Samyukt Kisan Morcha
Samyukta Kisan Morcha (SKM) (lit. 'Joint Farmers' Force', or United Farmers Front), formed in November 2020, is a coalition of over forty Indian farmers' unions to coordinate satyagragh (non-violent resistance) against the three farm acts initiated in September of the same year.
|Formation||7 November 2020|
|Purpose||United Front of Farmers' unions|
|Affiliations||All India Kisan Sangharsh Coordination Committee|
The SKM in opposing the three farm laws has asserted that laws are an unwelcome imposition on the farmers, violate the constitution, are anti-farmer and pro big business.
The SKM formed in November 2020 is made up of over forty Indian farmers unions. Its purpose is to oppose the three farm acts that the Narendra Modi led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) aims to implement. The farmers' method is Satyagragh (non-violent resistance) protest against the decision by three farm acts.
In November, the SKM decided to take their protest to Delhi to draw attention to their cause. The protesters were not allowed to enter Delhi. They made plans to try to enter national highway. The number of farmers concentrated around the borders of Delhi grew. Police deployed against farmers, who remain peaceful cloistered in their make shift camps, are from MHA forces, Haryana, Delhi, and UP Police.
The largest concentration of farmers in Haryana are at Tikri, and Shingu-Kundli borders.[when?]
Similar action by the UP and Delhi police on the Delhi-UP border caused farmers to be concentrated in Ghazipur, and Chila (Noida-Delhi road), on the UP-Delhi border. Haryana police action on the Haryana and Rajasthan Border, caused farmers concentrations near Shahjahapur, where the farmers face the Haryana and the Rajasthan police.
These farmer's protests are opposed by police barricades, armed police and paramilitary forces. The protest sites have evolved into ramshackle camps of trolley tractors, tents and tarps. The farmers have remained without government, medical, electricity or civic support.[when?]
By January 2020, many protesting farmers had come in by rotation from Punjab and Haryana. Estimates of the camp populations in and around Delhi, mostly in Haryana, varied between 100,000 and 300,000. In addition to farmers' camps on the Delhi borders, there are farmer and SKM supporter gatherings in Palwal. This camp was caused by a decision of the Haryana Police to stop the protesters there.
On 26 January, Republic Day, the SKM held a rally and the protesters tried to enter New Delhi. There was a clash between the protesters and police, which lead to injuries on both sides and the death of one protester. The SKM claimed the peaceful protest had been sabotaged by outside groups. The day after the protesters where back at the camps on the edge of capital.
The members of Samyukta Kisan Morcha (SKM) and its supporters although ideologically diverse are united by their commitment to strategy of peaceful andolan (movement); and by the common minimum program of getting the Government to repeal the three farm acts, and make law to guarantee minimum support price (MSP) for 23 crops.
The SKM coalition includes farmers’ Unions from Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and other States. Other members include several regional affiliates of the Bhartiya Kisan Union (BKU), including BKU (Rakesh Tikait faction), BKU Lakhowal (Harinder Singh Lakhowal), BKU Dakaunda (Buta Singh Burjgill), BKU Doaba (Manjit Singh Rai), BKU-Sidhupur, BKU-Rajewal and BKU- Chaduni. Other farmer's organisations that form part of SKM include: Krantikari Kisan Union, Akhil Bharatiya Kisan Sabha (AIKS), Jamhoori Kisan Sabha (Kulwant Singh Sandhu), Kul Hind Kisan Federation (Prem Singh Bhangu), Satnam Singh Pannun, Krantikari Kisan Union and Swaraj India.
Coordination Committee and LeadersEdit
Samyukta Kisan Morcha represents the farmers' union in talks with the government, issues statements on behalf of all the unions, and coordinates the strategy and tactics between the disparate groups. SKM has a seven-member coordination committee which coordinates the work of the 'Morcha', engages in outreach with other farmers' unions, decides and coordinates media policy, briefs the media, addresses press conferences, issues statements, decides on strategy and tactics of the movement, responds to government letters and actions.
The Seven Member Committee includes Jagjit Singh Dallewal (President BKU-Sidhupur), Dr. Darshan Pal (President Krantikari Kisan Union), Hannan Mollah (National general secretary of All India Kisan Sabha (36 Canning Lane); Balbir Singh Rajewal (president BKU-Rajewal), Ashok Dhawale (National President of All India Kisan Sabha ), Yogendra Yadav (President of Swaraj India which he founded ), Gurnam Singh Chaduni, Shiv Kumar Kakka.
Samyukta Kisan Morcha has relationships with over 500 national farm and workers' unions with which it coordinates its action. Protests echoing the demands of the SKM, and in coordination with its actions and programs have taken place in large number of states including Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Assam, and Manipur. In addition, increasing number of trade union organizations have extented their support to program and actions of the SKM.
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