SourceEncycolorpedia[23]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color garnet can be considered a dark tone of red, with some slight purple tints.

This color represents the hue of an average garnet gemstone, though garnets can range in color from orange to (very rarely) green. Garnet is the birthstone for those born in January.

Rose ebonyEdit

Rose ebony
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#674846
sRGBB (r, g, b)(103, 72, 70)
HSV (h, s, v)(4°, 32%, 40%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(34, 20, 16°)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorGrayish reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The first recorded use of rose ebony as a color name in English was in 1924.[24]

Chili redEdit

Chili red
 
 
Burmese chili pepper
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E03C31
sRGBB (r, g, b)(224, 60, 49)
HSV (h, s, v)(4°, 78%, 88%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(51, 132, 14°)
SourceNational Flag
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Chili red is the color of red chili peppers. It is the shade of red used in the flags of Chile and South Africa.

VermilionEdit

Vermilion
 
 
Chinese carved cinnabar lacquerware
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E34234
sRGBB (r, g, b)(227, 66, 52)
HSV (h, s, v)(5°, 77%, 89%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(52, 130, 14°)
SourceMaerz and Paul[25]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Vermilion (sometimes spelled vermillion) is both a brilliant red or scarlet pigment, originally made from the powdered mineral cinnabar (see § Cinnabar). It was widely used in the art and decoration of Ancient Rome, in the illuminated manuscripts of the Middle Ages, in the paintings of the Renaissance, as sindoor, an Indian cosmetic powder, and in the art and lacquerware of China.

Misty roseEdit

Misty rose
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FFE4E1
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 228, 225)
HSV (h, s, v)(6°, 12%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(93, 17, 19°)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorPale yellowish pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The web color misty rose is written as mistyrose in HTML code for computer display.[26]

The color name misty rose first came into use in 1987, when this color was formulated as one of the X11 colors, which in the early 1990s became known as the X11 web colors.

Turkey redEdit

Turkey red
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#A91101
sRGBB (r, g, b)(169, 17, 1)
HSV (h, s, v)(6°, 99%, 66%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(36, 114, 13°)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Turkey red is a color that was widely used to dye cotton in the 18th and 19th centuries. It was made using the root of the Rubia plant, through a long and laborious process. It originated in India or Turkey, and was brought to Europe in the 1740s. In France, it was known as rouge d'Andrinople.[27]

SalmonEdit

Salmon
 
 
Sockeye male salmon
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FA8072
sRGBB (r, g, b)(250, 128, 114)
HSV (h, s, v)(6°, 54%, 98%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(67, 95, 17°)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The web color salmon represents the color of the flesh of an average salmon. However, actual salmon flesh can range in hue from a light pinkish-orange to a bright red (as is the case with sockeye salmon).

Coral pinkEdit

Coral Pink
 
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F88379
sRGBB (r, g, b)(248, 131, 121)
HSV (h, s, v)(5°, 51%, 97%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(68, 89, 16°)
SourceISCC-NBS[28]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep yellowish red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color coral pink is a pinkish color.[28]

The first recorded use of coral pink as a color name in English was in 1892.[29] Late in 2016, the color sample was renamed Coral Red by Pantone, as the RGB, Hex and HTML color table showed the same color as being reddish, standing against popular belief of pinkish.

Still today, some people call Coral Red as Coral Pink due to this old attribution.

The complementary color of coral pink is teal[citation needed].

Cantaloupe MelonEdit

Cantaloupe Melon
 
 
A cantaloupe from Australia.
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FDBCB4
sRGBB (r, g, b)(253, 188, 180)
HSV (h, s, v)(7°, 29%, 99%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(82, 45, 19°)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate yellowish pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color cantaloupe melon is a representation of the color of the interior flesh of a cantaloupe, the most commonly consumed melon.

The first recorded use of melon as a color name in English was in 1892.[30]

In 1958, melon was formulated as one of the Crayola colors.

Barn redEdit

Barn Red
 
 
A barn in Oregon, USA
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#7C0902
sRGBB (r, g, b)(124, 9, 2)
HSV (h, s, v)(3°, 98%, 49%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(25, 80, 13°)
SourceMilk Paint
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color barn red is one of the colors on one of the milk paint color lists, paint colors formulated to reproduce the colors historically used on the American frontier and made, like those paints were, with milk. This color is mixed with various amounts of white paint to create any desired shade of the color barn red.[31]

Blood redEdit

Blood red
 
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#660000
sRGBB (r, g, b)(102, 0, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 40%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(19, 65, 12°)
SourceThom Poole's 2017 book Life of Colour[32]: 80 
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color of blood red ranges from crimson to a dark brown-red and may have a slightly orange hue. In the RGB color spectrum, it often consists only of the color red, with no green or blue component; in the CMYK color model blood red has no cyan, and consists only of magenta and yellow with a small amount of black. It is frequently darker than both maroon and dark red.

In China, according to The Language of Color in China,[33] dark blood red is sometimes referred to as "period (i.e., menstruation) red".

Tea roseEdit

Tea rose (red)
 
 
Tea rose
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#F4C2C2
sRGBB (r, g, b)(244, 194, 194)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 20%, 96%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(83, 32, 12°)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate yellowish pink
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color tea rose is the tint of the color that is used in interior design. This color is popular in interior design for painting bedrooms, especially among women.[citation needed]

There is a different color sometimes called tea rose, which is the color of an orange rose called a tea rose.[34] This other color is technically Congo pink.

The first recorded use of tea rose as a color name in English was in 1884.[35]

CinnabarEdit

Cinnabar
 
 
Cinnabar crystals in dolomite
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E44D2E
sRGBB (r, g, b)(228, 77, 46)
HSV (h, s, v)(10°, 80%, 89%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(54, 126, 17°)
SourceThom Poole's 2017 book Life of Colour[32][self-published source?]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color cinnabar derives from the mineral of the same name. It is a slightly orange shade of red, with variations ranging from bright scarlet to brick red.

Dark redEdit

Dark red
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#8B0000
sRGBB (r, g, b)(139, 0, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 55%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(28, 94, 12°)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

This is the web color dark red.

Fire brickEdit

Fire brick
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#B22222
sRGBB (r, g, b)(178, 34, 34)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 81%, 70%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(39, 110, 12°)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

This is the web color fire brick.

Indian redEdit

Indian Red
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#CD5C5C
sRGBB (r, g, b)(205, 92, 92)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 55%, 80%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(53, 85, 12°)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorModerate red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The name Indian red derives from the red laterite soil found in India, which is composed of naturally occurring iron oxides. The first recorded use of "Indian red" as a color term in English was in 1792.[36]

LustEdit

Lust
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#E62020
sRGBB (r, g, b)(230, 32, 32)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 86%, 90%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(49, 152, 12°)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Lust is a rich shade of red.

This color is not mentioned in the 1930 book A Dictionary of Color by Maerz and Paul but is found on the 1955 ISCC-NBS color list.

Maroon (HTML/CSS)Edit

Maroon
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#800000
sRGBB (r, g, b)(128, 0, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 100%, 50%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(26, 86, 12°)
SourceHTML/CSS[3]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDeep reddish brown
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

This is the web color called maroon in HTML/CSS.

RedwoodEdit

Redwood
 
 
A redwood tree
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#A45953
sRGBB (r, g, b)(164, 89, 83)
HSV (h, s, v)(4°, 49%, 64%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(47, 56, 16°)
SourcePantone TPX[37]
ISCC–NBS descriptorDark reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color redwood is a representation of color of the wood of the redwood tree (Sequoia sempervirens).

The first recorded use of redwood as a color name in English was in 1917.[38]

The source of this color is the Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX) color list, color #18-1443—Redwood.[6]

ScarletEdit

Scarlet
 
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF2400
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 36, 0)
HSV (h, s, v)(8°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(55, 172, 14°)
Source[Unsourced]
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Scarlet is a bright red with a slightly orange tinge. According to surveys in Europe and the United States, scarlet and other bright shades of red are the colors most associated with courage, force, passion, heat, and joy.[39] In the Roman Catholic Church, scarlet is the color worn by cardinals, and is associated with the blood of Christ and the Christian martyrs, and with sacrifice.

TomatoEdit

Tomato
 
 
A typical tomato
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF6347
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 99, 71)
HSV (h, s, v)(9°, 72%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(62, 129, 17°)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorVivid reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The web color tomato is a medium reddish-orange color that approximates the color of common supermarket tomatoes. Many vine-ripened tomatoes are a bit redder. The color of tomato soup is slightly less saturated.

The first recorded use of tomato as a color name in English was in 1891.[40]

When the X11 color names were invented in 1987, the color tomato was formulated as one of them.

JasperEdit

Jasper
 
 
Polished red jasper
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#D05340
sRGBB (r, g, b)(208, 83, 64)
HSV (h, s, v)(8°, 69%, 82%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(52, 102, 17°)
SourceCrayola
ISCC–NBS descriptorStrong reddish orange
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The color jasper is named for red jasper, the most commonly known form of jasper; however, as with many gemstones, jasper can be found in many colors, from yellow to brown and even green. The color was formulated by Crayola in 1994 as part of their Gem Tones crayon set.

Rosy brownEdit

Rosy brown
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#BC8F8F
sRGBB (r, g, b)(188, 143, 143)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 24%, 74%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(64, 29, 12°)
SourceX11
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight grayish red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The name for the web color rosy brown first came into use in 1987, when this color was formulated as one of the X11 colors, which in the early 1990s became known as the X11 web colors.

Rose taupeEdit

Rose taupe
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#905D5D
sRGBB (r, g, b)(144, 93, 93)
HSV (h, s, v)(0°, 35%, 56%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(45, 34, 12°)
SourceISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptorGrayish red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The first recorded use of rose taupe as a color name in English was in 1924.[41]

Fluorescent redEdit

Fluorescent red
 
      Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FF2226
sRGBB (r, g, b)(255, 34, 38)
HSV (h, s, v)(359°, 87%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(55, 168, 12°)
Source[2]
ISCC–NBS descriptorLight brilliant red
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Fluorescent red is a light brilliant red color.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Thomas J. Bruno, Paris D. N. Svoronos. CRC Handbook of Fundamental Spectroscopic Correlation Charts. CRC Press, 2005.
    Color
  2. ^ "CSS Color Module Level 3". Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, HTML4 color keywords. W3C. (May 2003). Retrieved on 16 September 2008.
  4. ^ The sRGB values are taken by converting the NCS color 1080-R using the "NCS Navigator" tool at the NCS website.
  5. ^ Type the word "Red" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear.
  6. ^ a b "Search – Find a PANTONE Color". Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  7. ^ a b c X11 rgb.txt Archived 2015-11-07 at the Wayback Machine. XFree86. (February 1994). Retrieved on 16 September 2008.
  8. ^ "Pantone / PMS 17-1664 TCX / Poppy Red / #dc343b Hex Color Code". encycolorpedia.com. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  9. ^ "In Flanders Fields". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  10. ^ "Why the Poppy?". BBC. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  11. ^ Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN 84-89840-31-8
  12. ^ Gallego, Rose and Sanz, Juan Carlos "Diccionario Akal del color" (2001) Akal ISBN 978-84-460-1083-8
  13. ^ Amamiya, K., & Iwashina, T. (2016). Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Flower Pigments in Chocolate Cosmos, Cosmos atrosanguineus, and its Hybrids. Natural Product Communications, 11(1), 77–78.
  14. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203; Color Sample of rosewood Page 33 Plate 5 Color Sample J9
  15. ^ "About the classical guitar". Mangore.com. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
  16. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called imperial red in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color imperial red is displayed on page 27, Plate 2, Color Sample L11.
  17. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 196; Color Sample of Imperial Red: Page 27 Plate 2 Color Sample L11
  18. ^ Shah, David. "Pantone View Color Planner Summer 2007 Key Color Combinations" (PDF). Metropolitan Publishing of Amsterdam. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 January 2007. Retrieved 17 February 2008.
  19. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 193; Color Sample of Cordovan Page 39 Plate 8 Color Sample H8
  20. ^ "Fire Engine Red". FindTheBest.com. Archived from the original on 11 March 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  21. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203; Color sample of rose vale p. 33 Plate 5 Color Sample K9
  22. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 200 Color Sample: Page 31 Plate 4 Color Sample I2
  23. ^ "Garnet/#733635 Hex Color Code". encycolorpedia.com.
  24. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203; Color Sample of rose Ebony Page 39 Plate 8 Color Sample E6
  25. ^ The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called vermilion in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color vermilion is displayed on page 27, Plate 2, Color Sample L11. It is noted on page 193 that the color cinnabar is another name for the color vermilion.
  26. ^ CSS3 Color Module. Retrieved 15 February 2007.
  27. ^ Lowengard, Sarah (2006). The Creation of Color in Eighteenth-Century Europe. Columbia University Press.
  28. ^ a b "Ca through Cz". ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Colo(u)r Names. John C. Foster and Texas Precancel Club. 1955. color sample #26. Archived from the original on July 30, 2017. Retrieved September 22, 2010. The ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names is a color dictionary used by stamp collectors to identify the colors of stamps.
  29. ^ Maerz, Aloys John; Paul, Morris Rea (1930). A Dictionary of Color. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company. p. 193.; color sample of coral pink: page 27, plate 2, color sample F9.
  30. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 199; Color Sample of Melon: Page 27 Plate 2 Color Sample D10
  31. ^ "Color Palette & Tinting Chart". Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  32. ^ a b Thom Poole (2017). Life of Colour. Lulu.com. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-326-65724-6.[self-published source]
  33. ^ Zhou, Jun (2018). The language of color in China. Taylor, Gail. Newcastle upon Tyne. ISBN 978-1527511224. OCLC 1035512873.
  34. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 – McGraw-Hill – Discussion of color tea rose, Page 183
  35. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 183
  36. ^ Mish, Frederic C., Editor in Chief Webster's Tenth New Collegiate Dictionary Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.A.:1994 – Merriam-Webster Page 592
  37. ^ Type the word "Redwood" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear.
  38. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203; Color Sample of Redwood: Page 35 Plate 6 Color Sample K11
  39. ^ Eva Heller (2009), Psychologie de la couleur; effets et symboliques, pp. 42–49
  40. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 205; Color Sample of Tomato: Page 29 Plate 3 Color Sample I12
  41. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203; Color Sample of rose Taupe Page 55 Plate 16 Color Sample A4