Søgne is a former municipality in the old Vest-Agder county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1838 until 2020 when it was merged with the municipalities of Songdalen and Kristiansand into the "new" Kristiansand municipality in what is now Agder county. It was located in the traditional district of Sørlandet, just outside of the city of Kristiansand. The administrative centre of the municipality was the village of Tangvall. Other villages in Søgne include Ausviga, Eig, Høllen, Langenes, Lohne, Lunde, Ny-Hellesund, Trysnes, Vedderheia, Ålo, and Åros.

Søgne kommune
View of Trysnes in Søgne
View of Trysnes in Søgne
Official logo of Søgne kommune
Søgne within Vest-Agder
Søgne within Vest-Agder
Coordinates: 58°05′39″N 07°46′21″E / 58.09417°N 7.77250°E / 58.09417; 7.77250Coordinates: 58°05′39″N 07°46′21″E / 58.09417°N 7.77250°E / 58.09417; 7.77250
CountryNorway
CountyVest-Agder
DistrictSørlandet
Established1 Jan 1838
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
Administrative centreTangvall
Government
 • Mayor (2015-2019)Astrid Hilde (Ap)
Area
 • Total151.33 km2 (58.43 sq mi)
 • Land144.09 km2 (55.63 sq mi)
 • Water7.24 km2 (2.80 sq mi)
Area rank354 in Norway
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (2020)
 • Total11,321
 • Rank103 in Norway
 • Density78.6/km2 (204/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
16.2%
Demonym(s)Søgnesokning[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1018
Official language formBokmål[2]
Created asFormannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded byKristiansand in 2020
Websitesogne.kommune.no

Prior to its dissolution in 2020, the 151-square-kilometre (58 sq mi) municipality was the 354th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Søgne is the 103rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 11,321. The municipality's population density is 78.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (204/sq mi) and its population has increased by 16.2% over the last decade.[3]

General informationEdit

 
View of the coastline of Søgne
 
View of the harbour at Høllen
 
View of the cliffs of Ny-Hellesund

The parish of Sygne (later spelled Søgne) was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). on 1 July 1913, the northern half of Søgne (population: 822) was separated to form the new municipality of Greipstad. This left Søgne with 2,609 residents. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. Søgne municipality remained generally the same during this time, however, there were a couple of small changes to the municipal boundaries. On 1 January 1964, the Stubstad area of neighboring Holum municipality (population: 9) and the Brunvatne area of neighboring Øyslebø municipality (population: 44) were both transferred to Søgne municipality. Then on 1 January 1965, the unpopulated Svalemyren area of neighboring Mandal municipality was transferred to Søgne.[4]

On 1 January 2020, the three neighboring municipalities of Kristiansand, Songdalen, and Søgne merged to form one large municipality called Kristiansand.[5]

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Søgne farm (Old Norse: Sygna), since the Old Søgne Church was built there. The farm is named after the river Sygna (now called Søgneelva) and the name of the river is derived from the verb súga which means "suck". The municipality was historically spelled Sygne until the late 1800s.[6]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 24 May 1985. The blue and silver/white arms show two stone road signs (varder), which in historical times were used to mark the paths and tracks. Two of the largest of these signs are found in the municipality, and were mentioned in historical records in the early 17th century. According to legend, they were already built by King Olaf II of Norway (Hellige-Olav), in the 11th century.[7]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Søgne. It is part of the Mandal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark.

Churches in Søgne
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Søgne Søgne Church Lunde 1861
Old Søgne Church Søgne 1604

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Søgne, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality was governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elected a mayor.[8] The municipality fell under the Kristiansand District Court and the Agder Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Søgne was made up of 27 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Søgne Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [9][10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)5
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:27
Søgne Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)9
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:27
Søgne Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:27
Søgne Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:25
Søgne Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:25
Søgne Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Søgne local list (Søgne bygdeliste)1
Total number of members:25
Søgne Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Søgne local list (Søgne bygdelist)2
Total number of members:25
Søgne Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)10
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Søgne local list (Søgne Bygdeliste)2
Total number of members:25
Søgne Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)10
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Søgne local list (Søgne Bygdeliste)3
Total number of members:25
Søgne Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)9
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Søgne local list (Søgne bygdeliste)2
Total number of members:25
Søgne Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Anders Lange's Party (Anders Langes parti)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Søgne local list (Søgne Bygdeliste)2
Total number of members:25
Søgne Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:25
Søgne Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:17
Søgne Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:17
Søgne Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:17
Søgne Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:21
Søgne Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)11
Total number of members:16
Søgne Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)10
Total number of members:16
Søgne Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)1
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
the Radical People's Party (Radikale Folkepartiet)
8
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:16
Søgne Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)10
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)1
Total number of members:16

MediaEdit

The newspaper Søgne og Songdalen Budstikke has been published in Søgne since 1999.[27]

GeographyEdit

Søgne was a small, coastal municipality, with a long stretch of coastline and islands to the south. To the east, it bordered the municipality of Kristiansand, to the north and northeast it bordered the municipalities of Marnardal and Songdalen, and to the west it bordered the municipality of Mandal.

The municipality had a couple main rivers running through it: Lundeelva and Søgneelva. The Trysfjorden cuts into the shoreline in the west part of the municipality. There are also many islands to the south of the mainland. Ny-Hellesund is a small cluster of three populated islands that were an important outport in the history of Søgne. The Songvår Lighthouse is located in the far south part of the municipality on the small island of Hellersøya.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Søgne
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.1
(31.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
1.7
(35.1)
5.0
(41.0)
10.0
(50.0)
13.9
(57.0)
15.5
(59.9)
15.1
(59.2)
12.0
(53.6)
8.7
(47.7)
4.3
(39.7)
1.5
(34.7)
7.3
(45.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 137
(5.4)
90
(3.5)
99
(3.9)
66
(2.6)
89
(3.5)
81
(3.2)
93
(3.7)
127
(5.0)
154
(6.1)
177
(7.0)
176
(6.9)
131
(5.2)
1,420
(55.9)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[28]

Notable peopleEdit

  • Hans Try (1934–1990), archivist and historian

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ "Nye Kristiansand" (in Norwegian). Kristiansand kommune. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1912). Norske gaardnavne: Lister og Mandals amt (in Norwegian) (9 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 46.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  8. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  9. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2015 - Vest-Agder". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  10. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Vest-Agder". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  12. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  13. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  17. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  18. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  27. ^ Store norske leksikon: Søgne og Songdalen Budstikke.
  28. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 14 June 2004.

External linksEdit