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Trutnov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtrutnof]; German: Trautenau) is a city in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic. It has a population of more than 30,000 and lies in the Krkonoše in the valley of the Úpa River.

Trutnov
Town
Skyline of Trutnov
Flag of Trutnov
Flag
Coat of arms of Trutnov
Coat of arms
Trutnov is located in Czech Republic
Trutnov
Trutnov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°33′38″N 15°54′47″E / 50.56056°N 15.91306°E / 50.56056; 15.91306Coordinates: 50°33′38″N 15°54′47″E / 50.56056°N 15.91306°E / 50.56056; 15.91306
CountryCzech Republic
RegionHradec Králové
DistrictTrutnov
First mentioned1260
Government
 • MayorIvan Adamec
Area
 • Total103.36 km2 (39.91 sq mi)
Elevation
414 m (1,358 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01[1])
 • Total30,372
 • Density290/km2 (760/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
541 01
Websitewww.trutnov.cz

Trutnov is located on a 12th-century Slavic settlement named after the Úpa River; the first written mention of this settlement is from 1260. In order to develop the countryside, King Wenceslaus I of Bohemia granted German settlers the right to establish a town at the pre-existing settlement. The first mention of the German name Trautenau, from which the modern name Trutnov is derived, is from a document of King Wenceslaus II in 1301. Since the end of the 14th century, Trutnov was a dowry town for the Bohemian queen. Its stout defenses repelled all enemies except for a capture by Jan Žižka during the Hussite Wars in 1421 and sieges by the Swedes during the Thirty Years' War in 1642 and 1647. It also was the site of the Battle of Trautenau in 1866 during the Austro-Prussian War.

Trutnov is the birthplace of Samuel Fritz (1654–1730), Jesuit missionary who was the first to produce an accurate map of the Amazon River in 1707.

For centuries, Trutnov relied on farming for its economy, but it began to be industrialized during the 19th century. In 1823, Johannes Faltis constructed a linen manufactury and a cotton weaving mill. Textiles remain an important part of the city's economy. Germans were the ethnic majority in the town until their expulsion in 1945.

In 1974, Václav Havel, the future president of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic, worked for nine months at the Krakonoš brewery.[2]

Hockey team HC Trutnov is based in the city. [3]

Trutnov has hosted the Trutnov Open Air Music Festival since 1990 and, since 1999, has hosted the Obscene Extreme Festival.

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International relationsEdit

Famous peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  2. ^ Rissanen, Mika. "From the brewery to the presidency". Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  3. ^ s.r.o., eSports.cz,. "HC BAK Trutnov » Hlavní stránka". Oficiální internetová prezentace klubu HC BAK Trutnov (in Czech). Retrieved 2018-07-26.

External linksEdit