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Colonel Rex T. Barber (May 6, 1917 – July 26, 2001) was a World War II fighter pilot from the United States. He is best known as a member of the top secret mission to intercept the aircraft carrying Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto in April 1943.[1][2]

Rex T. Barber
Rex T. Barber, World War II aviator, 1917-2001.jpg
Official military photograph of Rex Barber
Born(1917-05-06)May 6, 1917
Culver, Oregon
DiedJuly 26, 2001(2001-07-26) (aged 84)
Terrebonne, Oregon
Place of burial
Redmond Memorial Cemetery
Redmond, Oregon
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch
Years of service1941-1961
RankUS-O6 insignia.svg Colonel
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsNavy Cross ribbon.svg  Navy Cross
Silver Star Medal ribbon.svg  Silver Star with oak leaf cluster
Purple Heart ribbon.svg  Purple Heart
Air Medal ribbon.svg  Air Medal

Contents

Personal lifeEdit

Born and raised in Culver, Oregon, Barber's parents were Charlotte F Barber and William C Barber.[3] He was a student at Linfield College and then Oregon State College in Corvallis; he majored in agricultural engineering from 1937 to 1940 before enlisting in the U.S. Army Air Corps in September 1940.[3]

Barber married Margaret I Trollope (February 11, 1918 – April 26, 2005[4]) at Tyndall Field on October 3, 1947.[5] They had two sons, Rex Barber Jr. and Richard Barber.[3]

Military serviceEdit

Barber received his commission as a U.S. Army officer and his pilot's wings on October 31, 1941. He joined the 70th Pursuit Squadron, which arrived at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, in December 1942. Flying a Bell P-39 Airacobra, he scored his first victory by downing a Japanese bomber on the 28th. Upon transfer to the 339th Squadron, he began flying P-38 Lightnings and claimed two Zero fighters on April 7.

On April 18, Lieutenant Barber figured prominently in the Yamamoto interception, also known as Operation Vengeance. Intelligence sources had learned that Yamamoto would be flying in a "Betty" bomber on an inspection tour of Japanese bases in the northern Solomon Islands. Historian Donald P. Bourgeois credits Barber with the sole kill of Yamamoto's aircraft.[2] In 1991, Barber and Captain Thomas George Lanphier, Jr. were officially credited with half a kill each in Yamamoto's bomber after the Air Force reviewed the incident. Barber also shared a second Betty destroyed on the same mission. In 2003, Barber was credited by the Governor and Legislature of Oregon with the sole kill after an inspection analyzed the crash site and determined the path of the bullet impacts, thereby validating Barber's account and invalidating Lanphier's claim.[6][relevant? ] However, despite numerous appeals, the US Air Force refused to reverse its 1991 ruling giving each pilot half credit for the kill.[7]

Barber also claimed to have shot down a Zero fighter during this mission, although Japanese records show that no Zeros were lost.

After his tour of duty ended in June 1943, then-Captain Barber requested a return to combat. Late that year, he joined the 449th Fighter Squadron in China, still flying P-38s. He claimed three further Japanese planes probably destroyed and damaged, but he was shot down on his 139th mission, bailing out near Kiukiang on April 29. He was rescued by Chinese civilians, who treated his injuries and escorted him to safety five weeks later. At the end of the war, Barber attained the rank of major and commanded one of America's first jet squadrons. He retired as a colonel in 1961.

DecorationsEdit

Barber was awarded the Navy Cross, two Silver Stars, a Purple Heart, an Air Medal and numerous other awards over his military career, including the Veterans of Foreign Wars Gold Medal of Merit.

Return to civilian lifeEdit

Upon his military discharge, Barber returned to Culver, Oregon, and resided there for the next forty years. He worked as an insurance agent and, at different times, served the city of Culver as mayor and judge.

He was a strong supporter of Little League Baseball, and often helped out local youth.[8][9] He was actively involved in service organizations until his death at his home in Terrebonne, Oregon. His son, Rex Jr., is quoted as saying that his "afterburner just flamed out on him."[citation needed]

60th anniversary of the Yamamoto shootdownEdit

On April 18, 2003, Governor Ted Kulongoski proclaimed the day "Rex T. Barber Day." The previous week, the Oregon State Legislature had declared that the new bridge on U.S. Highway 97 over the Crooked River was to be named the Rex T. Barber Veterans Memorial Bridge in his honor. (This bridge replaced the Crooked River High Bridge.) The new bridge, plaque and kiosk honoring Barber were dedicated on August 9, 2003 at Peter Skene Ogden State Scenic Viewpoint.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Goldstein, Richard (August 1, 2001). "Rex T. Barber, pilot who downed Yamamoto, dies at 84". New York Times. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  2. ^ a b Bourgeois, Donald P. (April 18, 2013). "Historian says Oregonian Rex Barber shot down Yamamoto in World War II". Oregonian. Portland, Oregon. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c Matheny, Susan (August 7, 2001), "Flying ace Rex Barber dies", Madras Pioneer
  4. ^ SS#: 547-22-6530. - U.S. Social Security Death Index. - U.S. Social Security Administration.
  5. ^ Bailey, Joseph W., County Judge; and MacLeod, Roy M., Chaplain (October 3, 1947), Marriage Certificate # 9488, Office of the Clerk of Circuit Court, Bay County, FloridaCS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ "Oregon Secretary of State: Notable Oregonians: Rex T. Barber - WWII Fighter Pilot and Ace". sos.oregon.gov.
  7. ^ Sowell, John (November 10, 2014). "Did an Idahoan or an Oregon native shoot down Yamamoto?". Idaho Statesman.
  8. ^ "Oregon Secretary of State: Notable Oregonians: Rex T. Barber - WWII Fighter Pilot and Ace". sos.oregon.gov.
  9. ^ "Rex Barber Proclamation - Oregon Historical Markers on Waymarking.com". www.waymarking.com.

External linksEdit