Safavid Shirvan

The Shirvan province (Persian: ولایت شیروان, romanizedVelāyat-e Shirvān) was a province founded by the Safavid Empire on the territory of modern Azerbaijan and Russia (Dagestan) between 1501 and 1736 with its capital in the town of Shamakhi.[1]

Shirvan
Velāyat-e Shirvān
ولایت شیروان
1501–1736
1724 De L'Isle Map of Persia (Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan) - Geographicus - Persia-delisle-1724. G.jpg
StatusProvince of the Safavid Empire
Under Ottoman occupation (1583–1607)
CapitalShamakhi
Common languagesPersian, Azerbaijani
GovernmentProvince
Beglarbeg 
History 
• Establishment
1501
• Disestablished
1736
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Shirvanshah
Afsharid Iran
Today part ofAzerbaijan
Russia

The province had six administrative jurisdictions; Alpa'ur, ArashShaki, Baku, Chemeshgazak—Agdash, Derbent (Darband), Quba—Qolhan, and Saliyan.[2] The capital of Shamakhi had a separate governor, but is not mentioned by the then contemporary historians and geographers to have formed a separate administrative jurisdiction.[2]

Control over Shirvan was firmly held by the Safavids from the time of the subjugation of Shirvan (except for several brief Ottoman intermissions) when eventually the Afsharid ruler of Iran, Nader Shah established firm rule over the area until the area. After his death, the area was divided into various subordinate various khanates, before they were conquered by the Russian Empire from Qajar Iran in the course of the 19th century.[3]

HistoryEdit

Having ended the rule of the Shirvanshahs in 1538, Tahmasp I established Shirvan as an administrative unit of the empire. At the end of the 16th century, the Ottoman General Lala Kara Mustafa Pasha briefly captured Shirvan during the Ottoman-Safavid War (1578-1590) and appointed Özdemiroğlu Osman Pasha as its governor. In 1607, Shah Abbas I invaded Shirvan again and instituted Qizilbash rule over the province. After several interstate wars, Shirvan was eventually captured by Nader Shah in 1734 to establish Safavid rule over the province again.[1][4]

List of governorsEdit

Persian princes Alqas Mirza and Ismail Mirza
Date Governor
1501 Bahram Beg*
1501-1502 Gazi Beg*
1502 Sultan Mahmud*
1502-1509 Ibrahim II Shaykhshah*
1509-1519 Hossein Beg Laleh
1519-1524 Ibrahim II Shaykhshah*
1523-1535 Khalilullah II*
1535-1538 Shahrukh*
1538-1547 Alqas Mirza
1538-1541 Badr Khan Ustajlu
1538-1543 Ghazi Khan Tekkelu
1543-1547 Badr Khan Ustajlu
1547-? Ismail Mirza
1547-1549 Shahverdi Sultan
1548-1550 Burhan Ali*§
1549 Mehrab Mirza*§
1549-1550 Qorban Ali Mirza*§
1554 Qasem Mirza*§
1549-1565 Abdollah Khan Ustajlu
1566 Mostafa Beg
1566 Shah Beg Ali
1567 Farrokhzad Beg Qaradaghlu
1567-1576 Aras Khan Rumlu
1577 Abu Torab Soltan Ustajlu
1577 Kavus Mirza*§
1577 Aras Soltan Khan Rumlu
1578 Abu Bakr Mirza*§
1578 Panah Mohammad Khan Dhu'l-Qadr
1578-? Mohammad Khan Khalifeh Hajjilar Dhu'l-Qadr
1579 Suleiman Khan Ustajlu
1580-1583 Peykar Beg Khan Ziyadoghlu
1583 Khalifeh Ansar Qaradajlu
1604–05 Constantine I of Kakheti
1583-1607 Ottoman occupation
1610-1624 Yusuf Khan
1624-1633 Qazaq Khan Cherkes
1643–1653 Khosrow Soltan Armani
1653 Najafqoli Khan Cherkes
1663–67 Najafqoli Khan Cherkes
1718 Hasan-Ali Khan Daghestani

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Khalilli, Fariz (2009). ŞAMAXI TARİX-DİYARŞÜNASLIQ MUZEYİ [Shamakhi Historical and Locality Museum]. Baku: ANAS. p. 103. Retrieved 2011-08-08.
  2. ^ a b Nasiri, Ali Naqi; Floor, Willem M. (2008). Titles and Emoluments in Safavid Iran: A Third Manual of Safavid Administration. Mage Publishers. p. 284. ISBN 978-1933823232.
  3. ^ Afandiyev, O. A. (1993). Azərbaycan Səfəvilər dövləti [Safavid state of Azerbaijan]. Baku. p. 57.
  4. ^ Fleischer, Cornell H. (1989). Mustafa Ali and the Politics of Cultural Despair. Cambridge University Press.

SourcesEdit

  • Floor, Willem M. (2008). Titles and Emoluments in Safavid Iran: A Third Manual of Safavid Administration, by Mirza Naqi Nasiri. Washington, DC: Mage Publishers. pp. 1–337. ISBN 978-1933823232.