Armah (Ge'ez: አርማህ) (reigned 614–631), known in some Muslim sources as Al-Najashi (Arabic: النجاشي), was a king of the Kingdom of Aksum. He is primarily known through the coins that were minted during his reign. It has been suggested that it was either he or more probably his father who gave shelter to the Muslim emigrants around 615–6 at Axum. Confirmed Muslim sources indicates that the prophet Mohammed prayed an Absentee funeral prayer, known as Salat al-Gha'ib (Arabic: صلاة الغائب), a kind of funeral prayer that is performed upon a dead Muslim if they die in a place with no Muslims to pray for the dead. This is one of the justification provided by Muslims that Al-Najashi died as a Muslim.
Kingdom of Aksum
Scholar of ancient Ethiopia Stuart Munro-Hay (1947–2004) states that either Armah or Gersem were the last Axumite kings to issue coins. Bronze coins from the reign of Armah show him depicted as a full-length figure enthroned, with Christian cross motifs throughout.
Armah's silver coins have an unusual reverse, showing a structure with three crosses, the middle one gilded. Munro-Hay quotes W.R.O. Hahn as suggesting that this is an allusion to the Holy Sepulchre, as a reference to the Persian capture of Jerusalem in 614.
- A letter to Antoine d'Abbadie, dated 8 January 1869, mentions a coin of this ruler. Rubenson, Sven, ed. (2 September 2000). Acta Aethiopica, Vol. III: Internal Rivalries and Foreign Threats, 1869–1879. Addis Ababa: Addis Ababa University Press. p. 3. ISBN 0-765-80728-9.
- M. Elfasi, Ivan Hrbek (1988). Africa from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century. UNESCO. p. 560.
- Markowitz, Mike (22 July 2014). "The Coinage of Aksum". CoinWeek. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
- Munroe-Hay, Stuart C. (24 June 1991). Aksum: An African Civilization of Late Antiquity. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. p. 91. ISBN 0748601066.
- Atkins, Brian; Juel-Jensen, Bent (1988). "The Gold Coinage of Aksum: Further Analyses of Specific Gravity, A Contribution to Chronology". Numismatic Chronicle (148).
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