List of Roman Catholic archbishops of Vancouver

The Archbishop of Vancouver is the head of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver who is responsible for looking after its "spiritual and administrative needs".[1] As the archdiocese is the metropolitan see of the ecclesiastical province encompassing nearly all of British Columbia, the Archbishop of Vancouver also administers the bishops who head the suffragan dioceses of Kamloops, Nelson, Prince George, and Victoria.[1] The current archbishop is J. Michael Miller.

Archbishop of Vancouver
Archbishopric
catholic
A man wearing a mitre, pallium, and chasuble holding a crozier in his left hand
J. Michael Miller, the Archbishop of Vancouver since 2009
Shield topped by a mitre, featuring a white heraldic rose, Chi Rho, and Pacific dogwood on blue field at top; the Barque of St. Peter and a white star on gold field; and four alternating blue and white wavy stripes at the bottom
The coat of arms of the Archdiocese of Vancouver
Incumbent:
J. Michael Miller
Information
First holderLouis-Joseph d'Herbomez (apostolic vicar)
Augustin Dontenwill (archbishop)
Established1863 (apostolic vicariate)
1908 (archbishopric)
ArchdioceseVancouver
CathedralHoly Rosary Cathedral
Website
http://www.rcav.org/

The archdiocese began as the Vicariate Apostolic of British Columbia,[2] which was created on December 14, 1863.[3] Louis-Joseph d'Herbomez was appointed its first bishop, and under his reign, the first parish was formed at the Holy Rosary church.[4] On September 2, 1890, the vicariate was elevated to the status of diocese by Pope Leo XIII and was based in New Westminster.[2] On account of the rapid expansion and development of Vancouver, the Holy See decided to centre the archdiocese around the city.[5] As a result, the Diocese of New Westminster became the Archdiocese of Vancouver, and the Archdiocese of Victoria was reduced to diocesan level on September 7, 1908.[2] Augustin Dontenwill became the first archbishop of the newly-formed metropolitan see in Vancouver, British Columbia.[6]

Nine men have been Archbishop of Vancouver; another two were heads of its antecedent jurisdictions.[7] Of these, four were members of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate (OMI),[7] and one (Dontenwill) became the superior general of the order.[6] Neil McNeil, the fourth ordinary of the archdiocese, was the first archbishop who did not belong to a religious order.[8] James Carney, whose episcopacy spanned from 1969 to 1990, was the first archbishop born in Vancouver.[9] William Mark Duke had the longest tenure as Archbishop of Vancouver, serving for 33 years from 1931 to 1964, while McNeil held the position for two years (1910–1912), marking the shortest archepiscopacy.[7]

List of ordinariesEdit

 
Pierre-Paul Durieu reigned from 1890 to 1899 as Bishop of New Westminster, the precursor to Archdiocese of Vancouver.
Key
CSB Congregation of St. Basil
OMI Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate
SM Society of Mary (Marianists)

Apostolic Vicars of British ColumbiaEdit

Apostolic Vicars
From Until Incumbent Notes Ref(s)
1863 1890 Louis-Joseph d'Herbomez, OMI Appointed on December 22, 1863. Died on June 3, 1890. [4]
1890 1890 Pierre-Paul Durieu, OMI Coadjutor apostolic vicar[A] from 1875 to 1890. [12]

Bishops of New WestminsterEdit

Bishops
From Until Incumbent Notes Ref(s)
1890 1899 Pierre-Paul Durieu, OMI Became the first Bishop of New Westminster on September 2, 1890. Died on June 1, 1899. [12]
1899 1908 Augustin Dontenwill, OMI Coadjutor bishop from 1897 to 1899.[A] [6]

Archbishops of VancouverEdit

 
Augustin Dontenwill was the first archbishop after Vancouver was raised to the status of archdiocese.
Archbishops
From Until Incumbent Notes Ref(s)
1908 1910 Augustin Dontenwill, OMI Became the first Archbishop of Vancouver on September 19, 1908, but resigned shortly after because of his election as superior general of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate (OMI). Died on November 30, 1931. [6]
1910 1912 Neil McNeil Appointed on January 19, 1910. First diocesan priest to be archbishop. Resigned in 1912 after being appointed Archbishop of Toronto. Died on May 25, 1934. [8]
1912 1931 Timothy Casey Appointed on August 2, 1912. Died on October 5, 1931. [13]
1931 1964 William Mark Duke Coadjutor archbishop from 1928 to 1931. Retired on March 11, 1964. Died on August 31, 1971. [14]
1964 1969 Martin Michael Johnson Coadjutor archbishop from 1954 to 1964. Resigned on January 8, 1969. Died on January 29, 1975. [15]
1969 1990 James Carney Auxiliary bishop from 1966 to 1969. Appointed on January 8, 1969. First archbishop born in Vancouver, British Columbia. Died on September 16, 1990. [9]
1991 2004 Adam Exner, OMI Appointed on May 25, 1991. Retired on January 10, 2004, after reaching the mandatory retirement age of 75. [16][17]
2004 2009 Raymond Roussin, SM Appointed on January 10, 2004. Resigned on January 2, 2009. Died on April 24, 2015. [18][19][20]
2009 present J. Michael Miller, CSB Coadjutor archbishop from 2007 to 2009. [21]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Under the Code of Canon Law, the coadjutor bishop has the right of succession (cum jure successionis) upon the death, retirement or resignation of the diocesan bishop he is assisting.[10][11]

ReferencesEdit

General

  • "Former Bishops". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on April 16, 2018. Retrieved January 10, 2019.

Specific

  1. ^ a b "Archdiocese Backgrounder". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on April 16, 2018. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c O'Boyle, WM. P. (1913). "Archdiocese of Vancouver". In Charles George Herbermann (ed.). The Original Catholic Encyclopedia. 15. Robert Appleton Company. pp. 267–268. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
  3. ^ McNally, Vincent J. (2000). The Lord's Distant Vineyard: A History of the Oblates and the Catholic Community in British Columbia. University of Alberta Press. p. 51. ISBN 9780888643469.
  4. ^ a b "Bishop Louis-Joseph d'Herbomez, OMI". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  5. ^ O'Boyle, William (1912). "Vancouver". Catholic Encyclopedia. 15. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d "Archbishop Augustin Dontenwill, OMI". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  7. ^ a b c "Former Bishops". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on April 19, 2020. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Archbishop Neil McNeil". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  9. ^ a b "Archbishop James Carney". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  10. ^ Van Hove, A. (1913). "Bishop". In Charles George Herbermann (ed.). The Original Catholic Encyclopedia. 2. Robert Appleton Company. p. 581. Archived from the original on January 14, 2012. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
  11. ^ Agnew, Paddy; McGarry, Patsy (May 5, 2012). "Vatican may appoint bishop to aid Brady". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on May 6, 2012. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
  12. ^ a b "Bishop Pierre-Paul Durieu, OMI". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  13. ^ "Archbishop Timothy Casey". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  14. ^ "Archbishop William Mark Duke". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  15. ^ "Archbishop Martin Michael Johnson". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  16. ^ "Archbishop Adam Exner, OMI". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  17. ^ De Souza, Raymond J. (February 15, 2004). "A 'Roman' at Heart: Canada's Archbishop Exner Retires". National Catholic Register. Archived from the original on April 11, 2020. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
  18. ^ "Archbishop Emeritus Raymond Roussin, SM". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  19. ^ "Catholic Archbishop of Vancouver officially retires". Vancouver Sun. January 2, 2009. Archived from the original on May 18, 2020. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  20. ^ "Death of the Most Reverend Raymond Roussin, S.M., Archbishop Emeritus of Vancouver". Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops. April 28, 2015. Archived from the original on May 18, 2020. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  21. ^ "Archbishop Miller Biography". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vancouver. Archived from the original on October 10, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2020.

External linksEdit