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Seventh Avenue station (IND Culver Line)

Seventh Avenue, occasionally referred to as Seventh Avenue–Park Slope, is an express station on the IND Culver Line of the New York City Subway, located at Seventh Avenue and Ninth Street in the Park Slope neighborhood of Brooklyn. It is served by the F and G trains at all times, and by the <F> train during rush hours in the peak direction.

 7 Avenue
 "F" train"F" express train"G" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
7 Av Culver td (2019-02-11) 21.jpg
Coney Island bound platform
Station statistics
AddressSeventh Avenue & Ninth Street
Brooklyn, NY 11215
BoroughBrooklyn
LocalePark Slope
Coordinates40°40′0.59″N 73°58′53.76″W / 40.6668306°N 73.9816000°W / 40.6668306; -73.9816000Coordinates: 40°40′0.59″N 73°58′53.76″W / 40.6668306°N 73.9816000°W / 40.6668306; -73.9816000
DivisionB (IND)
LineIND Culver Line
Services      F all times (all times) <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction (two rush hour trains, peak direction)
      G all times (all times)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: B61, B67, B69
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedOctober 7, 1933; 86 years ago (October 7, 1933)
Station code240[1]
Accessiblenot ADA-accessible; accessibility planned
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Former/other namesSeventh Avenue–Park Slope
Traffic
Passengers (2018)3,572,223[3]Decrease 1.4%
Rank135 out of 424
Station succession
Next northJay Street–MetroTech (express): <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction
Bergen Street (express): no regular service
Fourth Avenue (local): F all timesG all times
Next south15th Street–Prospect Park (local): F all timesG all times
Church Avenue (express): <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction

HistoryEdit

One of the goals of Mayor John Hylan's Independent Subway System (IND), proposed in the 1920s was a line to Coney Island, reached by a recapture of the BMT Culver Line.[4][5] As originally designed, service to and from Manhattan would have been exclusively provided by Culver express trains, while all local service would have fed into the IND Crosstown Line.[6] The line was extended from Bergen Street to Church Avenue on October 7, 1933, including the Seventh Avenue station.[7][8]

The station received a $400,000 renovation starting in 2015.[9] In January 2016, it was proposed to relocate the station booth to the 7th Avenue entrance (where 65% of entrances and exits occur). Most of the mezzanine would also be closed off, and the turnstiles would be replaced.[10] Waist-high turnstiles at the 7th and 8th Avenue ends were installed in August 2016, replacing the HEETS.[11] Much of the mezzanine closed permanently on January 23, 2018, at which time the station booth was relocated.[12] A 2015 proposal to add elevators at the station was rejected because it would have cost $15 million.[13]

Service changesEdit

Upon the station's 1933 opening, service was initially provided by the Eighth Avenue Express A. In 1936, the A was rerouted to the IND Fulton Street Line and E trains from the Queens Boulevard line replaced them.[7] E trains were replaced by the F on December 15, 1940 after the IND Sixth Avenue Line opened.[7] When the Culver Ramp opened in 1954, D Concourse Express trains (which formerly terminated in Manhattan) replaced F service.[14][15]

On November 26, 1967, the Chrystie Street Connection opened and D trains were rerouted via the Manhattan Bridge and the BMT Brighton Line to Coney Island. F trains were extended once again via the Culver Line.[14][16] The center tracks at the station were used for F express service from June 1968[17] to 1976, and for G trains, which were extended from Smith–Ninth Streets to Church Avenue to provide local service.[18][6]

In July 2009, the G was extended from its longtime terminus at Smith–Ninth Streets to a more efficient terminus at Church Avenue to accommodate the rehabilitation of the Culver Viaduct.[18][19] The G extension was made permanent in July 2012.[6][19] Limited rush-hour F express trains started running in September 2019.[20][21]

Station layoutEdit

Track layout
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
to 4 Av
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
G Street Level Exit/Entrance
B1 Eighth Avenue intermediate level Landing in Eighth Avenue staircase
B2 Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
B3
Platform level
Northbound local   toward Jamaica–179th Street (Fourth Avenue)
  toward Court Square (Fourth Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Northbound express   (AM rush hours) toward Jamaica–179th Street (Jay Street–MetroTech)
(No service: Bergen Street)
Southbound express   (PM rush hours) toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (Church Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Southbound local   toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (15th Street–Prospect Park)
  toward Church Avenue (15th Street–Prospect Park)

This station has two island platforms and four tracks. South of this station, the express tracks separate from the local tracks and rejoin beneath them north of Fort Hamilton Parkway, then rise up again. The tile band is mustard yellow with a sienna brown border, set in a three-high "express station" course. The top border is slightly wider than the bottom and bisects the center of the band at regular intervals. This appears to be a modern aberration done during a renovation sometime in the 1980s as historical images show standard IND style color bands before 1972.[22] There is evidence of water damage on both trackside walls.

While this station is underground and Fourth Avenue is on an elevated trestle, this station is actually at a higher elevation than Fourth Avenue. This is because Brooklyn's topography slopes downwards towards the west (hence the neighborhood name of Park Slope), allowing the line to enter into the hillside between the two stations.

The station contains a full-length mezzanine with exits at 7th Avenue and 8th Avenue. Before January 2018, there was around 500 feet (150 m) of open mezzanine stretching across the station outside of fare control. while much of the space within fare control was fenced in. The full-time fare control area and station booth was located in the middle of the mezzanine, between 7th Avenue at 8th Avenue. Waist-high turnstiles led to single staircases to either platform.[10] Unstaffed entrances were located at the either end of the station, allowing customers to exit the station without having to walk to the middle area. Full-height High Entry-Exit Turnstiles (HEETs) were formerly present at these locations. There was a passageway within fare control from the platform stairs at 7th Avenue to a HEET turnstile leading to the station booth.[10] There are four staircases to each platform, two at the 7th Avenue end and two at the 8th Avenue end.[10] One staircase from each platform formerly led to the mezzanine,[11] but has been closed off.[12] Crossovers between service directions are available at all staircases.[10]

ExitsEdit

 
Northern street stair

there are eight street stairs – four going up to all four corners of 9th Street and 7th Avenue, and four going up to all four corners of 9th Street and 8th Avenue.[10] The 8th Avenue entrance also has an intermediate level at the first staircase, otherwise a descending hill.[10]

Inside the fare control near the Eighth Avenue entrance is a large scale painting of Prospect Park's The Raven.[23]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  4. ^ New York Times, Plan to Recapture Culver Line Ready, July 12, 1932, page 9
  5. ^ New York Times, New Subway Routes in Hylan Program to Cost $186,046,000, March 21, 1925, page 1
  6. ^ a b c "Feasibility and Analysis of F Express Service in Brooklyn" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
  7. ^ a b c "Independent Subway Services Beginning in 1932". thejoekorner.com. August 21, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  8. ^ "City Subway Extended". The New York Times. October 7, 1933. p. 16. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  9. ^ Albrecht, Leslie (September 16, 2015). "7th Avenue F/G Subway Station Up For $400K Renovation". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on January 21, 2018. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting: January 2016" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 9, 2016. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
  11. ^ a b Culliton, Kathleen (August 5, 2016). "Park Slope's 7th Ave. Subway Station Gets New High-Speed Turnstiles". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on January 21, 2018. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  12. ^ a b Rizzi, Nicholas (January 19, 2018). "Mezzanine Of 7th Ave F/G Station To Permanently Close, MTA Says". Park Slope, NY Patch. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  13. ^ Albrecht, Leslie (September 22, 2015). "MTA to Park Slope: If You Want Subway Elevators, Find $15 Million". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on November 17, 2017. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  14. ^ a b Sparberg, Andrew J. (October 1, 2014). From a Nickel to a Token: The Journey from Board of Transportation to MTA. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-6190-1.
  15. ^ "Adequate Transit Promised for City". The New York Times. October 29, 1954. p. 25. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 27, 2019.
  16. ^ Perlmutter, Emanuel (November 16, 1967). "Subway Changes to Speed Service: Major Alterations in Maps, Routes and Signs Will Take Effect Nov. 26" (PDF). The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
  17. ^ "'F' Line Rush-Hour Service Will Be Added in Brooklyn" (PDF). The New York Times. June 8, 1969. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  18. ^ a b "Review of F Line Operations, Ridership, and Infrastructure" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 7, 2009. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
  19. ^ a b "Review of the G Line" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 10, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  20. ^ Barone, Vincent (July 9, 2019). "Limited F express service coming to Brooklyn for rush hour". AMNY. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  21. ^ "MTA NYC Transit Adding Limited F Express Service for Brooklyn Residents with Longest Commutes" (Press release). New York City Transit. July 10, 2019. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  22. ^ "Showing Photos 1-24 of 24". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
  23. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Park Slope/Prospect Park" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015.

External linksEdit