Serra Negra is a municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. It belongs to the meso-region of Campinas. Population (2020) was 29,452 inhabitants. Total area: 203,5 km2, demographic density: 112 inhabitants/km2

Serra Negra
Municipality of the Hydromineral Spa of Serra Negra
A view of Serra Negra from the Morro do Mirante
A view of Serra Negra from the Morro do Mirante
Flag of Serra Negra
Coat of arms of Serra Negra
Motto(s): 
Virtvte Pavlistarvm Florvi (Latin for I flourish thanks to the valor of the people of São Paulo)
Anthem: Serra Negra Meu Amor
Location in the state of São Paulo
Location in the state of São Paulo
Coordinates: 22°36′43″S 46°42′03″W / 22.61194°S 46.70083°W / -22.61194; -46.70083Coordinates: 22°36′43″S 46°42′03″W / 22.61194°S 46.70083°W / -22.61194; -46.70083
Country Brazil
RegionSoutheast
State São Paulo
FoundedSeptember 23, 1828
Government
 • MayorAntônio Luigi Ítalo Franchi (DEM)
Area
 • Total203.01 km2 (78.38 sq mi)
Elevation
925 m (3,035 ft)
Population
 (2020 [1])
 • Total29,452
 • Density125.3/km2 (325/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Serra-negrense
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal code
13930-000
Area code(s)19
HDI (2000)0.817 –high
WebsiteSerra Negra

LocationEdit

The name of the city means black mountain range in the Portuguese language. It is located at an altitude of 925 m, in the Serra da Mantiqueira, a mountain range which runs mostly along the border of the state of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. It has a mild climate, being also a busy tourism spot, similarly to its close neighbours, the cities of Lindóia and Águas de Lindóia.

HistoryEdit

Serra Negra was founded on 23 September 1828, but at least a century before that the region was already inhabited and was on the passageway between São Paulo and Minas Gerais. It was elevated to the status of city on 21 April 1885. At the end of the 19th century, the region received a large influx of European immigrants, mostly Italians, who came to work on coffee farms. Mineral water sources were discovered by Luiz Rielli in 1928 and the city became a much sought-after spa town (it is known as the "City of Health").

Population historyEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit