Robertson, New South Wales

Robertson is a large village in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in Wingecarribee Shire. The town is located on the edge of an elevated plateau (the Illawarra escarpment) about 35 km (22 mi) from the coast. At the 2016 census, Robertson and its surrounding area had a population of 1,865.[1]

Robertson
New South Wales
Robertsonnswmemorial.JPG
Memorial to Railway Workers.
Robertson is located in New South Wales
Robertson
Robertson
Coordinates34°35′S 150°35′E / 34.583°S 150.583°E / -34.583; 150.583Coordinates: 34°35′S 150°35′E / 34.583°S 150.583°E / -34.583; 150.583
Population1,865 (2016 census)[1]
Postcode(s)2577
Elevation731 m (2,398 ft)
Location
LGA(s)Wingecarribee Shire
RegionSouthern Highlands
CountyCamden
ParishYarrawa, Kangaloon
State electorate(s)Goulburn
Federal Division(s)Whitlam
Localities around Robertson:
Kangaloon East Kangaloon Mount Murray
Burrawang Robertson Macquarie Pass
Wildes Meadow Upper Kangaroo Valley Pheasant Ground

Robertson is known for its high annual rainfall and fertile soil. It was previously covered by an extensive temperate rainforest, most of which has been cleared for farming though remnants such as Robertson Nature Reserve still exist today. The town is colloquially known as "Robbo" by the locals.

The town is surrounded by lush pasture used for beef and dairy production. It was once famous for cheese production; its distance from, and poor transport to, the Sydney markets meant that in the early days fresh milk was not a viable industry and so the key dairy industries were butter and cheese. Today, the remnants of the cheese industry are seen with one of the old cheese factories remaining in the town; it has been converted into a commercial row of shops. There is also the remnants of an old butter factory at the western end of town. Robertson is now more widely known for potato growing and is the home of the "Big Potato". The Big Potato was built in the 1970s by a local potato grower. Robertson is also where the 1995 movie Babe was filmed.

HistoryEdit

Robertson is named after former Premier of New South Wales Sir John Robertson, whose 1861 Land Act cleared the way for the establishment of the town.[2] Before then it was called Yarrawa Bush.

PopulationEdit

In the 2016 Census, there were 1,865 people in Robertson. 76.7% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was England at 5.6%. 89.0% of people spoke only English at home. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 28.9%, Anglican 25.2% and Catholic 17.2%.[1]

EventsEdit

 
Aerial photo with street names.
 
The Big Potato

In February or March of each year the Robertson Show is held, featuring "The Great Australian Potato Race".

In spring Robertson holds a spring festival, with local gardens open to the public.

AttractionsEdit

Robertson HotelEdit

Robertson is home to the "Robertson Hotel", a popular hotel and wedding venue. The hotel was originally built in 1924, opening as Hotel Robertson. It had a nine-hole golf course, two tennis courts, croquet, lawn bowls, billiards, fishing, hunting, horse riding, and an onsite mechanic who looked after guests' cars during their stay. The hotel won the "Most luxurious hotel in the Commonwealth" award in 1925, and was the first hotel in Australia to have phone lines to every room.

The hotel was built to draw some of the Sydneysiders, who in the past retreated to the cool climate of the Southern Highlands to escape the heat of a Sydney summer and enjoy the beauty of the countryside. It was a success and the developer went on to subdivide and develop the local area, less successfully.

In 1930 the hotel was sold and marketed as an exclusive country club and renamed Ranelagh Country Club after Ranelagh Gardens in London. However, the Great Depression made those plans short lived.

In the buildup to World War II the hotel became a WAAAF training base,[3] serving as a signals base and a training area for budding pilots. After World War II, the hotel was used as a hospice for returned pilots.

The building sold again in 1947 and became St Anthony's College, a Franciscan friary and seminary; it was also used as a school and accommodation house run by the monks. It was during this period that the stained glass windows, rock walls and fountains were built. These are still in the building and around the gardens and grounds.

The hotel has its own railway platform, Moss ValeUnanderra line, which is still used today.

In 1972 the monks moved to smaller premises in Campbelltown and the building returned to its original use as a hotel, named Ranelagh House.

The hotel was sold again in late 2007, and was renamed Fountaindale Grand Manor and Ranelagh Gardens, undergoing major renovations and refurbishments. Recently it was renamed to Robertson Hotel.[4]

Illawarra FlyEdit

On 15 March 2008, the Illawarra Fly Tree Top Walk opened to the public. It is similar to the Otway Fly,[5] in Victoria. It is perched on the Illawarra escarpment at Knights Hill, located east of Robertson. The tree top walk is joined with an observation outdoor tower with views of Wollongong. It is expected[by whom?] to have approximately 200,000 visitors every year.[6]

The Big PotatoEdit

 
The pranksters posing with the Big Potato Face, an overnight guerilla art installation, in March 2010.

Built in 1977 by local potato grower Jim Mauger, the Big Potato sits off the Illawarra Highway. It was modelled on the Sebago potato and is approximately ten metres long and four metres wide. The structure was originally meant to house a Potato Information Centre but rising costs proved an obstacle. Recently the locals of Robertson have worked together to turn the surrounding land into a park.

TransportEdit

 
Aerial photo from north west

Robertson was served by a railway station on the Unanderra–Moss Vale railway line. The railway line is mainly used for freight. East Coast Heritage Rail operates its Cockatoo Run train on a monthly basis across the line from Sydney to Moss Vale and return (via Wollongong). Other heritage trains sometimes use the line, however no regular passenger services are present on the line.

CountryLink buses travel along the Illawarra Highway, linking the Southern Highlands to Wollongong. The Illawarra Highway winds down the escarpment via the Macquarie Pass. Robertson would be a major beneficiary of a major upgrade or replacement to Macquarie Pass. Despite most Illawarra and Highland residents strongly supporting a major improvement to the link between Robertson and Albion Park, no government has shown any interest in such a project.

Facilities and servicesEdit

The Robertson Rural Fire Brigade has been officially active since 5 February 1939, but is believed to have been formed by local people on 14 January, in response to catastrophic bushfires at that time.[7]

Heritage listingsEdit

Robertson has a number of heritage-listed sites, including the Wingecarribee Swamp.[8]

Notable residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Robertson (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 July 2017.  
  2. ^ http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article13117116
  3. ^ https://www.ozatwar.com/locations/no2waaafdepot.htm
  4. ^ http://www.fountaindale.com.au/ Fountaindale Grand Manor
  5. ^ "Otway Fly Treetop Adventures - Great Ocean Road, Victoria, Australia". The Otway Fly Tree Top Adventures. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  6. ^ "Illawarra Fly Treetop Adventures - Illawarra Fly". Illawarra Fly. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  7. ^ Michelle Haines Thomas (9 December 2019). "80 years of fire fighting at Robertson". Southern Highland News. AUSTRALIAN COMMUNITY MEDIA. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  8. ^ "Wingecarribee Swamp". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00784. Retrieved 18 May 2018.

External linksEdit