William Mark Duke

William Mark Duke (October 7, 1879 – August 31, 1971) was a Canadian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, who served as Archbishop of Vancouver from 1931 to 1964.

Rt. Rev.

William Mark Duke
Archbishop of Vancouver
ProvinceBritish Columbia
DioceseArchdiocese of Vancouver
Term ended1964
PredecessorTimothy Casey
SuccessorMartin Johnson
Ordination1903 - Priest
Consecration1928 - Bishop
Personal details
Birth nameWilliam Mark Duke
Born(1879-10-07)October 7, 1879
Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
DiedAugust 31, 1971(1971-08-31) (aged 91)
Vancouver, BC, Canada
DenominationRoman Catholic


Born in Saint John, New Brunswick, on October 7, 1879.


William Duke was ordained to the priesthood at age 23 on June 29, 1903.


He was appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of Vancouver and Titular Bishop of Phasis by Pope Pius XI on August 10, 1928. He received his episcopal consecration on the following October 18 from Archbishop Timothy Casey. Duke later succeeded the late Archbishop Casey as full Archbishop of Vancouver on October 5, 1931.


Service to GodEdit

  • Priest for 68 years
  • Bishop for 43 years


He attended the Second Vatican Council from 1962 to 1965. The Archbishop was a "strict disciplinarian",[3] and was also known as the "Iron Duke".[4] He was opposed to Sunday picnics, dances, alcohol, and Marxism, and once said of bathing beauty contests, "It lowers the dignity and esteem due to women to parade them and measure them ... like cattle."[4] However, Duke was dedicated to vocations, establishing parishes and parochial schools.

On October 30, 1953, he received the degree of Doctor of Laws, (honoris causa) from the University of British Columbia.[5]

On October 1, 1968, he received the Freedom of the City Award from the Vancouver City Council.[6]

He retired as Vancouver's archbishop on March 11, 1964, after thirty-two years of service. Upon his retirement, Duke was appointed Titular Archbishop of Seleucia in Isauria.[7][8] He died seven years later, on August 31, 1971, at the age of 91.

Styles of
William Duke
Reference styleThe Most Reverend
Spoken styleYour Excellency
Religious styleMonsignor
Posthumous stylenone


  1. ^ BILL. Act to incorporate St. Mark's College - Retrieved April 24th 2009
  2. ^ "Mount Duke". BC Geographical Names.
  3. ^ Archdiocese of Vancouver. Former Bishops
  4. ^ a b TIME Magazine. Icebergs & Cattle September 6, 1948
  5. ^ UBC Archives. Honorary Degree Citations - Retrieved April 24th 2009
  6. ^ Vancouver City Council. Freedom of the City Recipients - Retrieved April 24th 2009
  7. ^ "Seleucia in Isauria (Titular See)" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved December 4, 2016
  8. ^ "Titular Metropolitan See of Seleucia in Isauria" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved December 4, 2016

External linksEdit

Religious titles
Preceded by
Timothy Casey
Archbishop of Vancouver
Succeeded by
Martin Michael Johnson