San Francisco (sans-serif typeface)

San Francisco is a neo-grotesque typeface made by Apple Inc. It was first released to developers on November 18, 2014.[1][2] It is the first new typeface designed at Apple in nearly twenty years and has been inspired by Helvetica and DIN.[1]

San Francisco
CategorySans-serif
ClassificationNeo-grotesque
FoundryApple Inc.
Date releasedNovember 18, 2014
LicenseProprietary
Design based onHelvetica Neue
VariationsSF Pro
SF Condensed
SF Compressed
SF Expanded
SF Compact
SF Mono
SF Camera
Also known asSF
Websitehttps://developer.apple.com/fonts/
Latest release version17.0d9e1

The macOS Catalina font Galvji is similar to the San Francisco variant SF Pro Text but has lower leading and bigger spacing.

VariantsEdit

Name Type Introduced Common Usage
SF Pro/SF UI Normal 2015 System font for Apple software
SF Condensed (Derived from SF Pro) Condensed 2016 Apple News, Stocks, Maps, Apple Cash
SF Compressed (Derived from SF Pro) Compressed 2020 Apple News, Photos, Clips
SF Expanded (Derived from SF Pro) Expanded 2021 Maps, Photos
SF Compact Compact 2015 watchOS, Photos, product text
SF Mono Monospaced 2016 Monospaced body text in software such as Terminal, Console, and Xcode
SF Camera Regular 2019 Camera

Note: SF has the codename SFNS in macOS and SFUI in iOS, regardless of the official name.

Stylistic fonts exist, which are mainly present in the iOS 16 Lock Screen, Apple Cash, watchOS Watch Faces, and several promotional materials. These include chiseled, stenciled, semi-rounded, dotted, and outlined versions.

Some variants have two optical sizes: "display" for large and "text" for small text. Compared to display, the letters in text have larger apertures and more generous letter-spacing. The operating system automatically chooses the display optical size for sizes of at least 20 points, and the text optical size otherwise.[3] Variable grades were eventually added in newer versions.

SF Pro/SF UIEdit

UI font for macOS, iOS, iPadOS, and tvOS. In 2017, a revised version, SF Pro was introduced, supporting an expanded list of weights, optical sizes, glyphs and languages.[4] SF Pro Rounded (codename SFUIRounded) was introduced in 2018.

  • SF Pro Text comes with 9 weights with their italics. Initially had only 6 weights when introduced.
  • SF Pro Display comes with 9 weights with their italics.
  • SF Pro Rounded comes with 9 weights. It has the same figure as the "display" version but with rounded corners.

These fonts, for use in different languages, can be found on the Apple website in their corresponding regions of use as variations of SF Pro:

  • SF Pro AR is an Arabic font;[5] SF Pro JP is a Japanese font. SF Pro KR is a Korean font, and SF Pro TH is a Thai font.
  • SF Pro SC, SF Pro TC and SF Pro HK are Chinese fonts; they are labeled as the PingFang family.

SF Pro is a variable font that also has variable widths in conjunction with weights, optical sizes, and grades. One of them is a print-optimized variant, SF Hello exists, which is restricted to Apple employees and permitted contractors and vendors, and is therefore unavailable for public use.[6][7] This results in three fonts derived from SF Pro as shown below;

SF CondensedEdit

A condensed variant of SF Pro.

  • SF Condensed Text has 6 weights.
  • SF Condensed Display has 9 weights.

Variants are internally named SF Cash, SF Shields, and SF Condensed Photos, but those are all offshoots from the same font.

SF CompressedEdit

A compressed variant of SF Pro. DIfferent from SF Condensed, vertical edges are fully straight, and its kerning is much closer.

SF ExpandedEdit

Internally called SF Wide, it is an expanded variant of SF Pro.

SF CompactEdit

Initial font introduced with the Apple Watch and watchOS, but was later rebranded as SF Compact with the introduction of SF UI at WWDC 2015. Different from SF Pro, its characters' round curves are flatter, allowing the letters to be laid out with more space between them, thereby making the text more legible at small sizes, which Apple Watch small screen demands.[3] SP Compact Rounded was introduced in 2016.

  • SF Compact Text comes with 9 weights with their italics. Initially had only 6 weights when introduced.
  • SF Compact Display comes with 9 weights with their italics.
  • SF Compact Rounded comes with 9 weights. It has the same figure as the "display" version but with rounded corners.

SF MonoEdit

A monospaced variant. UI font for the Terminal, Console, and Xcode applications.[8] It was introduced at WWDC 2016.[9]

  • SF Mono comes with 6 weights with their italics.

SF CameraEdit

Introduced on September 10, 2019 at Apple's keynote; Phil Schiller mentioned it while summarizing the camera updates on iPhone 11 Pro. Different from SF Pro, this variant has a boxier design which gives an industrial and professional look. Its figure and tracking are similar to SF Compact Text.

Other fontsEdit

SF Serif (New York)Edit

A serif variant. It was introduced as SF Serif (codename Serif UI) at WWDC 2018 as the UI font for the redesigned Apple Books app for IOS 12.[10] It was officially released under the name New York on the Apple Developer site on June 3, 2019.[11]

  • New York Small comes with 6 weights with their italics.
  • New York Medium comes with 6 weights with their italics.
  • New York Large comes with 6 weights with their italics.
  • New York Extra Large comes with 6 weights with their italics.

The font includes OpenType features for lining and old-style figures in both proportional and tabular widths. Despite Apple having a font with the same name with the bitmap format for the original Macintosh (and later converted to TrueType format), it is unrelated to this design.

Variable FontsEdit

Apple introduced the OpenType Font Variations feature of their SF fonts in WWDC20.[12] It is included as a TrueType Font in the installer file on the Developer website.

  • SF Pro, SF Pro Italic, and SF Compact feature variable weights and variable optical sizes of between "text" and "display".
  • SF Compact Italic features variable weights but has "text" optical size only.
  • New York and New York Italic feature variable weights and variable optical sizes between "small" and "extra large".

SF SymbolsEdit

SF Symbols refers to symbols and icons used in the Apple operating systems. To fit Apple's objectives of core functionality and "easy to use"-ness, these symbols are designed using Apple's visual language and unified design elements. They also include the squircle instead of standard rounded corners for a more comfortable look, similar to what Apple has used in their other designs. By using unified symbols, users can experience the easiness and intuitiveness when interacting between Apple's devices, services, and apps.

Apple's symbols are included as glyphs in the font file of SF Pro, SF Pro Rounded, SF Compact, and SF Compact Rounded (also in their variable font file). Each symbol is available in 3 sizes. These symbols change their thickness and negative space according to chosen weight, they even utilized with the Opentype Variation feature. Using the SF Symbols app can access more features such as refined alignment, multicolor, and localization of symbols. [13] The symbols properties seems not unified across variants, such as different Unicode arrangement for few symbols resulting different symbols when switching between variants, and also some symbols has noticeable very little details difference in some variants.version 16.0d18e1

These symbols are available for developers to use in their apps on Apple platforms only. Developers are allowed to customize it to desired styles and colors, but certain symbols may not be modified and may only be used to refer to its respective Apple services or devices as listed in the license description.

UsageEdit

Since its introduction, San Francisco has gradually replaced most of Apple's other typefaces on their software and hardware products and for overall branding[14] and has replaced Lucida Grande and Helvetica Neue as the system typeface of macOS and iOS since OS X El Capitan and iOS 9.[15][11][16] Apple uses it on its website and for its product wordmarks, where it replaced Myriad Pro. It is also used on Magic Keyboard and on the keyboard of the 2015 MacBook and on the 2016 MacBook Pro, replacing VAG Rounded.[17] It is also used as Apple's corporate typeface.[18]

Apple restricts the usage of the typeface by others. It is licensed to registered third-party developers only for the design and development of applications for Apple's platforms.[11] Only SF Pro, SF Compact, SF Mono, SF Arabic, and New York variants are available for download on Developer website and they are the only SF variants allowed to be used by developers.

The San Francisco Chronicle described the font as having nothing to do with the city and just being "Helvetica on a low-carb diet".[19]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Brownlee, John (November 19, 2014). "Apple Releases Its Most Important Typeface in 20 Years". Fast Company. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
  2. ^ Williams, Owen (November 18, 2014). "Meet Apple's new font, designed for its smartwatch". The Next Web. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
  3. ^ a b Cavedoni, Antonio (June 12, 2015). "Introducing the New System Fonts". WWDC 2015. Apple Inc.
  4. ^ "iOS 11 silently introduces SF Pro with almost 1000 new glyphs and support for more languages". Designer News. Retrieved April 21, 2019.
  5. ^ @NobtakaJP (June 8, 2021). "「SF Arabic beta」 新しいアラビックフォントが追加されました。 あまり使う機会がないかも知れないですが #WWDC21" (Tweet) (in Japanese) – via Twitter.
  6. ^ San-Francisco-family/README.md at master · windyboy1704/San-Francisco-family, retrieved May 30, 2019
  7. ^ Apple Identity Guidelines (PDF), retrieved January 2, 2019
  8. ^ Getting Apple's SF Mono Font in Mac OS, September 4, 2017, retrieved January 3, 2019
  9. ^ Nowell, Peter. "Apple Reveals San Francisco Monospaced Font".
  10. ^ "Apple Books: What's new in iOS 12". iMore. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
  11. ^ a b c "Fonts". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
  12. ^ "The details of UI typography - WWDC 2020 - Videos". Apple Developer. Retrieved June 5, 2021.
  13. ^ "SF Symbols 2 - WWDC 2020 - Videos". Apple Developer. Retrieved June 5, 2021.
  14. ^ Apple (2015). "Visual Design - Apple TV Human Interface Guidelines - Apple Developer". Retrieved on 2015-10-04 from https://developer.apple.com/tvos/human-interface-guidelines/visual-design/.
  15. ^ "Typography". Apple Watch Human Interface Guidelines. Apple Inc. Archived from the original on June 15, 2015. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
  16. ^ Stinson, Liz (June 9, 2015). "Why Apple Abandoned the World's Most Beloved Typeface". Wired. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
  17. ^ Wright, Mic (March 9, 2015). "The new MacBook shows San Francisco is more than just the Apple Watch font". The Next Web. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
  18. ^ "Apple Adopts San Francisco Typeface for Apple.com Website". Retrieved April 21, 2018.
  19. ^ Hartlaub, Peter (April 19, 2021). "San Francisco finally has its own font. And the inspiration was truly historic". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved April 19, 2021.

External linksEdit