Sacile (Venetian: Sathìl [saˈtsil]; Liventina: Sacìl; Western Friulian: Sacîl) is a town and comune in the province of Pordenone, in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of north-east Italy. It is known as the "Garden of the Serenissima" after the many palaces that were constructed along the river Livenza for the nobility of the Most Serene Republic of Venice.
|Città di Sacìle|
The Livenza in the centre of town
|Frazioni||Camolli, Cavolano, Cornadella, Ronche, S. Giovanni del Tempio, S.Giovanni di Livenza, S. Michele, S. Odorico, Schiavoi, Topaligo, Villorba, Vistorta|
|• Mayor||Carlo Spagnol|
|• Total||32.74 km2 (12.64 sq mi)|
|Elevation||25 m (82 ft)|
|• Density||610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||Saint Nicholas|
|Saint day||6 December|
The historic centre is located on two islands of the river Livenza. It is not clear whether the islands are natural or man-made.
Sacile developed in the seventh century as a strong-point on the route from Veneto to Friuli. A cathedral and a castle were built on the larger island, while the smaller had the port and commercial area.
The town became part of the Patriarchal State of Friuli on its creation in 1077; in 1190 the Patriarch conferred on it city rights. Sacile was the first city in Friuli to have a Communal Statute. The city was besieged on a number of occasions by troops of Venice and Treviso.
In 1420 Sacile, along with the rest of Friuli, was annexed by the Republic of Venice. Under Venetian rule the river trade expanded and many noble families built palaces on the banks of the Livenza.
The fall of the Republic in 1797 caused an economic crisis in Sacile. On 16 April 1809 French troops were defeated by the Austrians in the Battle of Sacile which took place in the nearby hamlet of Camolli. In 1815, under the terms of the Congress of Vienna, Sacile became part of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia.
The coming of the railway in 1855 did much to restore the economic position of Sacile. In 1866 Sacile was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy and saw the beginnings of industrial activity.
During the First and Second World Wars the town was repeatedly bombarded on account of the strategic importance of the Venice–Udine railway. The earthquake of 18 October 1936 caused great damage to the town's buildings and to its ancient city walls.
Brick-making started in Ronche in the 14th century and continued until 1957. Today the main economic activity there is administration and services, although it is also home to the premier piano manufacturer, Fazioli.
Sacile is twinned with:
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- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.