Resistance Party (France)

The Resistance Party (French: Parti de la Résistance) was a centre-right conservative Orléanist political group during the July Monarchy.[3]

Resistance Party
Parti de la Résistance
LeaderCasimir Périer
Adolphe Thiers
François Guizot
Founded1832; 190 years ago (1832)
Dissolved1848; 174 years ago (1848)
Merger ofDoctrinaires
Merged intoParty of Order
NewspaperJournal des débats
La Presse
IdeologyConservatism[1]
Liberal conservatism[2]
Orléanism
Political positionCentre-right
Colours  Blue

The party sat on the centre-right of the Chamber of Deputies, to the left of the Legitimists, but to the right of the republican opposition, the centre-left Movement Party and the centrist Third Party.

HistoryEdit

The Resistance Party came to power with Casimir Pierre Périer in 1831 and would remain there essentially until the end of the reign. At the head of the government since March 1831, Périer brought in the army against the Lyons canuts. This revolt took place in the working-class districts of Lyons. The rioters brandished the black flag by chanting "live by working or dying while fighting".

After the death of Périer in 1832, his associate François Guizot became the party leader. He imposed a peaceful foreign policy and a conservative domestic policy. This government was unpopular in 1840 because to consolidate the regime the government did not hesitate to corrupt parliament. In the elections of 1842, the Guizot government imposed itself by a favorable economic situation.

However, the tension between workers and industrialists became too strong and revolts exploded. King Louis Philippe I removed Guizot from power in 1847. Louis-Mathieu Molé was appointed briefly as Prime Minister, attempting to repress the revolution, but he failed. The monarchy was abolished and the new French Republic was born in 1848.

Many members of the Resistance Party, like other parliamentary groups under the July Monarchy, merged in the Party of Order, a conservative expression in the new regime.

IdeologyEdit

The Resistance Party believed that the liberal cause had been fulfilled by the Charter of 1830. The party envisioned the July Revolution as a means to restore order and legality after the coup d'état of Charles X, rather than as a radical break from the existing order. Their governments supported a moderate and bourgeois policy, retaining the censal system and holding a laissez-faire economic stance. The party did back some progressive measures such as the school law of 1833, which established free public education for the poor.

Electoral resultsEdit

Chamber of Deputies
Election year No. of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
No. of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1834 89,885 (1st) 69.5
320 / 460
  38
1837 20,937 (3rd) 13.8
64 / 464
  135
1839 87,352 (2nd) 43.4
199 / 459
  67
1842 Unknown (1st) 58.0
266 / 459
  37
1846 155,718 (1st) 63.3
290 / 459
  24

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Julian Jackson, ed. (2003). France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944. OUP Oxford. p. 385. ISBN 978-0-19-162288-5. ... the 'party of the resistance' described the conservative Orleanists who opposed the July Monarchy. ...
  2. ^ Mark Hulliung, ed. (2002). Citizens and Citoyens: Republicans and Liberals in America and France. Harvard University Press.
  3. ^ Civilization and Society in the West. p. 439.
Bibliography

Sophie Kerignard; Laurent Colantonio; Véronique Fau-Vincenti; Alice Primi (2004). 100 fiches d'histoire du xixe siècle. Vol. l'Histoire de France, Larousse. Editions Bréal.