Serra Negra Biological Reserve

Serra Negra Biological Reserve (Portuguese: Reserva Biológica de Serra Negra) is a Biological reserve in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil.

Serra Negra Biological Reserve
Reserva Biológica de Serra Negra
Map showing the location of Serra Negra Biological Reserve
Map showing the location of Serra Negra Biological Reserve
Location in Brazil
Nearest cityPetrolândia, Pernambuco
Coordinates8°39′18″S 38°01′44″W / 8.655°S 38.029°W / -8.655; -38.029Coordinates: 8°39′18″S 38°01′44″W / 8.655°S 38.029°W / -8.655; -38.029
Area624 hectares (1,540 acres)
DesignationBiological reserve
Created20 September 1982

HistoryEdit

Indigenous languages such as Huamoé were spoken in the Serra Negra.[1]

The reserve of 624 hectares (1,540 acres) was created on 20 September 1982.[2] The area at time of creation was 1,100 hectares (2,700 acres). It became part of the Caatinga Ecological Corridor, created in May 2006.[3]

The reserve is in parts of the municipalities of Floresta, Inajá and Tacaratu in Pernambuco.[4] It is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation.[2] Today, the purpose of the reserve is to fully preserve the biota without direct human interference other than actions to restore and preserve the natural balance, biological diversity and natural ecological processes.

EcosystemEdit

The Biological Reserve is classed as a "strict nature reserve" under IUCN protected area category Ia.[5]

The climate of the surrounding area is dry and tropical with an annual average rainfall of 300 to 500 millimetres (12 to 20 in) and average temperature of 22 to 38 °C (72 to 100 °F).

The reserve occupies the summit of an inselberg, or isolated elevation, and is an island of tropical rainforest in the Caatinga area.

Tree species include Libidibia ferrea, Copaifera trapezifolia and Tabebuia.[6] The grey-breasted parakeet (Pyrrhura griseipectus) is a protected species in the reserve.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pompeu Sobrinho, Thomaz. 1958. Línguas Tapuias desconhecidas do Nordeste: Alguns vocabulários inéditos. Boletim de Antropologia (Fortaleza-Ceará) 2. 3-19.
  2. ^ a b c Reserva Biológica de Serra Negra – Chico Mendes.
  3. ^ Ganem 2016, p. 393.
  4. ^ Unidade de Conservação ... MMA.
  5. ^ Triana 2009.
  6. ^ Reserva Biológica da Serra Negra – ViaRural.

SourcesEdit

  • Ganem, Roseli Senna (2016), "Gestão integrada da biodiversidade: corredores, mosaicos e reservas da biosfera" (PDF), Conservação da Biodiversidade Legislação e Políticas Públicas (in Portuguese), archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-11-04, retrieved 2016-11-01
  • Reserva Biológica de Serra Negra (in Portuguese), Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation
  • "Reserva Biológica da Serra Negra", ViaRural, retrieved 2016-04-17
  • Triana, Elisa (29 May 2009), "Strict Nature Reserves in Brazil", The Encyclopedia of Earth, retrieved 2016-04-15
  • Unidade de Conservação: Reserva Biológica de Serra Negra (in Portuguese), MMA: Ministério do Meio Ambiente, retrieved 2016-04-17