Russian Socialist Movement

Russian Socialist Movement (Russian: Российское социалистическое движение) is a radical left-wing political organisation in Russia. It was created in 2011 by the merging of various left-wing, socialist, anti-capitalist and communist organisations. It is strongly critical of President Vladimir Putin.

Russian Socialist Movement
Российское социалистическое движение
AbbreviationRSM (English)
RSD (Russian)
LeaderCollective leadership
FoundedMarch 7, 2011; 11 years ago (2011-03-07)
Merger ofSDV
IdeologyDemocratic socialism
Political positionLeft-wing to far-left
International affiliationFourth International
Colours  Red
Party flag
Flag of the Russian Socialist Movement.png


The Russian Socialist Movement was officially founded on 7 March 2011 as a merger of the Socialist League "Vpered" (Forward, Russian section of the Fourth International) and Socialist Resistance. The move had been agreed upon by the sixth congress of Vpered and the separate Socialist Resistance conference, held a day earlier on March 6.[1][2][3] Shortly afterwards, in April 2011, the Perm branch of the Revolutionary Workers' Party also joined. A group of members of the Fourth International was formed within the RSM, which has become the new Russian section of the Fourth International.[4]

The founding conference supported the draft "road map" for the integration of the left and its focus on building a broad anti-capitalist left party, together with representatives of other Russian left-wing organizations and social movements. The founding conference of the RSM was attended by representatives of the Institute of Globalisation and Social Movements, the Federation of Socialist Youth from St. Petersburg, the Peter Alekseev Resistance Movement, and the French New Anti-Capitalist Party.[1][2][3] There was support for the inclusion of the Central Council representative of the Left Front in an advisory capacity. In turn, the Left Front will include in its Executive Committee one representative from the unified organization with an advisory vote. This kind of exchange of ambassadors in the governing bodies of two of the key actors of the Russian left is intended to demonstrate a broad alliance, and the seriousness of the left's intentions of unification.[4]

Ideological principlesEdit

The main policy documents of the organisation are the manifesto of the Russian Socialist Movement, entitled 'Revolution - Democracy - Socialism', and a political statement entitled 'Towards the construction of an organisation of the anti-capitalist left'. These documents contain an analysis of the Russian political and economic systems and a left-wing alternative for the development of these systems.[5][6] According to the manifesto, the RSM defines itself as an anti-fascist, revolutionary, democratic, socialist organisation.[5]

As stated in the Manifesto, one of the key objectives of the RSM is "all-round support to all forms of workers' struggle and self-organisation, primarily through militant trade unions. Defending the interests of the labour movement as a whole, the RSM will develop and strengthen independent and grass-roots trade union movements, focusing itself on a decisive struggle for democratic and anti-capitalist demands."[5]


After the unification of left-wing organisations, the RSM included more than ten regional branches with centres in Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Kaluga, Novosibirsk, Perm, Saratov, Yaroslavl and other cities.[1] The organisation is actively involved in various social movements, in particular trades unions and urban, environmental and women's movements. Of particular note is the participation of RSM activists in a campaign against the limitation of women's right to abortion, during which actions were staged in many Russian cities.[7][8]

Members of the organisation were prominent in protests against deforestation in the Khimki and Siverskiy forests, which were to have a new highway built that would run through them. The RSM and other leftist and anarchist organisations gave the demonstrations an explicitly left-wing character and opposed the participation of liberal and right-wing politicians in the campaign. The RSM also acted as one of the organisers of a training camp for protesters, which was attended by anarchists and representatives of other leftist organisations.[9][10][11][12][13][14]

The RSM publishes the newspaper Socialist.

Allied organizationsEdit


  1. ^ a b c (in Russian) В Москве создано новое Российское социалистическое движение (tr. "New Russian Socialist Movement established in Moscow") Archived 2013-12-24 at the Wayback Machine («Новый регион», 9 марта 2011)
  2. ^ a b (in Russian) Новые левые. В Москве учредили Российское социалистическое движение (tr. "New Left. The Russian Socialist Movement was established in Moscow ") («Каспаров.ру», ( 8 March 2011)
  3. ^ a b (in Russian) М. Шевчук. Левые снова пытаются объединиться (tr. "The left is trying to unite again") («Деловой Петербург», ( 9 March 2011)
  4. ^ a b Russian socialists regroup to deepen struggle for new left party
  5. ^ a b c (in Russian) Манифест Российского социалистического движения «Революция — демократия — социализм» (tr. "Manifesto of the Russian Socialist Movement "Revolution - Democracy - Socialism" ")Archived 2013-05-18 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ (in Russian) Политическое заявление Российского социалистического движения «К построению организации антикапиталистических левых» (tr. "Political statement of the Russian Socialist Movement "Toward the building of an organization of the anti-capitalist left" ")
  7. ^ (in Russian) [ A demonstration was held in Moscow on the reproductive rights of Russians (The Institute of Collective Action,, 6 September 2011)
  8. ^ (in Russian) Demonstrators picket in St Petersburg against the restriction of the right of women to abortion (Baltinfo, 24 June 2011)
  9. ^ (in Russian) The defenders of the Khimki forest have split (Kommersant-Online, 27 July 2011)
  10. ^ (in Russian) V. Kozlov. Anarchy - Mother Nature Archived 2013-12-26 at the Wayback Machine (Moskovskiye Novosti,, 27 July 2011)
  11. ^ (in Russian) L. Pravin. The split of the Khimki Defenders (, 27 July 2011)
  12. ^ (in Russian) D. Virina. Demolition of power — Theory and Practice Archived 2013-12-26 at the Wayback Machine (Novaya Gazeta — Saint-Petersburg, № 74, 13 — 16 October 2011)
  13. ^ (in Russian) The Defenders of Siverskiy Forest have decided to break up ecological camp (Baltinfo, 11 August 2011)
  14. ^ (in Russian) The Defenders of Siverskiy Forest carried out a flash-mob in defense of their territory (, 3 October 2011)

External linksEdit