List of kings of Axum

The kings of Axum|Zuma ruled an important trading nation in the area which is now Eritrea and northern Ethiopia, from approximately 100–940 AD.[1]

Zenith of the Kingdom of AxumEdit

Dates of Tenure Name Notes
c. 100 Za Haqala (possibly Nza ya Nkla or Zoskales)
c. 200 GDRT
(vocalized by historians as "Gadarat")
inscriptions mention his son BYGT (vocalized as "Beyga" or "Ba yaga")
c. 230 – c.240 `DBH
(vocalized as "`Nzamba" or "`Nzaba")
inscriptions mention his son GRMT (vocalized as "Girma")
c. 250 Sembrouthes
c. 260 DTWNS
(vocalized as "Batsana")
inscriptions mention his son ZQRNS (vocalized as "Batsiana")
c. 270 – c.300 Endubis
fl. early 4th century Aphilas
fl. early 4th century Mzamba
c. 320 Ousanas
c. 333 – c. 356 Ezana
c. 350 MHDYS
(vocalized as "Mehadeyis")
fl. late 4th century Ouazebas
c. 400 Eon possibly the "Unina" from the Book of the Himyarites
fl. 5th century Ebana
fl. 5th century Nezool also called "N'zana"
c. 500 Ousas,
also spelled "Ousana(s)"
possibly Tazena, father of Kaleb
c. 520 Kaleb tradition names his son Gabra Masqal
fl. mid 6th century Alla Amidas
fl. mid 6th century Wazena
fl. mid 6th century W`ZB
vocalized as "Wa`zabe"
possibly "Ella Gabaz", son of Kaleb
fl. mid 6th century Ioel
c. 575 Hataz identified with "Iathlia"
c. 577 Saifu
c. 590 Israel tradition also records an Israel, son of Kaleb
c. 600 Gersem
c. 614 Armah possibly identical with Sahama
died c. 630 Sahama tradition also records an Ella Tsaham (Illa Ṣaḥām)

Later kingsEdit

The following kings ruled between 600–900, though individual dates are not available.[2]

Name Notes
Kwastantinos or "Constantine"
Wasan Sagad Bazagar?
Fere Shanay or Fere Shernay
'Adre'az or 'Adre'azar
'Akla Wedem
Germa Safar
Zergaz or Gergaz
Degna Mikael
Bahr Ikela
'Oda Gosh or 'Oda Sasa
'Ayzur who reigned half a day and was strangled to death
Wedem 'Asfare reigned 150 years
Degna Djan or Ged'a Djan
'Anbasa Wedem son of Degna Djan
Dil Na'od son of Degna Djan

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ S.C. Munro-Hay, Aksum (Edinburgh: University Press, 1991), pp. 67f
  2. ^ E. A. Wallis Budge, A History of Ethiopia: Nubia and Abyssinia, 1928 (Oosterhout, the Netherlands: Anthropological Publications, 1970), pp. 269f