Samyukt Kisan Morcha

Samyukta Kisan Morcha (SKM) (lit.'Joint Farmers' Force', or United Farmers Front[1]), formed in November 2020, is a coalition of over forty Indian farmers' unions to coordinate satyagragh (non-violent resistance) against the three farm acts initiated in September of the same year.[2]

Samyukta Kisan Morcha
Formation7 November 2020 (10 months ago) (2020-11-07)
Legal statusActive
PurposeUnited Front of Farmers' unions
Region served
AffiliationsAll India Kisan Sangharsh Coordination Committee

The SKM in opposing the three farm laws has asserted that laws are an unwelcome imposition on the farmers,[3] violate the constitution,[4][5][6][7] are anti-farmer[5][7] and pro big business.[8][9][10][11][12][13][14]


The SKM formed in November 2020 is made up of over forty Indian farmers unions. Its purpose is to oppose the three farm acts that the Narendra Modi led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) aims to implement. The farmers' method is Satyagragh (non-violent resistance) protest against the decision by three farm acts.[2]

The SKM has held eleven rounds of talks with the government to repeal the three farm bills, and make law to guarantee minimum support price (MSP) for 23 crops[15][16] without success.[17][16][when?]

Protest campsEdit

In November, the SKM decided to take their protest to Delhi to draw attention to their cause.[citation needed] The protesters were not allowed to enter Delhi. They made plans to try to enter national highway.[8] The number of farmers concentrated around the borders of Delhi grew. Police deployed against farmers, who remain peaceful cloistered in their make shift camps, are from MHA forces, Haryana, Delhi, and UP Police.[citation needed]

The largest concentration of farmers in Haryana are at Tikri, and Shingu-Kundli borders.[when?]

Similar action by the UP and Delhi police on the Delhi-UP border caused farmers to be concentrated in Ghazipur, and Chila (Noida-Delhi road), on the UP-Delhi border. Haryana police action on the Haryana and Rajasthan Border, caused farmers concentrations near Shahjahapur, where the farmers face the Haryana and the Rajasthan police.[18][19]

These farmer's protests are opposed by police barricades, armed police and paramilitary forces. The protest sites have evolved into ramshackle camps of trolley tractors, tents and tarps. The farmers have remained without government, medical, electricity or civic support.[when?]

By January 2020, many protesting farmers had come in by rotation from Punjab and Haryana. Estimates of the camp populations in and around Delhi, mostly in Haryana, varied between 100,000 and 300,000.[20] In addition to farmers' camps on the Delhi borders, there are farmer and SKM supporter gatherings in Palwal. This camp was caused by a decision of the Haryana Police to stop the protesters there.[21]

On 26 January, Republic Day, the SKM held a rally and the protesters tried to enter New Delhi.[22][1] There was a clash between the protesters and police, which lead to injuries on both sides and the death of one protester. The SKM claimed the peaceful protest had been sabotaged by outside groups. The day after the protesters where back at the camps on the edge of capital.[1]


They see the three farm acts as has unwelcome impositions on farmers,[3] violating the constitution,[4][5][6][7] being anti-farmer,[7][5] and pro big business.[8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

The members of Samyukta Kisan Morcha (SKM) and its supporters although ideologically diverse are united by their commitment to strategy of peaceful andolan (movement); and by the common minimum program of getting the Government to repeal the three farm acts, and make law to guarantee minimum support price (MSP) for 23 crops.[15][16]


The SKM coalition includes farmers’ Unions from Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and other States. Other members include several regional affiliates of the Bhartiya Kisan Union (BKU), including BKU (Rakesh Tikait faction), BKU Lakhowal (Harinder Singh Lakhowal), BKU Dakaunda (Buta Singh Burjgill), BKU Doaba (Manjit Singh Rai), BKU-Sidhupur, BKU-Rajewal and BKU- Chaduni. Other farmer's organisations that form part of SKM include: Krantikari Kisan Union, Akhil Bharatiya Kisan Sabha (AIKS), Jamhoori Kisan Sabha (Kulwant Singh Sandhu), Kul Hind Kisan Federation (Prem Singh Bhangu), Satnam Singh Pannun, Krantikari Kisan Union and Swaraj India.[23][24]

Coordination Committee and LeadersEdit

Samyukta Kisan Morcha represents the farmers' union in talks with the government, issues statements on behalf of all the unions, and coordinates the strategy and tactics between the disparate groups. SKM has a seven-member coordination committee which coordinates the work of the 'Morcha', engages in outreach with other farmers' unions, decides and coordinates media policy, briefs the media, addresses press conferences, issues statements, decides on strategy and tactics of the movement, responds to government letters and actions.[2]

The Seven Member Committee includes Jagjit Singh Dallewal (President BKU-Sidhupur), Dr. Darshan Pal (President Krantikari Kisan Union), Hannan Mollah (National general secretary of All India Kisan Sabha (36 Canning Lane); Balbir Singh Rajewal (president BKU-Rajewal), Ashok Dhawale (National President of All India Kisan Sabha ), Yogendra Yadav (President of Swaraj India which he founded ), Gurnam Singh Chaduni, Shiv Kumar Kakka.[23]

Legal AdvisersEdit

The lawyers advising the movement in its negotiations with the Government, and Supreme court on issues of law include Colin Gonsalves, Dushyant Dave and Prashant Bhushan, H S Phoolka.[2][25]


Samyukta Kisan Morcha has relationships with over 500 national farm and workers' unions with which it coordinates its action. Protests echoing the demands of the SKM, and in coordination with its actions and programs have taken place in large number of states including Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Assam, and Manipur.[26][27][28][29][30] In addition, increasing number of trade union organizations have extented their support to program and actions of the SKM.[31][32]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c "Farmers back at protest camp after deep challenge to PM Modi". The Independent. 2021-01-27. Retrieved 2021-03-14.
  2. ^ a b c d Press Trust of india (December 25, 2020). "Umbrella Body of Protesting Farmer Unions to Hold Meeting, Respond to Centre's Letter". The Economic Times.
  3. ^ a b Yadav, Yogendra (December 10, 2020). "Modi Govt Gave an Unwanted Gift to Farmers. Now It Can't Even Handle Rejection". ThePrint. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  4. ^ a b Sainath, P (December 10, 2020). "And You Thought It's Only about Farmers?". People’s Archive of Rural India. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d Boparai, Aadil, Salman Khurshid (December 12, 2020). "Farm Laws Alter Bargaining Landscape in Favour of Corporate Players". The Indian Express.
  6. ^ a b Bhattacharyya, Bishwajit (January 20, 2021). "How the Parliament Overstepped in Bringing the Three Farm Laws". The Wire. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
  7. ^ a b c d Mitra, Barun S (February 18, 2021). "Everyone Agrees Farm Reforms Are Needed. Here's How Modi Govt Can Break Political Deadlock". ThePrint. Retrieved February 18, 2021.
  8. ^ a b c Jagga, Raakhi (November 24, 2020). ""Awaiting Farmer Unions in Delhi, Courtesy DSGMC: Langar, Rooms."". The Indian Express. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
  9. ^ a b Sanyukt Kisan Morcha has a seven-member committee to coordinate the work of the Morcha. (January 1, 2021). "Sanyukt Kisan Morcha to Continue Movement till Fulfillment of Demands". The Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  10. ^ a b Parul (January 11, 2021). "Sainath: Farm Protest Is in Defence of Democracry, We're Reclaiming Republic". The Indian Express. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  11. ^ a b D’Souza, Faye (September 22, 2020). "P Sainath Explains Why Farmers Are Protesting". Zoom. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  12. ^ a b Kashyap, Sunil (December 17, 2020). "The rise of Modi is the rise of certain corporate houses: RLD's Jayant Chaudhary". Caravan. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
  13. ^ a b Sainath, P (September 22, 2020). "Farm Bills Will Benefit Big Corporates, Not Farmer". Newsclick. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  14. ^ a b Hebbar, Nistula (February 11, 2021). "Parliament Proceedings | Farm Laws Only to Benefit Two Friends, Says Rahul Gandhi". The Hindu. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
  15. ^ a b Singh, Shiv Inder (January 7, 2021). "Image That Modi Government Doesn't Retract Statements Is Shattered: BKU (EU) Head Joginder Ugrahan". The Caravan. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
  16. ^ a b c Mishra, Himanshu Shekhar; Prabhu., Sunil (January 15, 2021). "120% Fail' Says Farmer Leader After 9th Round Of Talks With Centre". Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  17. ^ Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare (January 15, 2021). "9th Round of Talks between Government and Farmers Unions Held In Vigyan Bhawan". Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  18. ^ Punia, Mandeep (January 2, 2021). ""Far from Delhi, Frustrated with Leadership, Farmers at Rajasthan Sit-in Break Barricades."". The Caravan. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  19. ^ Chabbra, Ronak (January 18, 2021). "Eyes on R-Day Tractor Parade, Women Take Charge of Protest at Rajasthan-Haryana Border". NewsClick. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  20. ^ Pasricha, Anjana (December 8, 2020). "India Farmer Protest Shuts Down Transportation, Food Markets Nationwide". Voice of America News / FIND. Washington, United States: Federal Information & News Dispatch, LLC.
  21. ^ Kaushal, Ravi (January 1, 2021). "In Haryana's Palwal, the Farmers Protest Brings Down Longstanding Barriers". Newsclick. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  22. ^ "India's Republic Day marked with massive farmer protests". The Independent. 2021-01-26. Retrieved 2021-03-14.
  23. ^ a b "Farmer's protest".
  24. ^ Balaji, R (December 17, 2020). "Supreme Court to Form Panel on Farmers' Agitation". The Telegraph onLine. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  25. ^ Press Trust of India (December 17, 2020). "Farmer Leaders to Consult Senior Lawyers to Decide next Course of Action". The Economic Times. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
  26. ^ Firstpost (December 22, 2020). "Decision on next Round of Talks with Centre to Be Taken Tomorrow, Say Protesting Farmers". Firstpost. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  27. ^ Schmall, Emily (December 4, 2020). "Indian Farmers' Protests Spread, in Challenge to Modi". The New York Times.
  28. ^ Kisan Ekta Morcha. (December 31, 2020). "Latest Speech Balbir Singh Rajewal ਨੇ ਕੀਤਾ ਵੱਡਾ ਐਲਾਨ4 ਜਨਵਰੀ ਦੀ ਰਣਨੀਤੀ ਬਾਰੇ ਦੱਸਿਆ।". Kisan Ekta Morcha. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  29. ^ The Hindu (January 11, 2021). "Rally in Support of Farmers' Stir". The Hindu. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  30. ^ Newsclick Report (January 26, 2021). "Farmers Take to Roads Across Country on Republic Day, Several Detained in Gujarat". NewsClick. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  31. ^ Caravan, Desk (December 14, 2020). "Delhi's 50 Organisations Join Hands to Show Solidarity with Protesting Farmers". Caravan. Retrieved January 18, 2021.
  32. ^ Gupta, Moushumi Das (January 20, 2021). "Modi Govt Offers to 'suspend' Farm Laws until Standoff Is Resolved, Awaits Farmers' Response". The Print. Retrieved January 20, 2021.

External linksEdit