Faustinus and Jovita

Saints Jovita and Faustinus were said to be Christian martyrs under Hadrian. Their traditional date of death is 120. They are patron saints of Brescia. [1]

Saints Jovita and Faustinus
Pala della mercanzia (vincenzo foppa).jpg
Virgin Mary and Christ Child with Saints Jovita and Faustinus, by Vincenzo Foppa.
Martyrs
BornBrescia
Died120 AD
Brescia
Venerated inCatholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Major shrineRelics at Rome, Bologna, Verona, Brescia
Feast15 February
Attributesdepicted as two knightly brothers holding the palms of martyrdom. Sometimes only Jovita is shown, richly dressed and on horseback; an angel may be shown saving them from drowning; sometimes shown with Faustinus of Brescia
PatronageBrescia

Traditional vitaEdit

Tradition states that they were members of a noble family of Brescia in Lombardy (northern Italy). Jovinus, the older brother, was a preacher; Faustinus, a deacon. For their fearless preaching of the Gospel, they were arraigned before the Roman Emperor Hadrian, who at Brescia, Rome and Naples, subjected them to frightful torments, after which they were beheaded at Brescia in the year 120, according to the Bollandists, although historian Paul Allard (Histoire des Persécutions pendant les Deux Premiers Siècles, Paris, 1885) places the date as early as 118.[2]

Saint Faustinus of Brescia, a bishop of Brescia and an alleged descendant, compiled their Acts.[3]

VenerationEdit

The many "Acts" of these saints are chiefly of a legendary character. The Jesuit Fedele Savio questioned nearly every fact related of them except their existence of the martyrdom, which are too well attested by their inclusion in so many of the early martyrologies and their extraordinary cult in their native city, of which from time immemorial they have been the chief patrons.[2] Savio emphasizes that the saints are not to be identified with the fabulous figures in the Acts.

It is believed that they were martyred at a site that either was, or later became, a Roman cemetery. A church was built there called Santi Faustino e Giovita ad sanguinem. Its dedication was later changed to Saint Afra. {Saint Afra's was destroyed during the bombing of World War II).[4]

Their common feast day on 15 February, the traditional date of their martyrdom, was inserted into the General Roman Calendar. It was removed in 1969, because their "Acts are completely fabulous, treating Jovita as a preacher, although she was a woman and a man was Faustinus."[5] The two saints remain listed in the Roman Martyrology, the official, through professedly incomplete, list of the saints recognized by the Catholic Church.[6] The cities of Rome, Bologna and Verona share with Brescia possession of their relics.

A lake partially in the town of St. Leo, Florida has been called Lake Jovita since its discovery by Judge Edmund F. Dunne on February 15, 1882. The nearby community of San Antonio changed its name to Lake Jovita in 1927 before reverting in 1933.[7][8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Monks of Ramsgate. "Faustinus and Jovita". Book of Saints 1921. CatholicSaints.Info. 23 February 2013  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b Murphy, John F.X. "Sts. Faustinus and Jovita." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 6. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. 1 November 2021  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ Monks of Ramsgate. "Faustinus". Book of Saints 1921. CatholicSaints.Info. 26 February 2013   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ Richardson, Jessica N., "Through Water and Stone: The Brescia Sarcophagus Crossing of the Red Sea", Exodus: Border Crossings in Jewish, Christian and Islamic Texts and Images (Annette Hoffmann, ed.) Germany, De Gruyter, 2020. p. 53 ISBN 9783110618549
  5. ^ Calendarium Romanum, Libreria Editrice Vaticana (1969), p. 117
  6. ^ Martyrologium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2001 ISBN 978-88-209-7210-3), p. 142
  7. ^ Horgan, James J. (1990). Pioneer College: The Centennial History of Saint Leo College, Saint Leo Abbey, and Holy Name Priory. Saint Leo, FL. Saint Leo College Press. ISBN 978-0-945759-01-0
  8. ^ Jeffares, Carol (April 30, 1988). "Communities changed names to fit new times". Tampa Tribune. p. 2D. Retrieved December 3, 2017.

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Sts. Faustinus and Jovita". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

Sources and external linksEdit