Charter of 1830
|Charter of 1830|
Charter of 1830.
|Original title||(in French) Charte constitutionnelle du 14 août 1830|
After three days of protests in July 1830 – the July Revolution, also called the "Three Glorious Days" (les trois glorieuses) – by the merchant bourgeoisie, who were outraged to be ousted from the limited voters list by the July Ordinances, Charles X of France was forced to abdicate. Charles X's chosen successor was his young grandson, Henri, comte de Chambord (1820–1883), but Henri never ascended to the throne. The line of natural hereditary succession was abolished and a member of the cadet Orléans line of the Bourbon family was chosen: Louis Philippe of France.
On August 7 the Charter of 1814 was revised, and its preamble evoking the ancien régime was eliminated. When voted on in the Chamber it was passed by 246 votes to 12. The new charter was imposed on the king by the nation and not promulgated by the king. On August 9, 1830, Louis-Philippe d'Orléans swore to uphold the Charter and was crowned "King of the French" (roi des Français), and not "King of France" (roi de France). The "July Monarchy" was to last until 24 February 1848 when the Second Republic was established.
The Charter of 1830 removed from the king the power to make ordinances for the security of the state ; royal ordinances were henceforth to concern only the application of laws. Hereditary peerage was eliminated, but not the institution of peerage. The census suffrage system was modified and the poll tax (cens) was reduced to 200 francs permitting individuals 25 years old or older to vote, and to 500 francs for individuals 30 years old or older to be elected to the Chamber of Deputies. The law of the Double vote was abolished, and the number of electors was thus doubled, without nevertheless significantly increasing the size or characteristics of the electoral body: 1 out of 170 Frenchmen participate in the elections with the electorate at 170,000 which increased to 240,000 by 1846.
- This article is based on the article Charte de 1830 from the French Wikipedia, retrieved on October 13, 2006.
This is a copy of the text of the Charter. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1830frenchconstitution.asp