United World Colleges
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UWC (or the United World Colleges) is a global network of schools and educational programmes with the shared mission of “making education a force to unite people, nations and cultures for peace and a sustainable future”. The organization was founded on the principles of German educationalist Kurt Hahn in 1962 to promote intercultural understanding. Today, UWC consists of 18 schools on four continents. Young people are selected for the IB Diploma Programme from over 155 countries through a system of volunteer-run national committees; some of the schools are also open to younger years (from kindergarten). Today, UWC runs the world’s largest scholarship programme in international secondary education, with over 80% of students selected by UWC national committees receiving a scholarship.
|Type||Schools, colleges and short educational programmes|
UWC International Office, London, United Kingdom
The current President of UWC is Queen Noor of Jordan (1995–present). Former South African President Nelson Mandela was joint President (1995–1999) alongside Queen Noor, and subsequently Honorary President of UWC (1999–2013). Former UWC presidents are Lord Mountbatten (1968–1977) and Prince Charles (1978–1995). To date, there are almost 60,000 UWC alumni from all over the world.
UWC was originally founded in 1962 to bridge social, national and cultural divides caused by the Cold War. The first college in the movement, UWC Atlantic College in Wales, United Kingdom, was founded in 1962 by Kurt Hahn, a German educationalist who had previously founded Schule Schloss Salem in Germany, Gordonstoun in Scotland, the Outward Bound movement, and the Duke of Edinburgh's Award Scheme.
Hahn envisaged a college educating boys and girls aged 16 to 19. He believed that schools should not simply be a means for preparing to enter university, but should help students prepare for life by developing resilience and the ability to experience both successes and failures. The selection would be based on personal motivation and potential, regardless of any social, economic or cultural factors. A scholarship programme would facilitate the recruitment of young people from different socio-economic backgrounds.
There are currently 18 UWC schools and colleges in operation, with an international office in London. UWC Simón Bolivar was a member of the movement until its closing in 2012 by the Venezuelan government. The location and opening date (and, for those that joined the UWC movement after being founded as an independent institution, their joining year) for each United World College is given below:
- United World College of the Atlantic (Llantwit Major, Wales), 1962
- Lester B. Pearson United World College of the Pacific (Victoria, British Columbia, Canada), 1974
- UWC South East Asia (Singapore), founded 1971, joined UWC 1975
- Waterford Kamhlaba United World College of Southern Africa (Mbabane, Eswatini), founded 1963, joined UWC 1981
- UWC-USA (Montezuma, New Mexico), 1982
- UWC Adriatic (Duino, Italy), 1982
- Simón Bolívar United World College of Agriculture (Ciudad Bolívar, Venezuela), founded 1986, joined UWC 1987, closed 2012
- Li Po Chun United World College (Wu Kai Sha, Hong Kong), 1992
- UWC Red Cross Nordic (Flekke, Norway), 1995
- UWC Mahindra (Village Khubavali, India), 1997
- UWC Costa Rica (Santa Ana, Costa Rica), founded 2000, joined UWC 2006
- UWC Mostar (Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina), 2006
- UWC Maastricht (Maastricht, Netherlands), founded 1984, joined UWC 2009
- UWC Robert Bosch (Freiburg, Germany), 2014
- UWC Dilijan (Dilijan, Armenia), 2014
- UWC Changshu China (Changshu, China), 2015
- UWC Thailand (Phuket, Thailand), founded 2008, joined UWC 2016
- UWC ISAK Japan (Karuizawa, Japan), founded 2014, joined UWC 2017
- UWC East Africa (Kilimanjaro and Arusha, Tanzania), founded 1969, joined UWC 2019
UWC values experiential learning alongside providing its 16–19-year-old students with the International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma, an internationally recognised pre-university educational programme developed in close collaboration with UWC in the late 1960s. The IB Diploma Programme was co-developed by UWC Atlantic College, the Geneva International School and the United Nations School in New York in 1968 and aims "to develop students who have excellent breadth and depth of knowledge – students who flourish physically, intellectually, emotionally and ethically". Until today, UWC and the IB Organisation continue to work closely together to develop new curricula and shaping international education.
Five UWC schools (UWC Thailand, UWC South East Asia in Singapore, UWC Maastricht in the Netherlands, UWC East Africa in Tanzania and Waterford Kamhlaba UWC of Southern Africa in Eswatini) also offer non-residential educational programmes for younger students aged between 18 months and 15 years.
Meanwhile, some UWC schools and colleges offer a Pre-IB Year, as a preparation year for students before they begin their IB Diploma Programme. UWC schools and colleges that offer the Pre-IB Programme include, UWC Changshu in China, UWC South East Asia in Singapore, Waterford Kamhlaba UWC of South Africa in Swaziland, UWC Thailand, UWC ISAK Japan and UWC East Africa in Tanzania.
The UWC education nurtures students' whole person development by having the 'Creativity, Activity, Service' Programme (CAS) at its core. Each UWC school and college offers CAS activities under different names but similarly offers a wide range of both faculty and student led activities.
The UWC model relies heavily on funding support of different philanthropists. For example, the Davis-UWC Scholars Program was launched in 2000 and now supports UWC graduates to study at 99 selected US colleges and universities. In 2018, the Davis-UWC Dare to Dream Programme was launched with the support of Shelby M. C. Davis. UWC's latest partnership with the Schmidt Futures and Rhodes Trust is the Rise Programme. 15 students with refugee backgrounds will receive all-inclusive scholarships to attend across 3 years from 2021 to 2023.
Politics and governmentEdit
- Ashley Bloomfield: New Zealand's Director-General of Health and Chief Executive of New Zealand's Ministry of Health
- Ian Khama: Former President of Botswana
- Julie Payette: Governor General of Canada and astronaut
- Douglas Alexander: British politician
- Lene Feltman Espersen: former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Denmark
- Eluned Morgan: Welsh politician, member of the House of Lords and former member of the European Parliament
- Lindiwe Sisulu: Minister of Defence and Military Veterans in South Africa
- Lousewies van der Laan: Dutch politician, Vice President of the European Liberal Democrats, Chief of Staff to the President of the International Criminal Court
- Corinne Ellemeet: Dutch Member of Parliament
- David Cunliffe: New Zealand Member of Parliament
- Chrystia Freeland: Current Canadian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Federal Minister of Foreign Trade, journalist and member of the Canadian Parliament
- Niki Ashton: Canadian Member of Parliament
- Tim Owen QC: British human rights barrister
- Jakob von Weizsäcker: German politician, Member of the European Parliament
- Marina Catena: Director United Nations World Food Programme and Lieutenant Italian Army
- Pilvi Torsti: Finnish politician and historian
- Xochitl Torres Small: Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Mexico's 2nd congressional district
- Paul Colton: Bishop of Cork, Cloyne and Ross, Ireland
- Kim Han-sol: Grandson of Kim Jong-il
- King Willem-Alexander: King of The Netherlands
- Princess Raiyah bint Hussein: Princess of Jordan
- Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant: heir to the Belgian Crown.
- Zenani Mandela-Dlamini
- Wang Guangya, Chinese diplomat
- Pentti Kouri: Finnish economist and venture capitalist
- Robert Milton: Chairman, President and CEO of ACE Aviation Holdings Inc. and Chairman of Air Canada
- Jorma Ollila: former chairman and CEO of Nokia Corporation
- Peter Sands: CEO of Standard Chartered
- Robin Chase: co-founder and the first CEO of Zipcar
- Todd Sampson: CEO of Leo Burnett, Sydney, co-creator of the Earth Hour initiative
- Tellef Thorleifsson, CEO of Norfund,
- Hakeem Belo-Osagie, Nigerian businessman
- Qais Al Khonji, Omani businessman and entrepreneur
- Eyal Ofer, Israeli businessman
- Darren Huston, Canadian businessman
Arts and mediaEdit
- Sally El Hosaini, Award-winning Film-maker, Screen International's UK Stars of Tomorrow 2009.
- Anne Enright: Irish author, 2007 winner of the Man Booker Prize
- Richard E. Grant: Swazi-English actor of Withnail & I fame and 2019 Academy Award nominee for Best Supporting Actor Can You Ever Forgive Me[circular reference]
- J. Nozipo Maraire: Zimbabwean-born author, entrepreneur and neurosurgeon.
- Karen Mok: Hong-Kong singer, actress and songwriter, three-time Golden Melody Award-winner
- Wangechi Mutu: Kenyan artist and 2010 Deutsche Bank Artist of the Year
- Aki Sasamoto: New York-based, Japanese artist
- Eric Khoo: film director from Singapore
- Ashraf Johaardien: playwright from South Africa
- Sonam Kapoor: Indian actor
- Juan Pablo Di Pace: Actor
- Hernán Jiménez: Comedian and film director from Costa Rica
- Tara Sharma: Indian actress
- Sophie Hawley-Weld: Singer for band Sofi Tukker
- Valeria Luisello: Writer from México.
- Emma Tucker, editor of The Sunday Times
- Saba Douglas-Hamilton: conservationist and TV presenter
- Iqbaal Ramadhan: Indonesian Actor and Musician
- Nicholas Dawes, South African journalist and editor
- Anne Enright, Irish author and writer
- Aernout van Lynden, Dutch-british journalist/ war correspondent
- Luke Harding, British journalist
- Lina Attalah, Egyptian journalist
- Juan Pablo Di Pace, Argentinian actor
- Alison Donnell: English Professor and Head of School of Literature and Languages at University of Reading
- Hanno Kube: Professor of Public Law, Chair of Public Finance and Tax Law at the University of Heidelberg
- Jonathan Michie: Director of the Department for Continuing Education and President of Kellogg College, University of Oxford
- Gina Neff: Professor of Sociology, Oxford University and Senior Research Fellow, Christchurch College, Oxford
- Gyda Sindre: Professor of Political Science, University of York
- Howard Newby: Vice-Chancellor of the University of Liverpool
- Federico Varese: Professor of Criminology, Oxford University and Senior Research Fellow, Nuffield College, Oxford
- Ghil'ad Zuckermann: Chair of Linguistics and Endangered Languages, University of Adelaide.
- Shawkat Toorawa: Professor of Arabic Studies, Yale University.
- Stephan Klasen: Professor of Development Economics, University of Göttingen.
- Alan Whiteside: South African academic, researcher and professor, especially known for his work on Aids in Africa.[circular reference]
- Tamar Herzog, Monroe Gutman Professor of Latin American Affairs at Harvard University
- Yuen Pau Woo, Singaporian-Canadian academic and politician
- Federico Varese, Professor of Criminology at Oxford University
- Jukka-Pekka Onnela, Finnish scientist
- Akihiko Hoshide: Japanese astronaut
- Malaika Vaz youngest explorer to reach Antarctica and Arctic.
- Mayumi Raheem: Sri Lankan swimmer, three times gold medal winner at the 2006 South Asian Games
- Paul Colton, Church of Ireland's Bishop of Cork, Cloyne and Ross.
- Andreas Lowe, Dean of Melbourne in the Anglican Church of Melbourne
- Daliso Chaponda, Malawian comedian
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