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SOS Children's Villages

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SOS Children's Villages is an independent, non-governmental, nonprofit international development organization headquartered in Innsbruck, Austria. The organization provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children in need and protects their interests and rights around the world.[1][2][3][4] The first SOS Children's Village was founded in 1949 in Tyrol, Austria by an Austrian philanthropist Hermann Gmeiner.[5] Today, SOS Children's Villages is active in 135 countries and territories worldwide[6][7]

SOS Children's Villages
Logo of SOS Children's Villages UK.jpg
AbbreviationSOS
Formation1949; 70 years ago (1949)
FounderHermann Gmeiner
TypeInternational NGO
Legal statusActive
PurposeHumanitarian Services
HeadquartersInnsbruck, Austria
President
Siddharta Kaul
Honorary President
Helmut Kutin
Websitesos-childrensvillages.org

SOS Children's Villages provide alternative families to children without adequate parental care.[8] Children of different ages and background live together in a house with a full-time parent, usually a woman who serves as the children's parent.[9][10][11] There are usually 6 to 15 houses in a typical SOS Village. In addition to the Villages, the organization also runs a whole range of programs and facilities to support socially disadvantaged and impoverished families through its subsidized kindergartens, primary and secondary schools,[12] youth facilities[13][14][15] social and medical centers, and emergency response relief operations[16] .[17][18] In 2017, over 85,000 children and youths are raised in 572 SOS Children's Villages and over 700 SOS Youth Facilities. Another 3.8 million children and adults received services from their other programs.[19]

SOS relies on contributions from governments and private donors. In 2017, the organization's 350 institutional partnership contracts totaled more than €31 million in institutional funds implemented. Funding from foundations and lotteries totaled nearly €48 million, and corporate partnerships provided more than €49 million in support for SOS Children's Villages globally.[20] The organization was awarded the Conrad N. Hilton Humanitarian Prize[21] in 2002, and the Princess of Asturias Award of Concord in 2016.[22]

HistoryEdit

 
Children at SOS Children's Village in Kandalaksha, Russia

The Second World War resulted in many children becoming homeless and orphaned. Hermann Gmeiner (23 June 1919 – 26 April 1986), who himself participated in the war as an Austrian soldier, founded the first SOS Children's Village in Imst in the Austrian Federal State of Tyrol in 1949.[23] Originally, the SOS Children's Village was established to look after the orphans of the Second World War. But later the organization eventually started looking after other children such as the abandoned, neglected, abused, and children in difficult economic circumstances.[24]

 
SOS Children's Village Aldeas, Argentina

In the second half of the 20th century, the organization spread all over Europe. In 1959, SOS Children's Village national associations were established in Italy, France, and Germany, and in the same year, the first SOS Youth Facility was founded in Innsbruck, Austria. As the organization grew, the umbrella organization SOS-Kinderdorf International was established to oversee all the national associations in the world in 1960. In the same year, the first SOS Children's Village in South America was founded in Uruguay. In 1963, the organization reached Asia with the first Villages established in North Korea and India. Seven years later, the organization founded Villages in Africa in the Republic of Ivory Coast, Kenya, Ghana, and Sierra Leone.[25] In North America, the first Village was established in 1991 in the United States. Today, there are now more than 570 SOS Children's Villages present in 135 countries and territories.[26]

Hermann Gmeiner was the SOS Children's Village president until 1985 when he was succeeded by Helmut Kutin. Helmut Kutin, born in 1941 in Bolzano, Italy, who was one of the first children admitted in SOS Austria, led the organization SOS Children's Villages International for 27 years after which in 2012 he was succeeded by the current president Siddhartha Kaul, born in 1951 in Pilana, India[27][28]

GovernanceEdit

Each 118 national SOS Children's Villages associations carries out the international organizations’ missions, protocols, and policies. Regional offices guide this work and provide fundraising, marketing, and technical assistance to country offices as needed. Overall management and administration of the organization takes place at the headquarter in Innsbruck, Austria. The highest decision-making body is the General Assembly responsible for electing the President, Vice-President, and other members of the international senate. Guiding and monitoring of all SOS’ work is the responsibility of the International Senate made up of 22 members. They establish policies, formulate policy changes, and procedural guidelines. The International Senate's work is coordinated by the Management Council, comprising eight representatives from member associations chaired by the President. The Management Council makes recommendations for Senate decisions, approves work plans developed by the Management Team, and defines the federation's targets. The General Secretariat comprises the international offices in Austria, and other regional offices responsible for implementing strategic decisions, developing and monitoring the organization's quality standards, and representing the organization in international communications and forums SOS Children's Villages Governance.

International frameworksEdit

 
SOS Children's Villages Hermann Gmeiner Academy, Austria

The organization follows three international frameworks that serve as guidelines for their work. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) adopted in 1989 is a human rights treaty that sets out the civil, political, economic, social, health, and cultural rights of children. The UN Guidelines for Alternative Care of Children adopted in 2009 provides a framework for governments to acknowledge and deliver alternative care to children in need.[29] And the UN Sustainable Development Goal adopted in 2015 and valid until 2030 in which SOS' work focuses mainly on vulnerable children and families.

CampaignsEdit

No Child Should Grow Up AloneEdit

In 2017, the organization launched the No Child Should Grow Up Alone campaign which aims to emphasize research showing that 1 in 10 children (220 million) worldwide is growing up alone. The campaign is based on a global research called the 'Care Effect' claiming that children growing up without adequate parental care are particularly vulnerable to different forms of human rights violations such as child labor, violence, and sex trafficking.[30]

The report concluded that:

"If we provide care for today’s children in vulnerable circumstances, giving them the foundation they need for learning and developing life skills, we stand a better chance of building a better future for the world”[31]

Care For MeEdit

In 2012, the organization launched the Care For ME! Campaign to encourage research and assessment on alternative child care and to advocate the need to protect the human rights of children from various violations committed against them. Participating countries need to assess whether their national alternative care system complies with the UN Guidelines for Alternative Care of Children.[32]

I MatterEdit

In 2009, the organization launched the "I Matter" campaign to improve legislation surrounding the practice on leaving care. The aim is to support youth ageing out of care in their transition toward independence.[33]

Regional and national networkEdit

SOS is present in over 135 countries around the world. These are listed below by region. SOS organizations in these countries provide active support to children and families. Exceptions are countries marked with an asterisk, in which SOS maintains representative offices which focus on fundraising and building awareness.[34]

Africa[35]Edit

  Algeria   Angola   Benin   Botswana   Burkina Faso   Burundi   Cameroon
  Cape Verde   Central African Republic   Chad   Côte d'Ivoire   Democratic Republic of Congo   Djibouti   Egypt
  Equatorial Guinea   Ethiopia   Gambia   Ghana   Guinea   Guinea-Bissau   Kenya
  Lesotho   Libera   Madagascar   Malawi   Mali   Mauritius   Morocco
  Mozambique   Namibia   Niger  Nigeria   Rwanda   Senegal   Sierra Leone
  Somalia   Somaliland   South Africa   South Sudan   Sudan   Swaziland   Tanzania
  Togo   Tunisia   Uganda   Zambia   Zimbabwe

Americas[36]Edit

  Argentina   Bolivia   Brazil   Canada   Chile   Costa Rica   Dominican Republic
 Ecuador   El Salvador  Guatemala   Haiti  Honduras   Jamaica   Mexico
  Nicaragua  Panama   Paraguay   Peru   Uruguay   United States   Venezuela

Asia[37]Edit

  Armenia   Azerbaijan   Bahrain   Bangladesh   Cambodia   China   Georgia
 India   Indonesia  Israel  Japan  Jordan   Kazakhstan   Kuwait
  Kyrgyzstan   Laos   Lebanon   Mongolia   Nepal   Oman   Qatar
  Pakistan   Palestine   Philippines   Saudi Arabia   South Korea   Sri Lanka   Syria
  Taiwan   Thailand   United Arab Emirates *   Uzbekistan   Vietnam

Europe[38]Edit

  Albania   Austria   Belarus   Belgium   Bosnia & Herzegovina   Bulgaria   Croatia
  Czech Republic   Denmark *   Estonia   Finland   France   Germany   Greece
  Hungary   Iceland *   Italy   Kosovo   Latvia   Lithuania   Luxembourg
  Macedonia   Netherlands*   Northern Cyprus   Norway   Poland   Portugal   Romania
  Russia   Serbia   Spain  Sweden *   Switzerland*   Ukraine   United Kingdom *

Oceania[39]Edit

 * Australia   French Polynesia

ControversyEdit

In January 2018, the branch of the association in Ethiopia was accused of supporting Islam, including forcible conversion of children.[40] The organization denies the allegations, but does admit that a mosque (now closed) had been built on SOS land, contrary to policy.[41]

Prominent supportersEdit

The first prominent supporter was the German-British businesswoman Béatrice von Boch-Galhau, wife of the largest shareholder of the ceramic manufacturer Villeroy & Boch. She became friends with the at-the-time unknown Hermann Gmeiner. In 1959, she employed some of her private fortune to pay for the first Kinderdorf in Germany located in Merzig Hilbringen. She also used her husband's political connections to promote the SOS Kinderdorf idea which was first meeting resistance from the local majors.

Prominent supporters include Nelson Mandela; the Dalai Lama; international footballers Kakha Kaladze, Andriy Shevchenko, Vincent Kompany, Ruud van Nistelrooy, Cesc Fàbregas and Javier Zanetti; opera singer Anna Netrebko; writer Henning Mankell; Belgian tennis player Kim Clijsters; French writer & actress Anny Dupérey; Sarah, Duchess of York; English Child Actress Georgie Henley; former model Princess Salimah Aga Khan; actress and singer Cher; businessman and television host Mike Holmes; Grammy Award-winning singer-songwriter and entertainer June Carter Cash; and Johnny Cash whose memorial fund is towards the work of SOS Children's Villages worldwide.[citation needed] The organisation received the 2002 Conrad N. Hilton Humanitarian Prize.[42]

SOS also receive significant funds through Genworth Financial's Putts4Charity initiative, which they run on golf's European Tour. In November 2012, the initiative reached €1 million in total money raised since 2007.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "'SOS Children's Villages contributing to nation-building'".
  2. ^ "SOS Village goes a long way".
  3. ^ "SOS Children's Villages, Radisson to protect vulnerable youths".
  4. ^ "SOS Children's Villages to begin work in Iraq".
  5. ^ "HERMANN GMEINER OF AUSTRIA, 66; ESTABLISHED SHELTERS FOR CHILDREN".
  6. ^ "Facts & Figures" (PDF).
  7. ^ "Supporting refugees and reuniting families through the cloud".
  8. ^ "SOS answered: Crisis-hit orphans escape sorrow of conflict to celebrate Eid".
  9. ^ "Mothers on nurturing vulnerable children under SOS Children's Villages".
  10. ^ "Mothers on nurturing vulnerable children under SOS Children's Villages".
  11. ^ "SOS Village goes a long way".
  12. ^ "SOS Children donates 75m/- materials to eight schools".
  13. ^ "SOS Children's Villages Sri Lanka empowering Jaffna's youth with vocational education".
  14. ^ "International organisation tackles youth job crisis in Middle East".
  15. ^ "SOS Children's Villages, Radisson to protect vulnerable youthss".
  16. ^ "Built to last: SOS Children's Villages keep children safe against natural disaster".
  17. ^ "SOS Children's Villages to begin work in Iraq".
  18. ^ "Supporting refugees and reuniting families through the cloud".
  19. ^ "Facts & Figures" (PDF).
  20. ^ "Facts & Figures" (PDF).
  21. ^ "SOS Children's Villages · Hilton Humanitarian Prize". Conrad N. Hilton Foundation. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  22. ^ "SOS Children's Villages wins Princess of Asturias Award". Youtube.
  23. ^ "HERMANN GMEINER OF AUSTRIA, 66; ESTABLISHED SHELTERS FOR CHILDREN".
  24. ^ "HERMANN GMEINER OF AUSTRIA, 66; ESTABLISHED SHELTERS FOR CHILDREN".
  25. ^ "HERMANN GMEINER OF AUSTRIA, 66; ESTABLISHED SHELTERS FOR CHILDREN".
  26. ^ "SOS Children's Villages History". SOS Children's Village International.
  27. ^ "Helmut Kutin".
  28. ^ "President of SOS Children's Villages International".
  29. ^ "Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children" (PDF).
  30. ^ "No Child Should Grow Up Alone 2016 | Bonka circus". www.bonkacircus.com. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  31. ^ "The 'Care Effect'" (PDF).
  32. ^ "Behance". www.behance.net. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  33. ^ "SALTO-YOUTH - Otlas - the partner-finding tool - Otlas - SOS Children's Villages Albania". www.salto-youth.net. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  34. ^ Source: SOS website
  35. ^ SOS Children's Villages in Africa
  36. ^ SOS Children's Villages in the Americas
  37. ^ SOS Children's Villages in Asia
  38. ^ SOS Children's Villages in Europe
  39. ^ SOS Children's Villages in Oceania
  40. ^ "Small Christian orphans converted to Islam". agenzia Fides.
  41. ^ "SOS Children's Villages reaffirms its commitment to children at risk". Agenzia Fides.
  42. ^ "CEMEX and SOS Children's Villages Partner to Provide Long-Term Care for Orphans of..." (Press release). Reuters. June 26, 2008. Archived from the original on June 26, 2009.

External linksEdit