iPadOS is a mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc. for its iPad line of tablet computers. It was originally forked from iOS, the operating system used by Apple's iPhones, and given a new name to reflect the diverging features of the two product lines, particularly the iPad's multitasking capabilities. It was introduced as iPadOS 13 in 2019, reflecting its status as the successor to iOS 12 for the iPad, at the company's 2019 Worldwide Developers Conference.
|Written in||C, C++, Objective-C, Swift, assembly language|
|OS family||Unix-like, based on Darwin (BSD), iOS, macOS|
|Source model||Closed with open-source components|
|Initial release||September 24, 2019|
|Latest release||17.1.2 (November 30, 2023 )|
|Latest preview||17.2 beta 4 (November 28, 2023 )|
|Marketing target||Tablet computers|
|Available in||40 languages|
|Update method||Over-the-air, iTunes, Finder|
|Platforms||iPads with ARMv8-A CPUs|
|Kernel type||Hybrid (XNU)|
|Cocoa Touch (multi-touch, GUI)|
|License||Proprietary software except for open-source components|
|Articles in the series|
|iPadOS version history|
iPadOS was first released to the public on September 24, 2019. Major versions of iPadOS are released annually. The current stable version, iPadOS 17, was released to the public on September 18, 2023.
The first iPad was released on January 10, 2010, and ran iPhone OS 3.2, which added support for the larger device to the operating system, previously only used on the iPhone and its smaller counterpart, the iPod Touch. This shared operating system was rebranded as "iOS" with the release of iOS 4.
The operating system initially had rough feature parity running on the iPhone, iPod Touch, and iPad, with variations in user interface depending on screen size, and minor differences in the selection of apps included. However, over time, the variant of iOS for the iPad incorporated a growing set of differentiating features, such as picture-in-picture, the ability to display multiple running apps simultaneously (both introduced with iOS 9 in 2015), drag and drop, and a dock that more closely resembled the dock from macOS than the one on the iPhone (added in 2017 with iOS 11). Standard iPad apps were increasingly designed to support the optional use of a physical keyboard.
To emphasize the different feature set available on the iPad, and to signal their intention to develop the platforms in divergent directions, at WWDC 2019, Apple announced that the variant of iOS that runs on the iPad would be rebranded as "iPadOS". The new naming strategy began with iPadOS 13.1, in 2019.
On June 22, 2020, at WWDC 2020, Apple announced iPadOS 14, with compact designs for search, Siri, and calls, improved app designs, handwriting recognition, better AR features, enhanced privacy protections, and app widgets. iPadOS 14 was released to the public on September 16, 2020.
On June 7, 2021, at WWDC 2021, iPadOS 15 was announced with widgets on the Home Screen and App Library, the same features that came to iPhone with iOS 14 in 2020. The update also brought stricter privacy measurements with Safari such as IP Address blocking so other websites cannot see it. iPadOS 15 was released to the public on September 20, 2021.
On June 5, 2023, at WWDC 2023, Apple announced iPadOS 17 with support for widgets for the lock screen, a feature originally launched with iOS 16, along with the majority of features announced included in iOS 17. In addition, iPadOS 17 now includes the Apple Health app.
Many features of iPadOS are also available on iOS; however, iPadOS contains some features that are not available in iOS and lacks some features that are available in iOS.
iPadOS 13 edit
iPadOS 14 edit
iPadOS 15 edit
Beginning with iPadOS 15, widgets can be placed on the home screen.
Beginning with iPadOS 15, Translate is available. The feature was announced on June 7, 2021, at WWDC 2021. Translation works with 11 languages.
iPadOS 16 edit
Beginning with iPadOS 16, the Weather app was added to iPad. The application had previously only been available on the iPhone and iPod Touch. The feature was announced on June 6, 2022, at WWDC 2022.
Stage Manager edit
iPadOS 16 has another new feature called Stage Manager that automatically sorts windows by app.
iPadOS 17 edit
Lock Screen edit
iPadOS 17 features a newly designed lock screen, closely resembling that of iOS 16. It features support for widgets, and increased personalization options.
Health App edit
Starting with iPadOS 17, the Health app is now available on iPad.
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- Clover, Juli (November 28, 2023). "Apple Seeds Fourth Betas of iOS 17.2 and iPadOS 17.2 to Developers". MacRumors. Retrieved November 28, 2023.
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- "Why the iPad has never shipped with a calculator app". Cult of Mac. April 7, 2016. Archived from the original on February 21, 2022. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
- "iPadOS 14 introduces new features designed specifically for iPad" (Press release). Cupertino, California: Apple Inc. June 22, 2020. Archived from the original on August 8, 2022. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
- Fathi, Sami (June 6, 2022). "iPad Finally Gains Weather App With iPadOS 16". MacRumors. Archived from the original on July 16, 2022. Retrieved July 16, 2022.
- Baxter, Daryl (July 16, 2022). "iPadOS 16 Public Beta hands-on: Solving multitasking with an old solution". TechRadar. Archived from the original on July 16, 2022. Retrieved July 16, 2022.
- Pierce, David (July 11, 2022). "iPadOS 16 Preview: Jack Of All Trades, Master Of Some". The Verge. Archived from the original on July 16, 2022. Retrieved July 16, 2022.
- "iPadOS 14 introduces new features designed specifically for iPad". Apple Newsroom. Archived from the original on July 16, 2020. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
- "iPadOS 15". Apple. Archived from the original on October 19, 2021. Retrieved October 17, 2021.