Chai Nat Province

Chai Nat (Thai: ชัยนาท, pronounced [t͡ɕʰāj nâːt]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand.[4] Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Nakhon Sawan, Sing Buri, Suphan Buri, and Uthai Thani. The town of Chai Nat is 188 km north of Bangkok.[5]

Chai Nat

Flag of Chai Nat
Official seal of Chai Nat
Map of Thailand highlighting Chai Nat Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Chai Nat Province
CapitalChai Nat
 • GovernorNimit Wanchaithanawong (since October 2016)
 • Total2,470 km2 (950 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 65th
 • Total328,263
 • RankRanked 68th
 • Density132.9/km2 (344/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 32nd
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.4840 "low"
Ranked 75th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
Calling code056
ISO 3166 codeTH-18


Chai Nat is on the flat river plain of central Thailand's Chao Phraya River valley. In the south of the province the Chao Phraya Dam (formerly Chai Nat Dam) impounds the Chao Phraya River, both for flood control as well as to divert water into the country's largest irrigation system for the irrigation of rice paddies in the lower river valley. The dam, part of the Greater Chao Phraya Project, was finished in 1957 and was the first dam constructed in Thailand.


Chai Nat was first established during the Ayutthaya period and was used as a successful base of operations for confronting the Burmese army. As the Burmese were defeated every time, the area earned the name Chai Nat, 'place of victory'.[4]


The provincial seal shows a dhammachakka and in the background a mountain. It refers to the Dhammachak Buddha image housed in the wihaan of Wat Dhammamoen, built on the slope of a mountain.[6]

The provincial tree is the Bael fruit tree (Aegle marmelos), and the provincial flower the Rainbow Shower tree (Cassia javanica).

The slogan of the province is "Venerable Luangpu Suk, renowned Chao Phraya Dam, famous bird park and tasty khao taengkwa pomelo".

Administrative divisionsEdit

Map of Chai Nat with 8 districts

Chai Nat is divided into eight districts (amphoes). The districts are further subdivided into 53 sub-districts (tambons) and 474 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Chai Nat
  2. Manorom
  3. Wat Sing
  4. Sapphaya
  1. Sankhaburi
  2. Hankha
  3. Nong Mamong
  4. Noen Kham

Human achievement index 2017Edit

Index for the province Chai Nat[3]
HAI indices Map Index Rank list
Health 2 0.5074 60th
Education 3 0.3175 62nd
Employment 4 0.3715 75th
Income 5 0.3606 69th
Housing and environment 6 0.6151 75th
Family and community life 7 0.5277 63rd
Transport and communication 8 0.5610 34th
Participation 9 0.6113 25th
HAI 2017 1 0.4840 75th

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]
Province Chai Nat, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.4840, takes the 75th place in the rankings. This is "low" between the values of 0.4637 and 0.5637.


Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.


  1. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.[dead link]
  2. ^ "ร่ยงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Archived from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b c ดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017] (PDF). (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. p. 60. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved 14 September 2019, Maps 1-9[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ a b "About Chainat". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Archived from the original on 22 April 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  5. ^ "Distance: Bangkok to Chai Nat". Google Maps. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  6. ^ "Chainat". THAILEX Travel Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 29 May 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2015.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 15°11′06″N 100°07′29″E / 15.18500°N 100.12472°E / 15.18500; 100.12472