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Saqqez (Persian: سقز‎), also known as Saghez, Saqez, Saqqiz, Saqiz, and Sakīz,[2] is a city which is the capital of Saqqez County, Kurdistan Province, Iran. According to the 2016 census, its population was 165258.

Saqqez

سه‌قز, Seqiz
City
Saqqez in the evening
Saqqez in the evening
Saqqez is located in Iran
Saqqez
Saqqez
Coordinates: 36°14′47″N 46°15′59″E / 36.24639°N 46.26639°E / 36.24639; 46.26639Coordinates: 36°14′47″N 46°15′59″E / 36.24639°N 46.26639°E / 36.24639; 46.26639
Country Iran
ProvinceKurdistan
CountySaqqez
BakhshCentral
Government
 • MayorChiya Salehibabamiry
Elevation
1,476 m (4,843 ft)
Population
(2016 Census)
 • Total165,258 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

The spoken language in the city is Kurdish, but the language which is used in schools and offices is Persian, as the official language of Iran in which almost everyone in the city is fluent.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Kurds and their Iranian ancestors have lived in Saqqez and its surrounding area since about 1000 BC. By the mid-seventh century BC the Scythians reached their zenith in western Asia under Bartatua, and the Saqqez region was their political center.[3] During the pre-Islamic era Saqqez and its surrounding area made up a small country, Sagapeni, believed to be related to the ancient Iranian Sakas (Scythians) from which the city's name derives. Saqqez has two parts: historic and new.

 
Jewish bazaar in Saqqez
 
Naqshbandi Khanqahh in the Saqqez bazaar

WildlifeEdit

 
Kamatouh plain

Saqqez has a variety of wildlife, including bears (wrch), wolves, squirrels, partridge, eagles, foxes, antelope, quail and hogs.

ClimateEdit

At an altitude of 1,476 metres (4,842 feet), Saqqez has a varied climate with cold snowy winters and hot dry summers. According to the Köppen climate classification, the city has a hot-summer variant of the continental Mediterranean climate (Dsa). In summer, the temperature fluctuates widely due to the thin, dry air and low summertime humidity. In 1969 Saqqez recorded a temperature of −36 °C (−33 °F), the lowest ever recorded by an Iranian weather station until Kheirabad Zanjan recorded −36.4 °C (−33.5 °F) on January 29, 1997.[4][5] Saqqez again reached −36 °C. during the February 3–9 1972 Iran blizzard. Saqqez unofficially reached −45.8 °C (−50.4 °F) in December 2006 and −42.3 °C (−44.1 °F) in January 2007, the lowest temperatures recorded in an Iranian city.[6][7]

Climate data for Saqqez, Iran
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
20
(68)
24
(75)
29
(84)
34.4
(93.9)
39
(102)
43
(109)
42
(108)
39
(102)
32
(90)
26
(79)
22.2
(72.0)
43
(109)
Average high °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
4.7
(40.5)
11.0
(51.8)
17.3
(63.1)
23.1
(73.6)
29.8
(85.6)
34.3
(93.7)
34.2
(93.6)
29.8
(85.6)
22.2
(72.0)
13.4
(56.1)
6.1
(43.0)
19.03
(66.25)
Average low °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−6.7
(19.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.6
(38.5)
6.6
(43.9)
9.5
(49.1)
14.0
(57.2)
13.4
(56.1)
8.3
(46.9)
4.4
(39.9)
−0.3
(31.5)
−4.6
(23.7)
3.24
(37.83)
Record low °C (°F) −33
(−27)
−36
(−33)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−9
(16)
−5
(23)
−0.6
(30.9)
3.8
(38.8)
4.8
(40.6)
−0.4
(31.3)
−7
(19)
−24
(−11)
−32
(−26)
−36
(−33)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 66.6
(2.62)
58.7
(2.31)
79.5
(3.13)
83.6
(3.29)
52.0
(2.05)
5.8
(0.23)
2.9
(0.11)
2.5
(0.10)
1.4
(0.06)
27.8
(1.09)
56.9
(2.24)
61.7
(2.43)
499.4
(19.66)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 8.5 8.3 10.0 9.8 7.0 1.2 0.7 0.6 0.5 4.3 6.2 8.1 65.2
Average relative humidity (%) 73 70 64 58 52 40 35 33 33 47 63 71 53
Mean monthly sunshine hours 121.5 142.2 177.4 213.1 287.1 345.1 357.4 344.3 311.1 254.3 174.1 123.4 2,851
Source: Synoptic Stations Statistics

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  2. ^ Saqqez can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3082379" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ The Cambridge ancient history, Volume 3, Part 2, By Cambridge University Press, see page 565, ISBN 0-521-22717-8
  4. ^ http://www.payvand.com/news/08/feb/1191.html
  5. ^ http://www.irimo.ir/english/monthly&annual/map/province/zanjan.asp Archived 2011-06-15 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-05. Retrieved 2010-04-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ http://www.irimo.ir Iranian Meteorological Organisation's "Century weather stats data bank"