Scorton, North Yorkshire

Scorton is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It is approximately 8 miles (13 km) north-west of the county town of Northallerton.

Scorton
Scorton.JPG
Scorton Village Green
Scorton is located in North Yorkshire
Scorton
Scorton
Location within North Yorkshire
Population1,012 (Including Uckerby. 2011)
OS grid referenceNZ249002
• London200 mi (320 km) S
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townRICHMOND
Postcode districtDL10
Dialling code01748
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°23′49″N 1°36′42″W / 54.3969°N 1.6116°W / 54.3969; -1.6116Coordinates: 54°23′49″N 1°36′42″W / 54.3969°N 1.6116°W / 54.3969; -1.6116

HistoryEdit

The village is mentioned in Domesday Book as "Scortone" in the lands of Count Alan of Brittany, who was tenant-in-chief during the Norman invasion. Before the invasion the manor was granted to Thorfin of Ravensworth but subsequently granted in 1086 to Bodin, brother of Bardulf.[1] The manor was thereafter split into two parts, the larger granted to the Fitz Hugh family and the smaller to the Fitz Alans. The descent of the larger part of the manor followed that of the manor of Kirkby Ravensworth until 1512 when it came into the Fiennes family, who were entitled as Baron Dacre. In 1600 the manor was left to Charles Tankard and Christopher Jeynes, who had sold it to Leonard Wastell by 1616. Towards the end of the 18th century the manor passed to the Earl of Tyrconnel and followed that family's descent.[2][3]

The name is derived from a combination of the Old Norse word skor, meaning a rift in the rock, and the Old English suffix tūn, meaning farm or settlement. Put together they mean ravine farm.[4][5]

Scorton was home to the now closed Scorton Grammar School, 1720–1991. Most of the buildings and grounds have been converted into houses. Scorton has a raised village green, one of only two in England.[6] It is said that the green was built in the early 18th century by John Noble, the first headmaster of Scorton Grammar School. There was also a hospital, St John of God, built in 1880 in the grounds of the former convent of St Clare. It is now a nursing home, Abbey Care Village.[2][3]

 
Former Scorton Station, North Yorkshire

Between 1939 and 1945 the village was home to RAF Scorton, which served as a satellite of RAF Catterick. Many squadrons flew from Scorton during the Second World War including No. 56 Squadron RAF who flew Spitfires and others who flew Beaufighters. The aerodrome has now been extensively quarried away.

Scorton was once served by the Eryholme-Richmond branch line but it was closed in 1969. The station building is now a house and much of the line between Scorton railway station and Catterick Bridge has been destroyed by quarrying.[7]

GovernanceEdit

The village is in the Richmond UK Parliament constituency. It is also in the Catterick Bridge electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Brompton-on-Swale and Scorton ward of Richmondshire District Council.[8]

GeographyEdit

The village is at the northern end of the B6271 from Northallerton where the B1263 from Richmond joins it. Scorton Beck, a tributary of the River Swale, flows south on the east side of the village. The nearest settlements are Bolton-on-Swale 0.5 miles (0.8 km) to the south, Catterick 1.4 miles (2.3 km) to the south west and Brompton-on-Swale 2 miles (3.2 km) to the west.[8]

DemographyEdit

Population [9][10][11]
Year 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 2001 2011
Total 407 515 465 544 558 572 764 871 959 1,012

2001 censusEdit

The 2001 UK census showed that the population was 48.6% male and 51.4% female. The religious constituency was 84% Christian and the rest stating no religion or not stating at all. The ethnic make-up was 97.6% White British, 1.7% White other and 0.7% White Irish. There were 367 dwellings.[10]

2011 censusEdit

The 2011 UK census showed that the population was still 48.6% male and 51.4% female. The religious constituency was 76.8% Christian, 0.2% Buddhist, 0.1% Muslim, 0.4% Hindu, 0.1% Jewish and the rest stating no religion or not stating at all. The ethnic make-up was 96.7% White British, 1.3% White Other, 0.8% Mixed Ethnic, 0.8% British Asian and 0.1% British Black. There were 403 dwellings.[11]

Community and cultureEdit

 
Scorton village hall

Scorton once had four public houses. The Royal and St Cuthbert's Inn have been closed and converted into houses. The Heifer and the Farmers’ Arms survive. There are several small businesses including a village shop incorporating a post office. Education for Years 1-6 is provided at Bolton-on-Swale St Mary's Church of England (VA) Primary School.[12]

The village is home to the Ancient Scorton Silver Arrow contest, an archery competition founded in the village in 1673 which returns to Scorton only when a resident wins as last happened in 2008.[13][14][3] Scorton is also known for the annual Scorton Feast held around 15 August each year, which celebrated its 750th anniversary in 2006.

ReligionEdit

Scorton Methodist Church, on the village green, was built in 1908 and formed part of the Richmond Circuit but is now on the North Yorkshire Dales Circuit.[3] St Mary's Church in Bolton-on-Swale is the nearest Church of England place of worship and St Joseph and St Francis Xavier Church in Richmond is the nearest Roman Catholic Church.[15]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Scorton in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "History". Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. p. 376. ISBN 1-86150-299-0.
  4. ^ Watts (2011). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press. p. 532. ISBN 978-0521168557.
  5. ^ A.D. Mills (1998). Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford Paperbacks. pp. 409–10. ISBN 978-0192800749.
  6. ^ Chrystal, Paul (2017). The Place Names of Yorkshire; Cities, Towns, Villages, Rivers and Dales, some Pubs too, in Praise of Yorkshire Ales (1 ed.). Catrine: Stenlake. p. 71. ISBN 9781840337532.
  7. ^ Ludlam, A.J. (1993). The Catterick Camp Military Railway and the Richmond Branch. The Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-438-5.
  8. ^ a b Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  9. ^ "Population at Censuses". Vision of Britain. 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  10. ^ a b "2001 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2002. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  11. ^ a b "2011 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  12. ^ "Scorton businesses". Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  13. ^ "The Antient Silver Arrow - The Scorton Arrow". Scorton Arrow. The Society of Archers and The Antient Silver Arrow. Retrieved 26 December 2015.
  14. ^ "Scorton Arrow". Retrieved 26 December 2015.
  15. ^ "Churches". Retrieved 31 May 2013.

External linksEdit