Roman Catholic Diocese of Albenga–Imperia

The Diocese of Albenga–Imperia (Latin: Dioecesis Albinganensis–Imperiae) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Liguria, northern Italy; the traditional name of the Diocese of Albenga was changed by decree of the Congregation of Bishops in the Roman Curia, with the approval of Pope Paul VI, on 1 December 1973.[1] It is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Genoa.[2][3]

Diocese of Albenga–Imperia

Dioecesis Albinganensis–Imperiae
Albenga-IMG 0345.JPG
Albenga Cathedral
Ecclesiastical provinceGenoa
Area979 km2 (378 sq mi)
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2015)
171,500 (est.)
158,400 (est.) (92.4%)
DenominationCatholic Church
RiteRoman Rite
Established5th Century
CathedralCattedrale di S. Michele Arcangelo (Albenga)
Co-cathedralBasilica Concattedrale di S. Maurizio e Compagni Martiri (Porto Maurizio)
Secular priests135 (diocesan)
47 (Religious Orders)
21 Permanent Deacons
Current leadership
BishopGuglielmo Borghetti
Roman Catholic Diocese of Albenga-Imperia in Italy.jpg
Website of the diocese (in Italian)


Legend makes Albenga the scene of the martyrdom of Calocerus of Brescia (Calogero), an officer of the court of Hadrian, between the years 121 and 125. But the Acts of his martyrdom, together with those of Faustinus and Jovita with which they are incorporated, have no historical foundation.[4] Nor does their martyrdom imply the existence of a bishopric or a bishop.

The first bishop of whom we know anything is Quintus, who in the year 451 signed the Synodal Letter of Eusebius, Bishop of Milan, to Pope Leo I, in which the condemnation of Nestorius and Eutyches was sanctioned.[5]

In the medieval period, the bishop of Albenga was lord of the principality of Oneille and of Pietra and its dependencies. He was therefore a feudal subject of the Emperor.[6]

The Barbarossa crisisEdit

At the end of January 1159 the Emperor Frederick seized the city of Crema, which was in league with Milan, and destroyed it. The feudal lords of Albenga paid homage to the Emperor. The Emperor granted the city of Albenga its freedom, and took it under his protection.[7] In the previous year Genoa had seized the territory of Ventimiglia, and Albenga had found itself trapped in a vise.[8]

With the papal election of September 1159 a period of turmoil struck the Church and the diocese of Albenga. Two factions of cardinals elected two popes. The majority chose Pope Alexander III, while the minority, supported by the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, chose Victor IV. In a letter of 26 September 1159 from his refuge in Terracina, Pope Alexander wrote to Archbishop Syrus of Genoa and his suffragans his own version of what had happened. On 13 December he wrote again to bishops in northern Italy, including those of Liguria, telling them that Victor had had himself crowned pope. On 13 February 1160, Victor held a general council at Pavia, with the participation of the Emperor.[9] The legate of Alexander III, Cardinal Iohannes de' Conti di Segni, was sent north to the Po Valley, where, on 27 February 1160, he excommunicated Ubertus of Milan. In 1161 Frederick captured and destroyed the city of Milan.[10] In May and June 1161, Victor and the Emperor held another council, at Cremona, at which Victor deposed Ubertus, the Archbishop of Milan, Hugo of Piacenza, Raimundus of Brescia, and Gerardus of Bologna. Driven from Rome by Imperial troops immediately after his election, Alexander III sought refuge in Genoa on 21 January 1162, where he stayed until his departure for France on 25 April.[11] During his stay in Genoa, Pope Alexander addressed the problem of Milan and Albenga, and a number of other dioceses in Liguria, Piedmont, and Lombardy. Milan, for a time, had ceased to exist, both civilly and ecclesiastically. Albenga had no Metropolitan.

On 25 March 1162, therefore, Pope Alexander issued the bull Superna et ineffabilis.[12] He confirmed the metropolitanate of Genoa, with its suffragan bishops of Mariana, Nebbio, and Accia (on Sardinia); Bobbio, and Brugnato, and ordered that the archbishop should be consecrated by his suffragans. He also granted the archbishop a legateship over the island of Sardinia, to be exercised every eight years in association with a Roman cardinal. The Pope then granted (concessit) to the archbishop of Genoa and his successors the monastery on the island of Gallinaria (just offshore Albenga), which had up to that point belonged directly to the Holy See.[13] He also transferred the parishes of Porto Veneris and its neighborhood (a port of the Genoese fleet) from the diocese of Luni (which was under the control of the Emperor) to the archbishop of Genoa. Then the Pope granted (concessit) the diocese of Albenga to the Archbishop of Genoa and his successors.[14] Two points must be noted. The grant is conditional; it is to take effect 'within the two-year period after peace shall have been restored to the church'. Secondly, Albenga is not said to have been made a suffragan of Genoa. If the peace referred to is the end of the schism, that did not take place until 1178 or 1180.[15]

In 1165 Albenga was allied with Pisa, the principal naval supporters of the Emperor Frederick and the principal enemy of Genoa. But in that year, seeing the opportunity to harm Genoa, Pisa attempted to seize Albenga.[16] On 22 August the Pisan navy attacked with 31 galleys, and the city was captured. It was put to the torch and destroyed.[17]

Bishop Lanterius (Lauterius) is still listed as belonging to the ecclesiastical province of Milan at the III Lateran Council in March 1179.[18]

Innocent III and AlbengaEdit

In 1208 scandal enveloped the diocese of Albenga.[19] Complaints to the papacy were of sufficient gravity that Pope Innocent III appointed a committee of Apostolic Visitors.[20] Bishop Oberto of Albenga was accused of employing the use of the red-hot iron as a method of purging an accused person of the guilt of his crime, and over the strong objections of the people. Oberto was suspended from episcopal authority by the Visitors, and ordered to present himself at the Papal Court to explain his conduct, which he never did. In fact, when the Archbishop of Vercelli appeared and explained the whole matter to the Pope, Bishop Oberto disappeared, and a diligent search was unable to locate him. Pope Innocent then took counsel with his advisors, and Oberto was judged unworthy of the ministry of the altar (ministerio altaris indignum). Then the Pope wrote a letter to Bisho-elect Sessa, ordering him and the Archbishop of Vercelli to use the powers granted to them when they were named Apostolic Visitors to depose Bishop Oberto. They were also ordered to see to it that a suitable person be found to be canonically elected in his place. Bishop Oberto, however, returned to the Papal Court, and engaged in a series of delaying tactics, offering one excuse after another, which were contrary to the information in the committee report, and promising that he would prove his statements at an appropriate time (opportuno tempore). In a letter of 1 October 1210,[21] Pope Innocent ordered Sessa to investigate Oberto's new excuses, and if they were proved to be true, to absolve him and restore him to office; if they were false, he was to proceed as previously directed by the Pope and arrange for a new election.

In the summer of 1213, Pope Innocent decided to deal with the fifty-year-long scandal of the defiance of papal bulls by the bishops of Albenga, with regard to the assignment of Albenga to the ecclesiastical province of Genoa. The moment may have been chosen because a new bishop had just been elected, and was awaiting confirmation by the Pope. The See of Milan was also vacant.[22] On 8 July 1213, Innocent addressed a mandate to the Abbot of Tileto, to warn the Albengans and to get them, by ecclesiastical censures without right of appeal, to render obedience and reverence to the Archbishop of Genoa as their Metropolitan.[23]

On 19 December 1213, Archbishop Otto of Genoa took formal possession of the diocese of Albenga, and on 24 December he was honorably received by the clergy and people of the diocese.[24]

Cathedral and ChapterEdit

The original cathedral of Albenga had once been a Roman temple; it was octagonal in form and dedicated to S. John the Evangelist. It was replaced by the second cathedral, after 1128;[25] it was dedicated to S. Michael the Archangel. Bishop Luca Fieschi (1582–1610) carried out major repairs on the cathedral, and rebuilt the adjacent episcopal palace.[26]

The Chapter of the Cathedral was composed of three dignities (the Archdeacon, the Archpriest, and the Provost) and fifteen Canons.[27] There were also twelve chaplains.[28] The Chapter itself was already in existence by 1076, when Bishop Deodatus gave a mansio in Toirano to the monastery of S. Pietro in Varatella, with the consent of the three dignities and eleven priests and deacons. In 1225 the Chapter of the Cathedral gave to the monastery of S. Stefano in Genoa the churches of S. Maurizio de Villaregia and S. Maria de Pompeiana in the diocese of Albenga. The third dignity, the Provost, was not created until 22 October 1482, by Bishop Leonardo Marchese (1476–1513).[29]

In the early 19th century the Chapter was composed of eighteen Canons and ten Beneficiaries. It had an annual revenue of 5,000 French francs. The Cathedral itself had an income of 2,000 francs.[30]

The Collegiate Church of Santa Maria in fontibus in the city of Albenga also had a Chapter, composed of a Provost and six Canons. There was also a Collegiate Church in Diano Castello, with a Chapter composed of a Provost and twelve Canons. The Collegiate Church of Oneglia had a Chapter composed of a Provost and eleven Canons. The Collegiate church of Pieve had a college of fourteen Canons. Porto Maurizio had a Collegiate Church, with a Chapter composed of a Provost and thirteen Canons. In 1840 a new Collegiate Church was founded in Alassio, with a Chapter consisting of a Provost and twelve Canons.[31]

Bishop Carlo Cicada (1554–1572), who had taken part in the Council of Trent, established the diocesan seminary in 1568. Its quarters were transferred and enlarged in a building next to the old college of S. Lorenzo in 1622.[32] Bishop Pietro Francesco Costa doubled the number of free places in the seminary, and increased the number of teachers.[33] The seminary was ruined by the revolutionary wars of the Genoese and the French, but was restored through the care of Bishop Cordiviola.[34]

The Collegiate Church of S. Siro in San Remo, administered by a college of Canons, had once belonged to the diocese of Albenga, but it was handed over to the diocese of Ventimiglia.[35] It became the co-cathedral of the diocese of Albenga on 1 December 1973, by decree of the Sacred Congregation of Bishops in the Roman Curia.


A diocesan synod was an important meeting of the bishop of a diocese and his clergy, held irregularly at the call of the bishop. Its purpose was (1) to proclaim generally the various decrees already issued by the bishop; (2) to discuss and ratify measures on which the bishop chose to consult with his clergy; (3) to publish statutes and decrees of the diocesan synod, of the provincial synod, and of the Holy See.

On 1 June 1531, Bishop Giangiacomo Gambarana held a diocesan synod with his clergy in the sacristy of the Cathedral.[36] Bishop Carlo Cicala presided over a synod in 1564.[37] Another diocesan synod was held on 1 and 2 December 1583 by Bishop Luca Fieschi.[38]

In 1613 Bishop Dominico Marini held a diocesan synod, whose Constitutions were published in 1902, along with those of the synod held by Filippo Allegro on 16–18 September 1902.[39] In 1618 Bishop Vincenzo Landinelli (1616–1624) presided at a diocesan synod; he held another synod in 1623.[40] On 1 December 1629, Bishop Pietro Francesco Costa held a diocesan synod,[41] and another in 1638.[42] Bishop Giovanni Tommaso Pinelli, C.R. (1666–1688) held a diocesan synod in the Cathedral on 7 and 8 June 1671.[43] Bishop Giorgio Spinola presided at a synod in the Cathedral of Albenga on 8–10 October 1696.[44] A diocesan synod was held in the Cathedral by Bishop Carmelo Cordiviola (1820–1827) on 26–28 October 1824.[45]

Religious Orders in the dioceseEdit

There were Benedictine foundations at S. Romulo (a dependency of S. Stefano in Genoa), Taggia, Triora, and Villa Regia. In the city of Albenga was the monastery of S. Pietro di Toirano,[46] and just off the harbor the monastery of S. Maria e S. Martino di Gallinaria,[47] which was directly dependent on the Holy See.[48]

By the mid-17th century, the diocese was host to the following religious orders: the Dominicans at Albenga, Diano Marina, Pietra, and in Toirano; the Conventual Franciscans in Albenga; the Observant Franciscans in Albenga, Diano Castello, Dolcedo, Porto Maurizio, and Triora; the Reformed Franciscans in Alassio, Pietra, S. Remo and Maro; the Capuchins in Alassio, Loano, Oneglia, Porto Maurezio, San Remo, and Pieve; the Augustinians in Cervo, Loana, Oneglia, Pontedassio, Pieve, and Triora; the Minims of S. Francesco di Paola in Albenga and Borghetto S. Spirito; the Discalced Carmelites at Loano; the Certosini at Toirano; and the Jesuits in San Remo and Alassio.[49]

The Poor Clares had convents at Albenga, Alassio, and Porto Maurizio. The Blue Nuns (Turchine) had convents in San Remo and Pieve.

The FrenchEdit

In 1524 the army of King Francis I of France travelled through Albenga, on their way to claim the Duchy of Milan for the French King, despite treaty stipulations. The army spent twenty-five days in the city's territory. The Emperor Charles V organized an alliance of Italian cities and states, to defend Piedmont from the incursions of the French, and Albenga became a member of that league.[50] In 1525 King Francis was defeated at the Battle of Pavia and taken prisoner. But for the next two centuries and more, the struggle continued over the possession of Liguria and the Piedmont.

From 1794 through 1796 the armies of the French Republic used the road through Albenga to enter Lombardy and the Po Valley in their war against the Austrians. The ideological fervor of the troops and their leaders stimulated local rebellions in Liguria against the governing aristocracy. In June 1797 a civil war broke out in Genoa, which, under the inspiration of General Napoleon Bonaparte, led to the establishment of the Ligurian Republic,[51] of which Albenga became a member. The religious policies of the Ligurian Republic were those of the French Republic, with regard to the reorganization of religion as an organ of the State.[52] In May 1800 the Austrian general Melas occupied Albenga and drove out the French garrison; but at the beginning of June French troops returned and reinstalled the Napoleonic republican regime.[53]

Bishop Paolo Maggiolo (1791–1802) was forced by a violent mob to flee from his cathedral, finding refuge in the parish of Bardino Vecchio, where he died and was buried.[54]

In 1806, all of Liguria was united by the Emperor Napoleon to the French Empire. In obedience to the edict of Napoleon I of 25 February 1810, and the demands of the French minister of cults in Paris, Bishop Dania ordered the teachers in the seminary to instruct their students in the Four Gallican Articles of 1682, and in 1811 he had the Articles printed by a press in Genoa.[55]

In 1810, Bishop Angelo Dania issued a pastoral letter, in which he announced the suppression of all of the religious houses in the diocese of Albenga, in accordance with French laws.

On 14 February 1814, Pope Pius VII, having been released from his captivity by Napoleon at Fontainbleau, arrived at Albenga, while on his journey to Savona. He was received by Bishop Dania, the clergy, and the magistrates and people of Albenga, and conducted to the Cathedral for a thanksgiving service. He was then escorted to the Episcopal Palace, where he spent the night, before continuing on his journey.[56]

Following the Congress of Vienna the duchy of Savoy was returned to the King of Sardinia, and he was made Doge of Genoa in addition. The bishop of Albenga was recognized by the King of Sardinia as a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, even though it had been abolished in 1804.

Carmelo Cordiviola (1820–1827) had the unenviable task of restoring order and repairing the damage done by the French and their collaborator Bishop Dania. He was particularly shocked by the extent of the influence of Gallicanism and Jansenism, especially in the diocesan seminary. He took immediate action by removing the popular Rector, Canon Gianeri, who had twice been Vicar Capitular of the diocese, in 1802 and 1820. The bishop then held a pastoral visitation of the parishes in the diocese, and afterwards held a diocesan synod in 1824 to address the various ills of the faithful members of the diocese.[57]

The Bishop of Albenga was granted possession of the Abbey of S. Maria e S. Martino dell' Isola Gallinaria and the title of Abbot by Pope Gregory XVI on 11 March 1845, on the nomination of the King of Sardinia; he also became Prior of S. Maria d'Arossia (Ponte-lungo).[58] In 1866 Bishop Raffaele Biale sold the entire island on which the monastery of S. Maria e S. Martino was located to Signor Leonardi Gastaldi.


Diocese of AlbengaEdit

to 1400Edit

  • Quintus (attested 451)[59]
  • Bonus (attested 679)[60]
  • Benedictus (c. 885)[61]
  • Erembertus (attested 1046)[62]
  • Deodatus (c. 1075–1098)[63]
  • Aldebertus (c. 1103–1124)[64]
  • Odo (Odoardo) (1125–1149)[65]
  • Robertus (attested 1159)
  • Lanterius (c. 1175–c. 1179)[66]
  • Ainaldus (Airaldus) (attested 1191)[67]
  • Ibaldo Fieschi (1198–c. 1199)
Trucco (1199)[68]
  • Oberto (1205–1211)
  • Enrico (c. 1211–c. 1213)[69]
  • Oberto (1216–1225)[70]
  • Sinibaldo Fieschi (1225–1226 Resigned)[71]
  • Simon (attested 1238)[72]
  • Imperialis Doria[73]
  • Lanterius[74]
  • Lanfrancus de Nigro, O.Min. (1255–1291)[75]
  • Nicolaus Faschino, O.Min. (1292–1306?)[76]
  • Emanuel Spinola (1309–1321)[77]
  • Joannes, O.Min. (1321–1328)[78]
Fredericus Cibo (1328–1329)[79] Administrator
  • Fredericus de Ceva (1329–1350)
  • Giovanni de Ceva (1350–1364)
  • Giovanni Fieschi (1364–1390)
  • Gilbertus Fieschi (1390–1419?)[80]

1400 to 1600Edit

  • Antonio da Ponte (1419–1429)[81]
  • Matteo del Carretto (1429–1448)
Giorgio Fieschi (Flisco) (1448–1459 Resigned) Administrator
Napoleone Fieschi (1459–1466) Administrator

1600 to 1900Edit

Sede vacante (1827–1832)
  • Vincenzo-Tommaso Pirattoni, O.P. (1832–1839)[102]
  • Raffaele Biale (1840–1870)[103]
  • Pietro Anacleto Siboni (1871–1877 Died)[104]
  • Gaetano Alimonda (1877–1879 Resigned)[105]
  • Filippo Allegro (1879–1910 Died)

since 1900Edit

Co-cathedral in Imperia

Diocese of Albenga-ImperiaEdit

Name Changed: 1 December 1973


The Diocese of Albenga-Imperia maintains its own list of parishes in the diocese.[109] The diocese's 163 parishes are divided between the provinces of Imperia and Savona, both in Liguria[110]


Province of ImperiaEdit

Aquila d'Arroscia
S. Reparata
Natività di Maria SS.
Natività di Maria Vergine e S. Bernardo
Borghetto d'Arroscia
S. Marco
S. Colombano (Gavenola)
S. Bernardino Da Siena (Gazzo)
S. Bernardo (Leverone)
Santi Antonio Abate Lorenzo e Giovanni Battista (Ubaga)
Santi Antonio e Bernardino Da Siena
Natività di Maria Vergine (Conio)
S. Lazzaro (San Lazzaro Reale)
S. Pietro in Vincoli (Ville San Pietro)
Santi Nazario e Celso (Ville San Sebastiano)
Santi Michele e Bartolomeo
S. Giovanni Battista
Santi Lucia e Benedetto (Arzeno d’Oneglia-Cesio)
S. Stefano (Chiusanico-Pontedassio)
S. Andrea (Gazzelli)
S. Martino (Torria)
Santi Biagio e Francesco di Sales
Presentazione della Beata Vergine Maria Al Tempio e Santi Vincenzo e Anastasio (Sarola)
S. Marco
Cosio di Arroscia
S. Pietro
Diano Arentino
Santi Margherita e Bernardo
S. Michele (Diano Borello)
Diano Castello
S. Nicolò di Bari
Diano Marina
S. Antonio Abate
Santi Anna e Giacomo (Diano Calderina)
Santi Leonardo e Nicola (Dianogorleri)
Diano San Pietro
S. Pietro
Natività di Maria Vergine e S. Lucia (Borganzo)
S. Tommaso
S. Agostino (Lecchiore)
Cristo Re
S. Benedetto Revelli
S. Giovanni Battista
S. Giuseppe
S. Luca Evangelista
S. Maurizio
Sacra Famiglia
S. Sebastiano (Artallo)
S. Agata (Borgo Sant’Agata)
S. Michele (Borgo d’Oneglia)
Santi Simone e Giuda (Cantalupo)
S. Bartolomeo (Caramagna Ligure)
S. Maria Maggiore (Castelvecchio di Santa Maria Maggiore)
S. Antonio (Costa d’Oneglia)
S. Bernardo (Moltedo)
SS. Annunziata (Montegrazie)
S. Bernardo (Oliveto)
Nostra Signora Assunta (Piani di Imperia)
Nostra Signora della Neve (Poggi di Imperia)
S. Giorgio (Torrazza)
Santi Stefano e Antonino
S. Pantaleone (Borgoratto)
Santi Nazario e Celso
Montegrosso Pian Latte
S. Biagio
Santi Matteo e Gregorio
Pieve di Teco
S. Giovanni Battista
S. Giacomo Maggiore (Acquetico)
S. Giorgio (Calderara)
Nostra Signora Assunta e S. Martino (Moano)
S. Michele (Nirasca)
S. Margherita
S. Michele (Bestagno)
S. Matteo (Villa Guardia)
Nostra Signora Assunta (Villa Viani)
S. Dalmazzo
S. Giovanni Battista (Molini di Prelà)
SS. Annunziata (Tavole)
Santi Gervasio e Protasio (Valloria)
S. Michele (Villatalla)
Nostra Signora Assunta e S. Donato (Bacelega)
S. Bernardo (Costa Bacelega)
S. Martino
Nostra Signora Assunta (Cenova)
S. Antonio (Lavina)
San Bartolomeo al Mare
Nostra Signora della Rovere
S. Bartolomeo
Santi Mauro e Giacomo Maggiore (Chiappa)
Nostra Signora della Neve (Pairola)
Santi Antonio Giacomo e Nicola
Trasfigurazione di Nostro Signore e S. Sebastiano (Pantasina)
Santi Maria Maddalena Processo Martiniano e Matteo (Lenzari)
Villa Faraldi
Trasfigurazione di Nostro Signore e S. Bernardo (Riva Faraldi)
Santi Lorenzo e Antonio (Tovo Faraldi)

Province of SavonaEdit

S. Ambrogio
S. Maria Immacolata
S. Vincenzo Ferreri
S. Sebastiano (Moglio di Alassio)
SS. Annunziata (Solva)
Nostra Signora di Pontelungo
S. Bernardino Da Siena
S. Michele
Sacro Cuore
SS. Annunziata (Bastia)
Santi Fabiano e Sebastiano (Campochiesa)
Nostra Signora Assunta (Leca)
S. Margherita (Lusignano)
S. Giacomo Maggiore (Salea)
Santi Simone e Giuda (San Fedele)
S. Giorgio (San Giorgio)
S. Bartolomeo
S. Giovanni Battista
S. Pietro
S. Andrea (Conna)
Cuore Immacolato di Maria (Marina di Andora)
S. Matilde (Marina di Andora)
SS. Trinità (Rollo)
Nostra Signora Assunta
S. Andrea
S. Maria Maddalena
Borghetto Santo Spirito
S. Antonio Da Padova
S. Matteo
Borgio Verezzi
S. Pietro
S. Martino (Verezzi)
Casanova Lerrone
S. Antonino
S. Giovanni Battista (Bassanico)
S. Luca (Degna)
Santi Apostoli Pietro e Paolo (Marmoreo)
Santi Antonio Abate e Giuliano (Vellego)
Nostra Signora Assunta
Castelvecchio di Rocca Barbena
Nostra Signora Assunta
Nostra Signora della Neve (Vecersio)
Santi Giovanni Battista ed Eugenio
S. Giovanni Battista (Peagna)
Cisano sul Neva
S. Maria Maddalena
S. Nicolò di Bari (Cenesi)
S. Alessandro (Conscente)
S. Caterina
Finale Ligure
S. Bartolomeo (Gorra)
S. Giovanni Battista Decollato (Olle Superiore)
Natività di Maria SS.
Santi Lorenzo e Michele
S. Matteo
S. Giovanni Battista
S. Maria Immacolata
S. Pio X
S. Maria delle Grazie (Verzi)
S. Antonio Abate
S. Giovanni Battista
S. Martino
S. Silvestro
Santi Stefano e Matteo (Pogli)
Pietra Ligure
N. Signora del Soccorso
S. Nicolò di Bari
S. Bernardo (Ranzi)
Nostra Signora Assunta
S. Gregorio Magno
Santi Vincenzo e Anastasio
Santi Cosma e Damiano (San Damiano)
Santi Lorenzo e Bernardino Da Siena (San Lorenzo-Bossaneto)
Santi Bernardo Pietro e Paolo (Ginestro)
S. Martino
S. Bernardo (Carpe)
Tovo San Giacomo
S. Giacomo Maggiore
S. Sebastiano (Bardino Nuovo)
S. Giovanni Battista (Bardino Vecchio)
S. Antonino
Nostra Signora della Neve (Curenna)
Villanova d'Albenga
S. Stefano
S. Bernardo (Ligo)
S. Bartolomeo


  1. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis Vol. LXVI (Vatican City: Typis polyglottis Vaticanis 1974), pp. 27-28 (in Latin). The change was made, the decree notes, since Imperia had become the capital of a civil administrative province.
  2. ^ "Diocese of Albenga-Imperia)" David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016.[self-published source]
  3. ^ "Diocese of Albenga-Imperia" Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016.[self-published source]
  4. ^ Cappelletti, p. 531: Varie sono le opinione circa l'autenticità degli atti del suo martirio, immedesimati con quelli de' santi Faustino e Giovita. Fedele Savio, "La legende des SS. Faustin et Jovite," Analecta bollandiana (in French). Vol. Tomus XV. Bruxelles: Société des Bollandistes. 1896. pp. 5–72. Francesco Lanzoni Le diocese d'Italia dalle origini al principio del secolo VII (An. 604) (Faenza: F. Lega 1927), p. 841: "e un romanzo ciclico".
  5. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia article. Gian Domenico Mansi, Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio editio novissima, Tomus sextus (Florence 1761), p. 144.
  6. ^ Chabrol de Volvic, II, p. 137.
  7. ^ Chabrol de Volvic, II, p. 139. Rossi, p. 108.
  8. ^ Lodovico Antonio Muratori (1819). Annali d'Italia dal principo Dell'era Volgare (in Italian). Vol. X. Milano: Capuccio. p. 271. Rossi, pp. 144-145.
  9. ^ Horace Kinder Mann (1914). The lives of the popes in the early Middle Ages. Vol. X (1159-1198). London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner. pp. 21–55.
  10. ^ Uberto Foglietta (1585). Historia Genuensium libri XII (in Latin). Genoa: Hieronymus Bartolo. pp. 32 verso.
  11. ^ Philippus Jaffe (ed. G. Loewenfeld), Regesta pontificum Romanorum altera editio Tomus II (Leipzig: Veit 1888), p. 147 no. 10584; p. 149 no. 10601; p. 420. Horace Kinder Mann, p. 54.
  12. ^ Kehr, p. 268 no. 13.
  13. ^ Kehr, p. 268 no. 13. This grant was cancelled before 2 April 1169, when Pope Alexander took the monastery, quod proprium est et speciale Romanae ecclesiae, under his protection; and on 28 August 1169 he granted the monastery quod nulli fuit hactenus nisi Romano pontifici subditum. Kehr, p. 361, nos. 1 and 2.
  14. ^ Kehr, p. 268 no. 13: concedit insuper ei et successoribus eius Albinganen. episcopatum, ita quod a biennio, postquam pax fuerit ecclesiae restituta, eundem episcopatum perpetuo habeant. Cappelletti, pp. 544-545.
  15. ^ J. N. D. Kelly, The Oxford Dictionary of Popes (Oxford 1986), pp. 179-180. Frederick Barbarossa did not die until 1190.
  16. ^ Cappelletti, p. 544. Semeria, II, p. 370.
  17. ^ Luigi Tommaso Belgrano, ed. (1890). Annali genovesi de Caffaro e de' suoi continuatori (in Latin). Vol. primo. Genova: Tip. del R. Istituto sordo-muti. p. 180. Semeria, II, p. 370.
  18. ^ J.D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus vigesimus secundus (Venice: A. Zatta 1778), p. 216. Gaetano Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica, Vol. 1 (Venice 1840), p. 194, states that Albenga was made suffragan to Genoa in 1159 by Pope Alexander III, which was approved by Clement III and Celestine III, but never implemented, until Innocent III in 1213. This is contradicted by Giuseppe Cappelletti, Le chiese d'Italia, XIII (Venice 1857), p. 532, who states that Albenga was a suffragan of Milan until 1180, but that it was a bull of Pope Innocent III in 1213 that gave effect to the transfer. Paul Fridolin Kehr, p. 359, places Pope Alexander's bull in 1162 (p. 268 no. 13), but mentions all the other popes and adds Honorius III (1216–1227) as well, without their bulls taking effect.
  19. ^ Semeria, II, pp. 373-375.
  20. ^ The Visitors were the Cistercian Bishop Peter of Ivrea (who was appointed Patriarch of Antioch on 5 March 1209); Archbishop Lotharius Rosario of Vercelli (who was appointed Archbishop of Pisa in April 1208); and the Cistercian Abbot of Tileto Gerardus Sessa (who was named Bishop of Novara in 1209). J.P. Migne (ed.) Patrologiae Cursus Completus: Series Latina, Patrologiae Latinae Tomus CCXIV (Paris 1891), pp. 320-322.
  21. ^ Semeria wrongly dates the letter to 1211. Cf. A. Potthast, Regista pontificum Romanorum I (Berlin 1874), p. 353 no. 4095.
  22. ^ An archbishop had been elected, but his institution was being resisted by the Milanese, and continued to be resisted as late as 2018. Eubel, I, p. 332 with note 4.
  23. ^ Semeria, p. 376.
  24. ^ Calendario generale pe' Regii Stati pubblicato con autorità del Governo e con privilegio di S.S.R.M. Vol. Anno XXIV. Torino: Stamperia sociale degli artisti tipografi. 1847. p. 105. Pietro Gioffredo (1839). Storia delle Alpi marittime (in Italian). Vol. II. Torino: Stamp. Reale. p. 247.
  25. ^ In 1128, Bishop Otto (Ottone) signed a document Sancti Joannis sacrae Albinganensis ecclesiae episcopus. Cappelletti, p. 532.
  26. ^ Rossi, pp. 255-273.
  27. ^ Ughelli, p. 912. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 75, note 1.
  28. ^ Rossi, p. 272.
  29. ^ Accame (1898), pp. 435-436.
  30. ^ The bishop himself had revenues of 5,000 francs. Chabrol de Volvic, II, p. 137.
  31. ^ Calendario generale pe' Regii Stati pubblicato con autorità del Governo e con privilegio di S.S.R.M (in Italian). Vol. Anno XXV. Torino: Stamperia sociale degli artisti tipografi. 1848. pp. 105–107.
  32. ^ A. Borzachello, Albenga e il suo seminario (Albenga 1969).
  33. ^ Rossi, p. 271.
  34. ^ Seminary: Chabrol de Volvic, II, p. 137.
  35. ^ Kehr, p. 361.
  36. ^ Girolamo Rossi (1870). Storia della città e diocesi di Albenga (in Italian). Albenga: Tip. di Tommaso Craviotto. p. 264.
  37. ^ Rossi, p. 266. I. I. Calzamiglia, "Il sinodo di riforma del vescovo Carlo Cicada (1564)," in: Rivista Ingauna e Intemelia 31-33 (1981–1982), pp. 54-64.
  38. ^ J. D. Mansi, L. Petit, and G. B. Martin (ed.), Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio Tomus trigesimus sextusbis (Paris: Hubert Welter 1913), pp. 265-266.
  39. ^ J. D. Mansi, L. Petit, and G. B. Martin (ed.), Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio Tomus trigesimus sextuster (Paris: Hubert Welter 1913), p. 29
  40. ^ Mansi-Petit-Martin, pp. 65, 101. Rossi, p. 269.
  41. ^ Mansi-Petit-Martin, p. 101.
  42. ^ Rossi, p. 270.
  43. ^ Semeria, II, p. 410.
  44. ^ Mansi-Petit-Martin, p. 667.
  45. ^ Synodus dioecesana albinganensis quam Ill.mus et Rev.mus D. D. Carmelius Cordeviola habuit in sua Cathedrali diebus XXVI, XXVII, XXV III octobris MDCCCXXIV (Genuae: A Carniglia 1824).
  46. ^ Semeria, II, pp. 467-468.
  47. ^ Semeria, II, pp. 461-466.
  48. ^ Rossi, pp. 130-132. Kehr, pp. 360-361.
  49. ^ Rossi, p. 273.
  50. ^ Giuseppe Cottalasso (1820). Saggio storico sull'antico ed attuale stato della città d'Albenga (in Italian). Genoa: Stamperia Delle-Piane. p. 97.
  51. ^ David Nicholls (1999). Napoleon: A Biographical Companion. Santa Barbara CA USA: ABC-CLIO. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-87436-957-1.
  52. ^ Chabrol de Volvic, I, p. 140. Rossi, p. 345. Harry Hearder (2014). Italy in the Age of the Risorgimento 1790 - 1870. New York: Routledge. pp. 49–52. ISBN 978-1-317-87206-1.
  53. ^ Cottalasso, pp. 116-117.
  54. ^ Semeria, II, p. 425. Cappelletti, p. 569.
  55. ^ Semeria, II, p. 427-429.
  56. ^ Cottalasso, pp. 117–122.
  57. ^ Semeria, II, pp. 434-435.
  58. ^ Calendario generale pe' Regii Stati pubblicato con autorità del Governo e con privilegio di S.S.R.M (in Italian). Vol. Anno XXV. Torino: Stamperia sociale degli artisti tipografi. 1848. pp. 104–107.
  59. ^ Quintus is also called Quintius, and Quiritus. Semeria, II, p. 357. His alleged successor Gaudentius (c. 465) is a mistaken attribution; he was actually Bishop of Aveia Vestina. Lanzoni, p. 842.
  60. ^ Bonus: Semeria, II, p. 360. Gams, p. 810, column 2. Kehr, p. 358;
  61. ^ Benedetto di Taggia: Semeria, II, p. 361.
  62. ^ Bishop Erimbertus was present at the synod held at Pavia (Ticinum) in the presence of the Emperor Herny III on 22 October 1046, in a serious conflict over precedence among bishops. J. D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima Tomus XIX (Venice: A. Zatta 1774), p. 618 (in Latin).
  63. ^ Deodatus was accused of simony, along with the bishops of Asti and Alba, at a synod held in Milan in April 1098. He was deposed. Semeria, II, pp. 366-367.
  64. ^ Adelbertus (Aldebertus): Semeria, II, pp. 367-369.
  65. ^ Bishop Ottone attended the provincial council of Milan in 1125. Semeria, II, p. 369.
  66. ^ In 1175 Bishop Lauterius acquired the territories of Sarola and San Giovanni degli Olivastri for the episcopal endowment. He was present at the Third Lateran Council in March 1179. J.D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus vigesimus secundus (Venice: A. Zatta 1778), p. 216. Semeria, II, pp. 371-372.
  67. ^ A letter was sent by Pope Clement III to Bishop Airaldus on 9 February 1191. Kehr, p. 277 no. 51.
  68. ^ Truccus is known only from Ughelli, p. 915, who cites no source of his statement.
  69. ^ All references to Enrico derive ultimately from Ughelli, p. 916, and add nothing. Ughelli is wrong in his characterization of the letter of Pope Innocent III of 1213 (Semeria, p. 376), which is not addressed to Enrico and does not mention him by name.
  70. ^ Oberto was not yet a priest when elected bishop of Albenga. He was ordained and consecrated by Archbishop Otto of Genoa on 5 March and 10 March 1216. Rossi, p. 147, places these acts in 1216; Semeria places them in 1217 (but his dates are regularly wrong by one year, including that of the IV Lateran Council, which he puts in 1216). Bishop Oberto participated in the provincial synod of Milan, held immediately after Archbishop Otto's return from Rome, which affirmed the decrees of the Lateran Council of 1215. He reached a formal understanding with the Podestà of Albenga which was notarized on 29 (?) February 1225 (1224). Pietro Gioffredo (1839). Storia delle Alpi marittime (in Italian). Vol. II. Torino: Stamp. Reale. p. 247. Semeria, II, pp. 376-377.
  71. ^ Fieschi became Auditor causarum contradictarum (judge) in the Roman Curia on 14 November 1226; became Vice-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church on 31 May 1227, and was named a cardinal in September 1227. He was elected pope on 25 June 1243. Eubel, I, p. 6 no. 4; p. 7. Philippe Levillain (2002). The Papacy. Vol. 2: Gaius-Proxies. Psychology Press. pp. 790–791. ISBN 978-0-415-92230-2. Frank Northen Magill; Alison Aves (1998). Dictionary of World Biography: The Middle Ages. Vol. 2. New York: Routledge. p. 514. ISBN 978-1-57958-041-4.
  72. ^ Simon: Gams, p. 810; Eubel, I, p. 81.
  73. ^ Imperialis: Gams, p. 810; Eubel, I, p. 81.
  74. ^ Lanterius: Gams, p. 810; Eubel, I, p. 81.
  75. ^ Lanfranc: Rossi, pp. 151-154. Gams, p. 810; Eubel, I, p. 81.
  76. ^ Faschino was appointed bishop of Albenga by Pope Nicholas IV on 28 January 1292. Ughelli (p. 917) states that he died in 1306, as does Rossi. Accame, p. 440, reports that the Vicar Capitular imposed a fine on two Canons in February 1306, during the sede vacante. Lucas Waddingus (1733). Joseph Maria Fonseca (ed.). Annales Minorum Seu Trium Ordinum A S. Francisco Institutorum (in Latin). Vol. Tomus Quintus (secunda ed.). Roma: Typis Rochi Bernabò. pp. 300–301. Rossi, pp. 155-157. Gams, p. 810; Eubel, I, p. 81.
  77. ^ Spinola was killed in a struggle against Genoese invaders. Semeria, II, pp. 387-390. Eubel, I, p. 81.
  78. ^ Fr. Joannes was appointed bishop by Pope John XXII on 18 July 1321. He died in 1328, according to Ughelli. Ughelli, pp. 917-918 (making the year of appointment 1320, wrongly). Semeria, II, p. 390. Eubel I, p. 81. G. Mollat, Jean XXII. Lettres communes III (Paris: Fontemoing 1906), p. 325 no. 13836.
  79. ^ Fredericus was already Bishop of Savona when appointed by Pope John XXII to administer the diocese of Albenga. Eubel, I, pp. 81-82.
  80. ^ Bishop Gilberto (Gerberto) took part in the Council of Pisa in 1409, which deposed both Gregory XII and Boniface VIII. He was unable to attend the Council of Constance, but sent his procurator. Rossi, p. 201.
  81. ^ A native of Venice, Antonio da Ponte had been appointed Patriarch of Aquileia by Pope Gregory XII, who was driven out of Rome and deposed by the Council of Constance, and thus Antonio never obtained the patriarchate. He retained the diocese of Concordia, to which he had been appointed in 1402. He had difficulty in entering the diocese of Albenga, due to the opposition of the Chapter of the Cathedral, and the opposition of the Fieschi, who had held the diocese for the preceding fifty years. Albenga was fought over by the supporters of Gregory XII and those of Benedict XIII. De Ponte was transferred from the diocese of Concordia by Pope Martin V on 10 July 1419. Ughelli, p. 919. Semeria, II, pp. 394-396. Rossi, pp. 201-202. Eubel, I, pp. 82, 201. "Martino V relative alla Liguria II Diocesi ," Atti della Società ligure di storia patria 91 (Genoa 1977), p. 384.
  82. ^ Basso della Rovere was appointed Bishop of Macerata.
  83. ^ "Bishop Leonardo Marchesi" David M. Cheney. Retrieved August 26, 2016
  84. ^ "Bishop Giangiacomo di Gambarana" David M. Cheney. Retrieved August 26, 2016
  85. ^ Appointed Administrator of Mariana. Semeria, II, pp. 401-402.
  86. ^ Carlo Cicala (Cicada), the nephew of Cardinal Giovanni Battista Cicala, had been a Canon of the Cathedral of Genoa, and a professor of law. He was initially appointed Administrator on 30 March 1554, since he was only 24 years of age and below the minimum age for consecration as a bishop. He attended the Council of Trent. Ughelli-Colet, pp. 922-923. Semeria, II, p. 402. Eubel, III, p. 101, with notes 11 and 12.
  87. ^ A priest of the diocese of Genoa, Marini was appointed a Referendary (judge)of the Tribune of the Two Signatures (Justice and Mercy). He was named Bishop of Albenga on 11 April 1611 by Pope Paul V. He was transferred to the diocese of Genoa on 18 July 1616. On 15 November 1627 he was named titular Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem by Pope Urban VIII and appointed governor of the City of Rome. He died in 1635. Giuseppe Banchero (1855). Il Duomo di Genova (in Italian). Genoa: Tip. di T. Ferrando. p. 88. Semeria, I, pp. 257-258. Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, pp. 75 with note 2; 203 with note 5; and 207.
  88. ^ Landinelli: Gauchat, p. 75 with note 3.
  89. ^ Costa: Gauchat, p. 76 with note 4. A. Arecco and I. I. Livio Calzamiglia, Un grande ligure del Seicento. Pier Francesco Costa vescovo di Albenga (1624–1653) (Albenga 2003) (in Italian).
  90. ^ A native of Genoa, Marini had been Referendary (judge) of the Two Signatures in the Roman Curia, and governor successively of the towns of Fano, Fabriano, and Civitavecchia. He was appointed bishop of Albenga in the Consistory of 2 August 1655 by Pope Alexander VII. He was transferred to the diocese of Molfetta in the Kingdom of Naples on 29 March 1666. Semeria, II, p. 410. Gauchat, p. 76 with note 5; 238.
  91. ^ Pinelli was transferred from the diocese of Molfetta, where he had been bishop since 1648, to Albenga on 29 March 1666. He died in 1688. Semeria, II, pp. 410-411. Cappelletti, p. 560. Gauchat, p. 76 with note 6; 238.
  92. ^ Sebastiano Botti was born in Genoa in 1645. He held the degree of master of theology. He was a Provincial of the Roman province of his Order, and then Prior of the Convent at S. Maria in Transpadina in Rome. He was named Bishop of Albenga by Pope Innocent XI on 24 January 1689, and consecrated a bishop on 30 January by Cardinal Marcantonio Barbarigo. He died in December 1690 (according to Ritzler-Sefrin; Cappelletti, p. 560, and Semeria make the date 1689). Semeria, II, p. 412. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 75 with note 3.
  93. ^ Spinola was the brother of Cardinal Giovanni Battista Spinola and nephew of Cardinal Giulio Spinola. He obtained the degree Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law) at the University of Pisa. He was appointed Bishop of Albenga on 12 November 1671, and was consecrated in Rome by Cardinal Opizzo Pallavicini, a native of Genoa, on 18 November. He died in September 1714. Semeria, II, p. 412-413. Cappelletti, pp. 560-561. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 75 with note 4.
  94. ^ Fornari was born of a patrician Genovese family in 1674. He obtained the degree Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law) at the University of Bologna in 1697, and was appointed a Protonotary apostolic in 1700. He was named a Consultor of the Holy Office of the Inquisition in Genoa in 1702. On 30 January 1703 he was appointed Bishop of Aleria (Sardinia), and on 20 February 1715 he was transferred to the diocese of Albenga. He resigned the diocese on 16 November 1730, and was given the honorary title of Bishop of Attaleia (Turkey). Semeria, II, p. 414. Cappelletti, p. 561. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 74 with note 5; p. 75 with note 5.
  95. ^ Rivarola was a native of Genoa and held a Doctorate in theology from the University of Genoa (1727). He became a Consultor to the Office of the Inquisition in Genoa. He was consecrated in Rome on 21 December 1730 by Cardinal Niccolò Lercari. He died on 31 December 1745. Ritzler, VI, p. 73 with note 2.
  96. ^ Serra was born in Genoa in 1687, and joined the Somaschi fathers in 1705. He was a lecturer in theology, then Vice-Principal and Principal in their College of Ss. Niccolò and Biagio in Rome. He was named Bishop of Noli on 7 June 1747, and consecrated in Rome on 10 June 1727 by Cardinal Giorgio Spinola. He was transferred to Albenga on 9 March 1746. Ritzler, VI, p. 74 with note 3; p. 302 with note 2.
  97. ^ Ritzler, VI, p. 74 with note 4.
  98. ^ Ritzler, VI, p. 74 with note 5.
  99. ^ Ritzler, VI, p. 74 with note 6.
  100. ^ Dania was a native of Ovada, and was educated in the house of his Order in Bologna. He was appointed Bishop of Albenga on 20 December 1802, and consecrated the next day. He became an unrestrained flatterer of Napoleon, who united Liguria with France in 1806. He attended the synod in Paris in June 1811, having been sent by Prince Borghese, the Governor-General of Turin. He made a second trip to Paris in January 1813, to sign the treaty between Napoleon and Pius VII. He died on 6 September 1818. Semeria, II, p. 425-434. Rossi, p. 346. Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica VII, p. 66.
  101. ^ Cordiviola was born in Catania (Kingdom of Naples) in 1774. He had been a Canon of the Cathedral of Genoa. He was appointed bishop of Albenga on 2 October 1820. He died on 29 August 1827. Semeria, II, pp. 434-437. Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica VII, p. 66.
  102. ^ Giacomo Maria Pirattoni was born in Alessandria in 1764, and joined the Dominicans in 1780 (Vincenzo Tommaso was his name in the Order). He was educated at the studium of S. Domenico in Bologna, and served as a teacher of philosophy in houses of his Order. He was elected Provincial of his Order, and resided at the Minerva in Rome. He was named Bishop of Albenga on 24 February 1832, and consecrated on 26 February by Cardinal Luigi Lambruschini. He died in Albenga on 25 October 1839. Semeria, II, 437-438. Ritzler-Sefrin, VII, p. 66.
  103. ^ Born in Genoa in 1786, Biale had been a Canon of the Cathedral of Genoa, and President of the Congregation of Suburban Missionaries. He was named Bishop of Albenga on 27 April 1840, and was consecrated a bishop by his Metropolitan, Cardinal Placido Tadini of Genoa, on 7 June 1840. Biale attended the First Vatican Council. He died on 12 April 1870. Cappelletti, p. 575. Semeria, II, pp. 438-439. Ritzler-Sefrin, VII, p. 66.
  104. ^ Born at Costa Bacelega (Albenga) in 1812, Siboni held the degrees of doctor of theology, and Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law). He had been a parish priest in the diocese of Albenga, then Canon of the Cathedral Chapter. He was teacher of dogmatic theology in the diocesan seminary. He was Vicar Capitular, when he was named Bishop of Albenga on 27 October 1871. He was consecrated a bishop in Rome on 5 November by Cardinal Costantino Patrizi Nara. He died on 23 June 1877. "Il" Genio cattolico: Periodico religioso-scientifico-letterario-politico (in Italian). Vol. Anno IV. Reggio Emilia: Bondavalli. 1871. p. 548. Ritzler-Sefrin, VIII, p. 86.
  105. ^ Born in Genoa in 1818, Alimonda had been Canon and Provost of the Cathedral Chapter of Genoa. He taught at the seminary of Genoa, and wrote articles for Il Cattolico. In 1856 he edited and published two volumes on the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception, which had been proclaimed by Pope Pius IX in 1854. He was named Bishop of Albenga on 21 October 1877. He resigned on 12 May 1879 when Pope Leo XIII made him a cardinal. He was appointed Archbishop of Turin on 9 August 1883. He died on 30 May 1891. Ritzler-Sefrin, VIII, pp. 51, 86. 538.
  106. ^ Cattarossi was appointed Bishop of Albenga on 11 April 1911, and transferred to the diocese of Belluno and Feltre on 21 November 1913. Virgilio Tiziani, Giosuè Cattarossi vescovo e conte di Feltre e Belluno, 1863-1944(Venezia : Tipografia libreria Emiliana, 1944). Guido Caviola (1985). Giosuè Cattarossi: vescovo di Feltre e di Belluno (in Italian). Feltre.
  107. ^ Oliveeri was born in Campo-Ligure (diocese of Acqui) in 1944. He studied at the seminary of Acqui and the seminary of Torino, and, after his ordination in 1968, at the Lateran University in Rome, where he took a degree in canon law. He studied at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy and became a papal diplomat in Dakar., then in Great Britain, in France, and in Italy. He was named Bishop of Albenga on 6 October 1990. His resignation was accepted on 1 September 2016, since he had reached the canonical age for retirement. Diocesi di Albenga-Imperia, "Biografia, Vescovo emerito": retrieved: 2018-06-11. (in Italian) On the resignation: McKenna, Josephine (September 2, 2016). "Bishop in scandal-ridden Italian diocese resigns". The Boston Globe. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  108. ^ Diocesi di Albenga-Imperia, "Biografia di S. E. Mons. Guglielmo Borghetti"; retrieved: 2018-10-06. (in Italian)
  109. ^ Diocesi di Albenga-Imperia, "Parrochie"; retrieved: 2018-10-06.
  110. ^ Source: (Retrieved:2008-03-13 04:04:39 +0000)[dead link]




  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Diocese of Albenga". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.