Northern pudu

The northern pudu (Pudu mephistophiles, Mapudungun püdü or püdu,[3] Spanish: pudú, Spanish pronunciation: [puˈðu]) is a species of South American deer native to the Andes of Colombia, Venezuela, Peru and Ecuador. It is the world's smallest deer.[4] and is classified as Data Deficient in the IUCN Red List.[5]

Northern pudu
Pudu mephistolephis.png
Northern pudu (P. mephistophiles)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Capreolinae
Genus: Pudu
P. mephistophiles
Binomial name
Pudu mephistophiles
de Winton, 1896[2]
Pudu mephistophiles map.png
Geographic range of Pudu mephistophiles


The northern pudu is the smallest species of deer in the world. It is 32 to 35 cm (13 to 14 in) tall at the shoulder and weighs 3.3 to 6 kg (7.3 to 13.2 lb).[6] The antlers of the northern pudu grow to about 6 cm (2.4 in) long and curve backward. Its coat tends to be lighter than that of the southern pudu, but the face is darker compared to the coat.[6] It is found at higher altitudes than its sister species, from 2,000 to 4,000 m (6,600 to 13,100 ft) above sea level.


  1. ^ Barrio, J.; Tirira, D.G. (2019). "Pudu mephistophiles". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T18847A22163836. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-1.RLTS.T18847A22163836.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. ^ de Winton, W. E. (1896). "On some Mammals from Ecuador". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 64 (2): 508–512. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1896.tb03055.x.
  3. ^ Muñoz Urrutia, Rafael, ed. (2006). Diccionario Mapuche: Mapudungun/Español, Español/Mapudungun (in Spanish) (2nd ed.). Santiago, Chile: Editorial Centro Gráfico Ltda. p. 184. ISBN 956-8287-99-X.
  4. ^ "Southern Pudu". Animal Planet. 2009. Retrieved 19 September 2009.
  5. ^ "Pudu mephistophiles". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T18848A22164089. 2021. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T18848A22164089.en.
  6. ^ a b Geist, Valerius (September 1998). Deer of the World: Their Evolution, Behaviour, and Ecology. Stackpole Books. pp. 119–121. ISBN 978-0-8117-0496-0.