Sangad Chaloryu

Admiral Sangad Chaloryu (Thai: สงัด ชลออยู่; RTGSSa-ngat Chaloyu; 4 March 1915 – 23 November 1980) was a Thai admiral and politician who served as head of the National Administrative Reform Council (NARC), a military junta that ruled Thailand from 1976-1980.[3][4]


Sangad Chaloryu
สงัด ชลออยู่
สงัด ชลออยู่.jpg
Minister of Defense
In office
22 October 1976 – 20 October 1977
Prime MinisterThanin Kraivichien
Preceded bySeni Pramoj
Succeeded byLek Neawmalee
In office
5 October 1976 – 6 October 1976
Prime MinisterSeni Pramoj
Preceded bySeni Pramoj
Succeeded byLek Neawmalee
Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces
In office
1 October 1975 – 30 September 1976
Preceded byKris Sivara
Succeeded byKamon Dechatungkha
Commander in Chief of the Royal Thai Navy
In office
19 November 1973 – 30 September 1976
Preceded byCherdchai Thomya
Succeeded byAmorn Sirigaya
Personal details
Born(1915-03-04)4 March 1915
Suphan Buri, Siam
Died23 November 1980(1980-11-23) (aged 65)
Bangkok, Thailand
Spouse(s)Sukon Chaloryu
Alma materRoyal Thai Naval Academy
ProfessionNavy officer
Military service
Allegiance Thailand
Branch/service Royal Thai Navy
Emblem of the Royal Thai Armed Forces HQ.svgRoyal Armed Forces
Years of service1933 - 1977
RankRTA OF-9 (General).svg General
RTN OF-9 (Admiral).svg Admiral[1]
RTAF OF-9 (Air Chief Marshal).svg Air Chief Marshal[2]
CommandsSupreme Commander
Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Navy

Sangad was considered to be a right-wing hawk and close to the CIA. In the 1930s as a young Naval Midshipman he had trained in Nazi Germany in radar operations. As Commander of Naval flotilla in 1954, he helped French Marines and elite forces to escape from Vietnam after Hanoi was overrun by the Vietminh. As defense minister, Sa-ngad led the coup of October 6, 1976.[5] This coup ousted the elected civilian government of Seni Pramoj. Sa-ngad became chairman of NARC, which appointed royal favorite Thanin Kraivichien as prime minister. The Tanin government instituted sweeping purges of leftists and communists. Sa-ngad was a figurehead and Army Secretary Kriangsak Chomanan was NARC's the most influential figure. NARC staged a second coup in October 1977, this time without the king's consent, and replaced Thanin with Kriangsak.[6][7]


Military careerEdit

  • Submarine Squadron Commander
  • Assistant Chief of Staff (operation)
  • Commander of the Royal Thai Fleet
  • Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Navy
  • Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Navy
  • Supreme Commander of the Royal Thai Armed Forces

Non-military activitiesEdit

  • Member of the House of Representatives
  • Member of the Constituent Assembly
  • Senator
  • Minister of Defense[8]
  • Leader of 1976 coup
  • Leader of March 1977 coup attempt
  • President of the National Policy Council
  • Member of the National Legislative Assembly[9]



Political offices
Preceded by
Choetchai Thomya
Navy chief
Nov. 19, 1973 – Sept. 30, 1975
Succeeded by
Amorn Sirikaya
Preceded by
Krit Srivara
Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces
Oct. 1, 1975 – Oct. 1, 1976
Succeeded by
Kamon Dachatungkha
Preceded by
Seni Pramoj
Minister of Defense
Oct. 5, 1976 – Oct. 20, 1977
Succeeded by
Lek Naeomali