Senica (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈsɛɲitsa]; German: Senitz; Hungarian: Szenice) is a town in Trnava Region, western Slovakia. It is located in the north-eastern part of the Záhorie lowland, close to the Little Carpathians.

Senica
Town
Church of the Virgin Mary in October 2011
Church of the Virgin Mary in October 2011
Coat of arms of Senica
Coat of arms
Senica is located in Trnava Region
Senica
Senica
Location of Senica in the Trnava Region
Senica is located in Slovakia
Senica
Senica
Senica (Slovakia)
Coordinates: 48°40′50″N 17°22′00″E / 48.68056°N 17.36667°E / 48.68056; 17.36667Coordinates: 48°40′50″N 17°22′00″E / 48.68056°N 17.36667°E / 48.68056; 17.36667
CountrySlovakia
RegionTrnava
DistrictSenica
First mentioned1256
Government
 • MayorMartin Džačovský
Area
 • Total50.316 km2 (19.427 sq mi)
Elevation
208 m (682 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31[1])
 • Total20,324
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code
905 01
Area code(s)+421-34
Car plateSE
Websitewww.senica.sk

EtymologyEdit

The name is derived from the word seno ("hay") with the suffix -ica used to form a place name.[2]

HistoryEdit

Senica's history is closely related with the Branč castle, built in 1251–1261. It was first mentioned in 1256 and received its city privileges in 1396, confirmed in 1463 and 1492. The city was affected by Turkish wars, anti-Habsburg uprisings and reformation and counter-reformations in the 17th century. In 1746, it became seat of a district within the Nitra county.[3]

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2001 census, the city had 21,253 inhabitants. 96.40% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 1.56% Czechs, 0.84% Roma and 0.14 Hungarians.[4] The religious makeup was 47.28% Roman Catholics, 31.18% people with no religious affiliation, and 17.03% Lutherans.[4]

IndustryEdit

A significant silk-producing company is based in Senica. The company was established in 1954 under the name ″Slovenský hodváb". In 2005 the production of viscose rayon was halted. After the merger of Slovenský hodváb and Kord to the new company Slovkor, it continued only with the production of Synthetic fiber for technical purposes. In February 2014 the factory chimney,[5] which dominated the city more than half century and was visible from long distance, was demolished.[6]

OMS lighting, one of the biggest luminaire companies in East-Central Europe, is also based in Senica. With around 1000 employees and exporting 98% of its production to more than 100 countries, the company is a referent in the economy of Senica.

SportEdit

Senica is one of the locations where Slovak Bandy Association has organised rink bandy sessions.[7][8] The club is called Športový klub Rytieri Bandy Senica and was founded in 2018.[9]

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Senica is twinned with:[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Population and migration". Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  2. ^ Štefánik, Martin; Lukačka, Ján, eds. (2010). Lexikón stredovekých miest na Slovensku [Lexicon of Medieval Towns in Slovakia] (PDF) (in Slovak). Bratislava: Historický ústav SAV. p. 424. ISBN 978-80-89396-11-5.
  3. ^ faby@fu-solution.com, faby // Martin Fabian, Ján Mesároš. "Mesto Senica – oficiálne stránky". MESTO SENICA.
  4. ^ a b "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 17 December 2007. Retrieved 25 December 2007.
  5. ^ List of tallest structures in Slovakia
  6. ^ "V Senici padol 104 metrov vysoký komín, na jeho mieste budú obchody a byty - Záhorí.sk - správy z vašej ulice". zahori.sk. 26 February 2014.
  7. ^ "Poster for a rink bandy session in Senica". fbcdn.net.
  8. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.co.uk.
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ "Partnerské mestá" (in Slovak). Senica. Retrieved 3 September 2019.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Senica at Wikimedia Commons