Sangay National Park

Sangay National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Sangay) is a national park located in the Morona Santiago, Chimborazo, Tungurahua, Cañar and Azuay provinces of Ecuador. The park contains two active volcanoes (Tungurahua and Sangay), one extinct volcano El Altar (Kapak Urku). Protecting a range of elevations from 900 to 5319 meters above sea level, Sangay National Park contains a wide variety of habitats, including glaciers, volcanic landscapes, tropical rainforests, cloud forests, wetlands, grasslands, and one of the largest regions of páramo (high elevation moorlands) in Ecuador.[1] 327 lakes feed into a vast wetland system covering 31.5 square kilometers.[1]

Sangay National Park
Parque nacional Sangay
Ecuador SanguayNationalPark.JPG
Sangay National Park
Map showing the location of Sangay National Park
Map showing the location of Sangay National Park
Coordinates1°50′S 78°20′W / 1.833°S 78.333°W / -1.833; -78.333Coordinates: 1°50′S 78°20′W / 1.833°S 78.333°W / -1.833; -78.333
Area5,177.65 km2 (1,999.10 sq mi)
Criteriavii, viii, ix, x
Designated1983 (7th session)
Reference no.260
RegionLatin America and the Caribbean

Because of its complex ecology and geology, as well as its outstanding biodiversity, the park has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983.[1] In 1992, it was added to the List of World Heritage in Danger due to illegal poaching, extensive grazing, unplanned road construction and encroachment of the park's perimeter. It was removed from the UNESCO list of endangered sites in 2005.


Due to the variety of habitats found within the park, the fertile volcanic soil, and the relatively unaltered landscape, Sangay National Park preserves an exceptional number of native species.[1] Over 3,000 flowering plant species have been documented within the park, in addition to more than 430 bird, 107 mammal, 33 amphibian, 14 reptile, and 17 fish species.[1]

The National Park is an important refuge for rare species of the Andes, like the mountain tapir and spectacled bear. The park is a vital stronghold for the endangered mountain tapir in particular.[2] In the forests below live spectacled bears, giant otter, jaguar, ocelot, margay, Brazilian tapir, white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus ustus), little red brocket deer and Northern pudu. The cougar and pampas cat have been recorded in the park as well.[3] Caenolestes sangay, a species of shrew opossum, was originally described in 2013 from specimens collected from Sangay National Park.[4]

Over 400 bird species inhabit the Park,[5] and it has been recognised as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International.[6] Notable bird species resident to the park include the Andean Condor and Andean Cock-of-the-rock.[1]

In 2016, a new frog species in the genus Pristimantis (Pristimantis tinguichaca) was described from the park's cloud forest.[7]


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Sangay National Park". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  2. ^ Downer, CC. (1996). "The mountain tapir, endangered 'flagship' species of the high Andes". Oryx. 30 (1): 45–58. doi:10.1017/s0030605300021384.
  3. ^ Nowell, K.; Jackson, P. (1996). Wild Cats: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan (PDF). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
  4. ^ Ojala-Barbour, R.; Pinto, C.M.; Brito, J.; Albuja, L.; Lee, T.E.; Patterson, B.D. (2013). "A new species of shrew-opossum (Paucituberculata: Caenolestidae) with a phylogeny of extant caenolestids". Journal of Mammalogy. 94 (5): 967–982. doi:10.1644/13-MAMM-A-018.1.
  5. ^ UNEP & WCMC: SANGAY NATIONAL PARK ECUADOR, (letztes update 2005) PDF[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Sangay National Park". BirdLife Data Zone. BirdLife International. 2021. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  7. ^ Brito M, J., Ojala-Barbour, R., Batallas R, D. and Almendáriz C, A. (2016). "A New Species of Pristimantis (Amphibia: Strabomantidae) from the Cloud Forest of Sangay National Park, Ecuador". Journal of Herpetology. 50 (2): 337–344. doi:10.1670/13-103. S2CID 55346001.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

External linksEdit