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Rupert I "the Red", Elector Palatine (German: Ruprecht der Rote; 9 June 1309, Wolfratshausen – 16 February 1390, Neustadt an der Weinstraße) was Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1353 to 1356, and Elector Palatine from 10 January 1356 to 16 February 1390.
|Rupert I "the Red"|
|Reign||10 January 1356 – 16 February 1390|
|Born||9 June 1309|
|Died||16 February 1390 (aged 80)|
Neustadt an der Weinstraße
|Spouse||Elisabeth, Countess of Namur |
Beatrix of Jülich-Berg
|House||House of Wittelsbach|
|Father||Rudolf I, Duke of Bavaria|
|Mother||Mechtild of Nassau|
He was the son of Rudolf I, Duke of Bavaria and Mechtild of Nassau, the daughter of Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg, King of Germany. With the death of his brother, Rudolf II, on 4 October 1353, he inherited his domains and became sole Count for the territory, whereas they had previously shared that privilege.
Rupert was married twice: firstly to Elisabeth, Countess of Namur (daughter of John I, Marquis of Namur), secondly to Beatrix of Jülich-Berg, the great-granddaughter of his elder brother Adolf, Count Palatine of the Rhine. Neither marriage produced an heir.