Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver
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Archdiocese of Vancouver
|Territory||South West British Columbia|
|Area||119,439 km2 (46,116 sq mi)|
- Catholics (including non-members)
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||14 December 1863|
|Cathedral||Holy Rosary Cathedral (Vancouver)|
|Archbishop||J. Michael Miller, CSB|
|Suffragans||Joseph Phuong Nguyen|
Bishop of Kamloops
Bishop of Nelson
Bishop of Prince George
Bishop of Victoria
|Bishops emeritus||Adam Exner|
As per 2019/2020 diocesan Annual Report, it pastorally served 445,000 Catholics on approximately 120,000 km2. The archdiocese contained 77 parishes, 202 priests, 96 religious sisters, 23 permanent deacons and 445,128 baptized Catholics. There are 51 Catholic schools and 4 higher education institutions.
Anniversaries of significance to the archdioceseEdit
Oblates of Mary Immaculate yearsEdit
On 14 December 1863, the Apostolic Vicariate of British Columbia was erected on territory split off from the Diocese of Vancouver Island). A French priest, by the name Louis-Joseph D'Herbomez, from the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, became the first Vicar Apostolic of the newly formed territory. He was soon ordained Titular Bishop of Miletopolis in 1864 and served the Catholic community until his death in 1890.
On 2 September 1890, the pre-diocesan Apostolic Vicariate of British Columbia becomes the Diocese of New Westminster. Another Oblate of Mary Immaculate French Bishop, Pierre-Paul Durieu, took over the responsibilities and served the community until his death in 1899.
Another French Bishop, Augustin Dontenwill, took governance of the Diocese of New Westminster in 1899 and served the community until he resigned, to become the Superior General of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, in 1908. Under his tenure the Holy Rosary Church was commissioned.
Under the Archdiocese of VictoriaEdit
In 1903, the Diocese of Vancouver Island was elevated to Archdiocese of Vancouver Island and in 1904, it was renamed as the Archdiocese of Victoria. A German-born bishop, Bertram Orth, was appointed archbishop in 1903 and led the Archdiocese of Victoria and its suffrages until he resigned in 1908.
On 19 September 1908, the Diocese of New Westminster was elevated to the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Vancouver and in October, 1908, the Archdiocese of Victoria was lowered to the Diocese of Victoria. Father Alexander MacDonald, of Nova Scotia, was quickly appointed and ordained Bishop of Victoria.
The Canadian bishopsEdit
For just over one year the Archdiocese of Vancouver had no bishop until Neil McNeil, Bishop of St. George's, Newfoundland, became the first appointed Canadian Archbishop of Vancouver on 19 January 1910. His tenure was short, as he then went on to become the Archbishop of Toronto on 10 April 1912.
August, 1912, Timothy Casey, Bishop of Saint John in America, New Brunswick, becomes the 5th archbishop of Vancouver. In 1914, what is now called World War I broke out, and Archbishop Casey had to battle hard financial times for the archdiocese. Under his governance, Holy Rosary Church became a cathedral. He served his community until his death in October 1931.
The "Iron Duke" yearsEdit
August 1928, a priest from Saint John, New Brunswick, became coadjutor archbishop of Vancouver, and on 5 October 1931, Bishop William Mark Duke became Archbishop of Vancouver. In his 32 years of service to his community, Archbishop Duke had to deal with the Great Depression of the Dirty Thirties and later World War II. His strict disciplinarian beliefs and financial management of the archdiocese earned him the title “Iron Duke”. The legacy that was left behind when Archbishop William Mark Duke retired in March 1964 is impressive. He helped establish St. Mark's College at the University of British Columbia, 2 Catholic high schools, 1 non-diocese Catholic high school, 22 Catholic elementary schools and 3 Catholic hospitals including many new parishes in the diocese alone.
During his tenure the archbishopric lost territory twice, to establish suffragan sees : on February 22, 1936 the Diocese of Nelson was erected and on December 22, 1945 the Diocese of Kamloops. These new dioceses helped erect a new high school, new elementary schools & parishes.: Lost territory to establish Diocese of Nelson
The bishop of Nelson, Martin Michael Johnston, became Coadjutor Archbishop of Vancouver, in 1954, to assist Archbishop Duke during Duke's last 10 years of governance. Bishop Johnston became Archbishop of Vancouver on 1964 and retired in 1969. During Archbishop Johnston's tenure, the Vicariate of Prince Rupert was elevated to Diocese of Prince George, in 1967.
Project Advance yearsEdit
Auxiliary Bishop James Carney became Archbishop of Vancouver in 1969. Carney became the first Vancouver-born bishop to be appointed to the archdiocese. During his tenure Carney saw the need to rebuild many of the parishes, schools and hospitals that were showing their age. Project Advance was introduced into the community that required the parishes to raise funds. These funds went back into the community to help rebuild their parishes & schools and also to build new facilities, like Archbishop Carney Regional Secondary School, which was built in the archbishop's honour after he died in 1990.
The archdiocese concluded a nine-year synod in December 2006. Lay and religious representatives from every parish, Catholic school, religious community, the local seminary, and Catholic organizations took part, as well as non-Catholic observers who were invited to the process.
Although it formally ran from October 2002 to October 2003, extensive preparation went into the synod as far back as 1998 during the period leading up to the Great Jubilee of the Year 2000. The synod's aim was to bring the Church of Vancouver into the 21st century, from the “maintenance” mode it was in to more of a mission-driven model, as former archbishop emeritus Adam Exner, OMI, put it.
On December 3, 2006, at Holy Rosary Cathedral, Archbishop Raymond Roussin officially declared the synod closed, officially setting in motion the initiatives proposed.
According to the archdiocesan newspaper The B.C. Catholic, the first 20 declarations from the synod were to come into effect almost immediately. "Among the highlights are initiatives to encourage pastors to delegate more duties to the laity, to promote the faith formation of teachers, to initiate an adult faith formation strategy, to establish an office and vicar for evangelization, and to initiate a support group for priests."
The archdiocese is now working in a significant infrastructure upgrade. This includes seismic upgrades to many churches and schools. The Archdiocese of Vancouver is considered to be among the most conservative of Canada.
In 2019, the Archdiocese of Vancouver publicly named nine clergymen who were criminally convicted of sexual abuse or who had civil lawsuits related to abuse settled against them. It was also acknowledged that the archdiocese was aware of 36 sex abuse cases since the 1950s, which involved 26 children. The Archdiocese of Vancouver was the first among Canada's 60 Catholic dioceses to make this information public.
In August 2020, a new sex abuse lawsuit was filed against the Archdiocese of Vancouver. The lead plaintiff, identified only by the initials K.S. in the court documents, said the priest in charge of St. Francis of Assisi School, Father Michael Conaghan, sexually assaulted her while she was a student at the school in the '80s. She was around 11 years old at the time of the alleged abuse. Conaghan, who died four days after the lawsuit was filed, was not among the nine clergy listed by the Archiocese in 2019. The lawsuit also alleges the Archdiocese of Vancouver followed marching orders from the Vatican for years on how to bury allegations of abuse within its parishes.
On December 2020, the Archdiocese of Vancouver settled more sex abuse cases involved three additional priests who sexually abuse 13 previously undisclosed victims. The three priests named were also not previously listed on the Archdiocese of Vancouver's credibly accused list.
Coat of ArmsEdit
Charges on the Escutcheon
The Barque of St. Peter
"As he walked by the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon who is called Peter and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea; for they were fishermen. And he said to them, “Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.”" (RSV)
Below is a list of individuals who have led the Archdiocese of Vancouver and its antecedent jurisdictions since its founding.
Apostolic Vicars of British ColumbiaEdit
Bishops of New WestminsterEdit
- Pierre-Paul Durieu (1890–1899)
- Augustin Dontenwill (1899–1908)
Archbishops of VancouverEdit
- Augustin Dontenwill (1908–1910)
- Neil McNeil (1910–1912)
- Timothy Casey (1912–1931)
- William Mark Duke (1931–1964)
- Martin Michael Johnson (1964–1969)
- James Carney (1969–1990)
- Adam Exner (1991–2004)
- Raymond Roussin (2004–2009)
- J. Michael Miller (2009–present)
Under the Code of Canon Law, the coadjutor bishop has the right of succession (cum jure successionis) upon the death, retirement or resignation of the diocesan bishop he is assisting. All coadjutor ordinaries eventually succeeded to become head of the Archdiocese of Vancouver or its antecedent jurisdictions.
- Pierre-Paul Durieu (1875–1890), as coadjutor apostolic vicar
- Augustin Dontenwill (1897–1899), as coadjutor bishop
- William Mark Duke (1928–1931)
- Martin Michael Johnson (1954–1964)
- J. Michael Miller (2007–2009)
- Edward Quentin Jennings (1941–1946), appointed Bishop of Kamloops
- James Carney (1966–1969), appointed Archbishop of Vancouver
- Lawrence Sabatini (1978–1982), appointed Bishop of Kamloops
Other priests of this archdiocese who became bishopsEdit
Seven priests from the archdiocese subsequently became bishops of other dioceses outside of Vancouver. The first year listed in brackets indicates the year they were ordained as a priest for the archdiocese. This list omits Carney; though he was a priest for the archdiocese from 1942 until 1966, he subsequently became auxiliary bishop of the same archdiocese in 1966, and Archbishop of Vancouver in 1969.
- Peter Mallon (1956–1990), appointed Bishop of Nelson in 1990
- David Monroe (1967–2002), appointed Bishop of Kamloops in 2002. Returned to the archdiocese after his retirement in 2016.
- Richard Gagnon (1983–2004), appointed Bishop of Victoria, British Columbia in 2004
- Gary Gordon (1982–2006), appointed Bishop of Whitehorse in 2006
- Stephen Jensen (1980–2013), appointed Bishop of Prince George in 2013
- Mark Hagemoen (1990–2013), appointed Bishop of Mackenzie–Fort Smith in 2013
- Joseph Phuong Nguyen (1992–2016), appointed Bishop of Kamloops, British Columbia in 2016
The churches offer masses in the following languages: Arabic, Chinese (Cantonese), Chinese (Mandarin), Croatian, English, French, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Laotian, Traditional Latin, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Spanish, Tagalog and Vietnamese.
Catholic High SchoolsEdit
|Holy Cross Regional High School||Surrey||1982||http://www.holycross.bc.ca/||~780 (co-ed)|
|St. Thomas Aquinas Regional Secondary School||North Vancouver||1953||http://www.aquinas.org/||~600 (co-ed)|
|Archbishop Carney Regional Secondary School||Port Coquitlam||1994||http://www.acrss.org/||~750 (co-ed)|
|St. Patrick's Regional Secondary||Vancouver||1928||http://www.stpats.bc.ca/||~500 (co-ed)|
|St. Thomas More Collegiate (non-diocese)||Burnaby||1960||http://www.stmc.bc.ca/||~660 (co-ed)|
|St. John Brebeuf Regional Secondary||Abbotsford||1992||http://www.stjohnbrebeuf.ca/||~335 (co-ed)|
|St. John Paul II Academy||White Rock||2018||https://www.sjp2academy.com/||~N/A|
|Notre Dame Regional Secondary School||Vancouver||1953||http://www.ndrs.org/||~600 (co-ed)|
|Traditional Learning Academy||Coquitlam||1991||http://traditionallearning.com/|
|Vancouver College (non-diocese)||Vancouver||1922||http://www.vc.bc.ca/||~600 (boys)|
|Little Flower Academy (non-diocese)||Vancouver||1927||http://www.lfabc.org/||~470 (girls)|
- The Seminary of Christ the King, Mission, BC, is 1 of 2 Canadian high school seminaries. The other is located in Cornwall, Ontario.
- The Convent of Sacred Heart High School was an all-girls school, in Vancouver, opened in 1911. The school was closed down in 1979 and sold to become St. George's School (Vancouver) junior school.
- Marian High School was an all girls school run by the Sisters of Charity of St. Louis. It was located in Burnaby BC, adjacent to St. Michael's Parish. It opened in 1965 and was closed by the archdiocese in 1988.
Catholic Elementary SchoolsEdit
|Assumption School||Powell River||1961||http://www.assumpschool.com/|
|Holy Trinity||North Vancouver||1955||http://www.holytschool.org/|
|Our Lady of Fatima||Coquitlam||1947||http://www.fatimaschool.ca/|
|Our Lady of Good Counsel||Surrey||1957||http://www.ourladyofgoodcounselschool.ca/|
|Our Lady of Mercy||Burnaby||1959||http://www.ourladyofmercy.ca/|
|Our Lady of Perpetual Help||Vancouver||1927||http://www.olphbc.ca/|
|Our Lady of Sorrows||Vancouver||1926||http://www.ourladyofsorrows.ca/|
|Our Lady of the Assumption||Port Coquitlam||1982||http://www.assumptionschool.com/|
|Queen of All Saints||Coquitlam||1996||http://www.queenofallsaintsschool.ca/|
|St. Anthony of Padua||Vancouver||1997||http://www.stanthonyofpaduaschool.ca/|
|St. Anthony's||West Vancouver||1958||http://www.saswv.ca/|
|St. Edmund's||North Vancouver||1911||http://www.stedmunds.ca/|
|St. Francis de Sales||Burnaby||1954||http://www.stfrancisdesalesschool.ca/|
|St. Francis of Assisi||Vancouver||1946||http://sfaschool.ca|
|St. Francis Xavier||Vancouver||1940||http://www.sfxschool.ca/|
|St. Joseph the Worker||Richmond||1988||http://stjo.richmond.bc.ca/|
|St. Patrick's||Maple Ridge||1955||http://www.stpatsschool.org|
|St. Pius X||North Vancouver||1996||http://www.saintpius.ca/|
|Star of the Sea||White Rock||1981||http://www.starofthesea.bc.ca/school/|
- St. Ann's Academy, of Vancouver (located by Holy Rosary Cathedral), was open 1888 & closed 1946.
- St. Ann's Academy, of New Westminster, was open 1865 & closed 1968.
- St. Peter's School, of New Westminster, was open 1945 & closed in 1968.
- Holy Ghost School, of Lulu Island, was opened 1947 & closed in 1955.
- In 1982, Little Flower Academy closed its elementary section of the school.
Catholic Universities, Colleges and SeminariesEdit
At present there are no Catholic universities, but, as per Archdiocesan Synod, there are plans to build one in the future.
|St. Mark's College (UBC)||Vancouver @ University of British Columbia||1956||http://www.stmarkscollege.ca/||~30 (co-ed)|
|Corpus Christi College (UBC)||Vancouver @ University of British Columbia||http://www.corpuschristi.ca/||(co-ed)|
|Catholic Pacific College||Walnut Grove Campus & Glover Road Campus in Langley, BC||1999||https://www.catholicpacific.ca/||(co-ed)|
|Seminary of Christ the King||Mission||1931||http://www.sck.ca/||(men only)|
The Gardens of Gethsemani Cemetery & Mausoleum (Est. 1965), 15800 - 32nd Avenue, Surrey, B.C.
On March 31, 2000, St. Paul's Hospital, Holy Family Hospital, & CHARA Health Care Society were consolidated into one legal entity and formed Providence Health Care, with eight sites in the city of Vancouver.
Although the archdiocese is responsible for the creation of the hospitals and care facilities. It no long has direct control of these facilities as they are governed by a board of directors, the Congregation of Sisters & Providence Senior Leadership Team. Providence Health Care continues to provide Catholic health care.
Providence Health Care is presently developing the Legacy Project, which is to renew St. Paul's Hospital into a state-of-the-art research and teaching facility.
|St. Paul's Hospital (Vancouver)||Vancouver||1894||the Sisters of Providence||500|
|St. Vincent's Hospital (Vancouver)||Vancouver||1939||the Sisters of Charity||650|
|Mount Saint Joseph Hospital (1946)||Vancouver||1921||the Missionary Sisters||208|
|Holy Family Hospital||Vancouver||1947||the Sisters of Providence||218|
|Youville Residence||Vancouver||1931||the Grey Sisters||152|
- Catholic Family Services - School assistance, marriage, employee assistance, separation, abortion healing, etc.
- CNEWA - Catholic Near East Welfare Association - supports Christian communities of the Middle East, Northeast Africa, India and Eastern Europe.
- Catholic Charities Men's Hostel - Emergency shelter for men.
- Columbus Towers - Low rent housing for seniors
- Missionaries of Charity - housing for single pregnant mothers.
- St. Michael's Centre - extended care beds & hospice beds. (144 beds)
- Apostleship of the Sea - Provides services to visiting international seafarers.
- Catholic Charities Justice Services - Prison visitation & re-integration programs.
- Faith & Light Association - Providing services & support for the mentally handicapped & their families.
- Franciscan Sisters of the Atonement - emergency food & clothing programs.
- Society of St. Vincent de Paul - visiting the sick and assistance to families.
- The Door is Open - A safe drop-in centre for the homeless.
- The archdiocese publishes a newspaper called The B.C. Catholic for the community. (Founded in 1931)
- Rosemary Heights Retreat Centre - A ministry of the archdiocese which consists of a chapel, accommodations, conference rooms, full cafeteria service, gardens and grottos.
- In sublimi, Litterae Apostolicae, Dioecesis Neo-Westmonasteriensis in Archidioecesim erigitur Vancouveriensem denominandam., d. 19 m. Septembris a. 1908, Pius PP. X September 19, 1908 letter from Vatican Secretary of State declaring seat of Diocese of New Westminster transferred to City of Vancouver (Latin)
- Catholic hierarchy - Archdiocese of Vancouver (Statistics section) - Retrieved April 23, 2009
- "Archdiocese of Vancouver Annual Report". rcav.org. Retrieved 2021-03-02.
- "Throwback Thursday: Holy Rosary Cathedral edition". The B.C. Catholic. Vancouver. October 2, 2019. Archived from the original on October 10, 2019. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- "October 3rd Feast of the Dedication of Cathedral". Holy Rosary Cathedral. Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. September 29, 2018. Archived from the original on October 10, 2019. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- "Solemn Mass for the Feast of the Holy Rosary". Holy Rosary Cathedral. Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on October 10, 2019. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- "Readings for Mass" (PDF). Holy Rosary Cathedral. Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. October 7, 2018. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 10, 2019. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- McNally, Vincent J. (2000). The Lord's Distant Vineyard: A History of the Oblates and the Catholic Community in British Columbia. University of Alberta Press. p. 51. ISBN 9780888643469.
- "A focus on vocations to the priesthood – Particular Church of Vancouver". Abbotsford: St. Ann’s Roman Catholic Church. Archived from the original on October 10, 2019. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- "Archdiocese of Vancouver, Canada". GCatholic. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
- "Infrastructure Renewal Project Brief". Archdiocese of Vancouver.
- Todd, Douglas. "Contrasting two B.C. Catholic dioceses – De Roo and Exner". Vancouver Sun.
- Mangione, Kendra (December 14, 2020). "Sex abuse settlement report: 3 more Vancouver priests named, 13 more victims came forward". CTV News. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
- "Diocesan Coat of Arms".
- "Former Bishops". RCAV.org. Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on April 19, 2020. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
- "Code of Canon Law – Book II, Part II, Section II, Title I". Holy See Press Office. Holy See. January 25, 1983. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
- Van Hove, A. (1913). "Bishop". In Charles George Herbermann (ed.). The Original Catholic Encyclopedia. 2. Robert Appleton Company. p. 581. Archived from the original on January 14, 2012. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
- Agnew, Paddy; McGarry, Patsy (May 5, 2012). "Vatican may appoint bishop to aid Brady". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on May 6, 2012. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
- "The Most Reverend E.Q. Jennings" (PDF). Roman Catholic Diocese of Thunder Bay. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 14, 2019. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
- "Archbishop James Carney". RCAV.org. Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- "Bishop Lawrence Sabatini of Kamloops Retires". Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops. September 1, 1999. Archived from the original on April 19, 2020. Retrieved January 14, 2019.
- "Priestly Fraternity – Source of Bishops". Office of Vocations. Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on April 19, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
- "Vocations Ordination Dates – Bishop and Active Diocesan Priests by Date of Ordination". RCAV.org. Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on April 19, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
- "Archbishop Mallon". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Regina. Archived from the original on April 6, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
- "New Bishop for Kamloops". Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops. January 6, 2002. Archived from the original on April 19, 2020. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
- "Fall Institute 2019". RCAV.org. Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. 2019. Archived from the original on April 19, 2020. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
As a retired priest, he continues to be actively involved in replacement ministry and chaplaincy duties for the Archdiocese of Vancouver.
- "Archbishop Richard Gagnon Biography". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Winnipeg. Archived from the original on 4 September 2018. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
- "Father Gary Gordon appointed Bishop of Whitehorse". Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops. January 4, 2006. Archived from the original on April 19, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
- "Appointment of new Bishop for Prince George". Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops. January 3, 2013. Archived from the original on April 19, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
- "Msgr. Mark Hagemoen appointed Bishop of Mackenzie – Fort Smith". Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops. October 15, 2013. Archived from the original on April 19, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
- "New Bishop appointed for Kamloops". Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops. June 1, 2016. Archived from the original on April 19, 2020. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
- Religious of the Sacred Heart - Retrieved May 15, 2009
- British Columbia Archival Union List - Retrieved May 15, 2009
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver.|
- Archdiocese of Vancouver
- GCatholic - data for most sections
- Pope Names Coadjutor Bishop for Vancouver, June 1, 2007, news release, Archdiocese of Vancouver
- Archdiocese of Vancouver page at catholichierarchy.org retrieved July 14, 2006
- "Archbishops Roussin, Miller like an ‘episcopal dream team’", The B.C. Catholic, June 11, 2007
- Catholic Independent Schools of the Vancouver Archdiocese