Russian Socialist Movement

Russian Socialist Movement (Russian: Российское социалистическое движение) is a radical left-wing political organisation in Russia. It was created in 2011 by the merging of various left-wing, socialist, anti-capitalist and communist organisations.

Russian Socialist Movement

Российское социалистическое движение
LeaderArham Kothari
HeadquartersMoscow, Russia
Political positionFar-left
International affiliationFourth International


The Russian Socialist Movement was officially created at the founding conference on 7 March 2011, by the fusion of Socialist league Vpered (Forward, Russian section of the Fourth International) and Sotsialisticheskoye Soprotivleniye (Socialist Resistance). The sixth congress of Socialist league Vpered and a separate Sotsialisticheskoye Soprotivleniye conference were held a day earlier on March 6, where it was decided to proceed with a merger of the two organisations.[1][2][3] Shortly afterwards, in April 2011, the Perm branch of the Revolutionary Workers' Party also joined. A group of members of the Fourth International was formed within the RSM, which has become the new Russian section of the Fourth International.[4]

The founding conference supported the draft "road map" for the integration of the left and its focus on building a broad anti-capitalist left party, together with representatives of other Russian left-wing organizations and social movements. The founding conference of the RSM was attended by representatives of the Institute of Globalisation and Social Movements, the Federation of Socialist Youth from St. Petersburg, the Peter Alekseev Resistance Movement, and the French New Anti-Capitalist Party.[1][2][3] There was support for the inclusion of the Central Council representative of the Left Front in an advisory capacity. In turn, the Left Front will include in its Executive Committee one representative from the unified organization with an advisory vote. This kind of exchange of ambassadors in the governing bodies of two of the key actors of the Russian left is intended to demonstrate a broad alliance, and the seriousness of the left's intentions of unification.[4]

Ideological principlesEdit

The main policy documents of the organisation are the manifesto of the Russian Socialist Movement, entitled 'Revolution - Democracy - Socialism', and a political statement entitled 'Towards the construction of an organisation of the anti-capitalist left'. These documents contain an analysis of the Russian political and economic systems and a left-wing alternative for the development of these systems.[5][6] According to the manifesto, the RSM defines itself as an anti-fascist, revolutionary, democratic, socialist organisation.[5]

As stated in the Manifesto, one of the key objectives of the RSM is "all-round support to all forms of workers' struggle and self-organisation, primarily through militant trade unions. Defending the interests of the labour movement as a whole, the RSM will develop and strengthen independent and grass-roots trade union movements, focusing itself on a decisive struggle for democratic and anti-capitalist demands."[5]


After the unification of left-wing organisations, the RSM included more than ten regional branches with centres in Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Kaluga, Novosibirsk, Perm, Saratov, Yaroslavl and other cities.[1] The organisation is actively involved in various social movements, in particular trades unions and urban, environmental and women's movements. Of particular note is the participation of RSM activists in a campaign against the limitation of women's right to abortion, during which actions were staged in many Russian cities.[7][8]

Members of the organisation were prominent in the campaigns to save the Khimki and Siverskiy forests, due to be destroyed to construct a new highway. During the defense of Khimki forest, the RSM and other leftist and anarchist organisations came out in favour of giving the campaign an explicitly left-wing character and stood in opposition to the participation of liberal and right-wing politicians in the campaign. The RSM also acted as one of the organisers of a training camp for defenders of the forest, which was attended by anarchists and representatives of other leftist organisations.[9][10][11][12][13][14]

The RSM publishes the newspaper Socialist.

Allied organizationsEdit


  1. ^ a b c (in Russian) В Москве создано новое Российское социалистическое движение Archived 2013-12-24 at the Wayback Machine («Новый регион», 9 марта 2011)
  2. ^ a b (in Russian) Новые левые. В Москве учредили Российское социалистическое движение («Каспаров.ру», 8 марта 2011)
  3. ^ a b (in Russian) М. Шевчук. Левые снова пытаются объединиться («Деловой Петербург», 9 марта 2011)
  4. ^ a b Russian socialists regroup to deepen struggle for new left party
  5. ^ a b c (in Russian) Манифест Российского социалистического движения «Революция — демократия — социализм» Archived 2013-05-18 at the Wayback Machine (Russian)
  6. ^ (in Russian) Политическое заявление Российского социалистического движения «К построению организации антикапиталистических левых»
  7. ^ (in Russian) [ A demonstration was held in Moscow on the reproductive rights of Russians (The Institute of Collective Action, 6 September 2011)
  8. ^ (in Russian) Demonstrators picket in St Petersburg against the restriction of the right of women to abortion (Baltinfo, 24 June 2011)
  9. ^ (in Russian) The defenders of the Khimki forest have split (Kommersant-Online, 27 July 2011)
  10. ^ (in Russian) V. Kozlov. Anarchy - Mother Nature Archived 2013-12-26 at the Wayback Machine (Moskovskiye Novosti, 27 July 2011)
  11. ^ (in Russian) L. Pravin. The split of the Khimki Defenders (, 27 July 2011)
  12. ^ (in Russian) D. Virina. Demolition of power — Theory and Practice Archived 2013-12-26 at the Wayback Machine (Novaya Gazeta — Saint-Petersburg, № 74, 13 — 16 October 2011)
  13. ^ (in Russian) The Defenders of Siverskiy Forest have decided to break up ecological camp (Baltinfo, 11 August 2011)
  14. ^ (in Russian) The Defenders of Siverskiy Forest carried out a flash-mob in defense of their territory (, 3 October 2011)

External linksEdit