Rohatyn

Rohatyn (Ukrainian: Рогатин, Polish: Rohatyn, Yiddish: ראהאטין‎) is a city located on the Hnyla Lypa River in Ivano-Frankivsk Raion, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, in western Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Rohatyn urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[1] Population: 7,649 (2021 est.)[2].

Rohatyn
Рогатин
Rohatyn
Statue of Nastia Lisovska[a] (Hürrem Sultan) in downtown Rohatyn
Statue of Nastia Lisovska[a] (Hürrem Sultan) in downtown Rohatyn
Flag of Rohatyn
Coat of arms of Rohatyn
Rohatyn is located in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
Rohatyn
Rohatyn
Location of Rohatyn within Ukraine
Rohatyn is located in Ukraine
Rohatyn
Rohatyn
Rohatyn (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 49°25′N 24°37′E / 49.417°N 24.617°E / 49.417; 24.617Coordinates: 49°25′N 24°37′E / 49.417°N 24.617°E / 49.417; 24.617
Country Ukraine
Oblast Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
RaionIvano-Frankivsk Raion
Founded12th century
Population
 (2021)
 • Total7,649
Websitewww.rohatyn.ronet.com.ua
Rohatin near Leopol on the 1554 map of Sebastian Münster

Prior to World War II the town was located in Poland.

NameEdit

It was first mentioned in historical documents in 1184 as a part of the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia. Its name seems to be derived from Ruthenia, the name of the region of the location. However, the town emblem has a horn of a deer which gives the first part of the Slavic name of Rohatyn or Rogatyn – "Rog" ("Horn"). The second part "Tyn" can be connected with a word which means "Stacket". Together these two words give us "Horn Stacket".

Also, there is a legend connected with the image of the deer horn of the town emblem. It is said that a wife of the Duke Jaroslav Osmomysl, being lost in a forest, met a deer. She survived by following the deer out of the forest. A fort was built with name "Rogach" ("Deer") on the place where the duchess supposedly stepped out of the forest.

The town name also can be connected with the Slavic word "Rogatyna" which means a heavy spear for martial arts or bear hunting ("Bear Spear"). It was first mentioned in 1149 (Laurentian Chronicle). In Polish heraldry "Rogacina" means "Broadhead".

HistoryEdit

In 1415, under Polish rule, it was granted Magdeburg rights, and subsequently developed into an important trading and manufacturing town. In 1520, the region was attacked by Crimean Tatars, Hürrem Sultan, a native of Rohatyn, was captured there and sold to the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent of which she became his concubine, then his legal wife and haseki sultan. In the 16th century a renowned school of icon painting arose in Rohatyn, and in the 1580s an Orthodox brotherhood was founded obtaining the stauropegion (a monastery exempt from the control of the local bishop) status. After the First Partition of Poland in 1772, Rohatyn was annexed by Austria, and became a county center. A Ukrainian gymnasium was established there in 1909, and a minor theological seminary in 1931. In 1910, half of the town population was Jewish. During the interwar period the town was under Polish rule. In 1939, it became part of Soviet Ukraine and was granted city status. During World War II, 99 percent of the 3,000 strong Jewish population were murdered in The Holocaust.[citation needed]

Today it is an important highway junction; 26 percent of its inhabitants work in the transportation industry.

Until 18 July 2020, Rohatyn was the administrative center of Rohatyn Raion. The raion was abolished in July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast to six. The area of Rohatyn Raion was merged into Ivano-Frankivsk Raion.[3][4]

MonumentsEdit

  • stone Church of the Nativity of the Theotokos (end of the 14th century)
  • remnants of the town walls and gate from the 13th and 14th centuries
  • wooden Church of the Holy Spirit (1644–1645) with a magnificent iconostasis (1647–1650) is on UNESCO world heritage list
  • the ruins of the Dominican monastery (1614)
  • Roman Catholic Saint Nicholas's Church in the Renaissance style (1666)
  • wooden Saint Nicholas's Church (1729).
  • Statue of Nastia Lisovska (Hürrem Sultan) (1999) replacement for a statue of Lenin

PeopleEdit

GalleryEdit

LocationEdit

Local orientation
Regional orientation

NotesEdit

 
Roksolana, Nastia Lisovska
  1. ^ As inscribed on the monument

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Рогатинская городская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  2. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  3. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  4. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.

External linksEdit